Difference between revisions of "Pinecil"

From PINE64
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(→‎Pinecil V1 Reviews: Minor cleanups)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|400px|thumb|right|'''Pinecil''' is a portable, temperature controlled soldering iron. It also has the intended use of being a Risc-V development device using a breakout board (V2 in Photo)]]
'''Pinecil''' is a portable soldering iron with computer controlled temperature, sleep modes, motion detection, and allows many options for power from AC supplies (USB-C, DC Barrel) to external tool/LiPo batteries. You may already have a power supply that works. It also has the intended use of being a RISC-V development device using a [[#Pinecil_Breakout_board|breakout board]]. The Pinecil has evolved over the years from a 60W device into the latest rendition, [[#History_of_Pinecil_Changes|the V2]], which supports 24V/88W and includes the new PINE64 designed [[Pinecil_Tips#I._Short_tips|shorter tip]].


== Authenticity ==
Note: Other irons only care if they can solder. The Pinecil is held to an additional standard; how well can it meet the needs of the open source community as a RISC-V development tool. It includes hardware features not found on other soldering irons such as BLE Bluetooth in the V2 in order to support FOSS community feature requests for both fun and science.
 
[[File:Pinecil GraphicGreenRISCV.png|500px]]
 
[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Pinecil V2, launched Aug 2, 2022]]
[[File:Pinecilv2-2-transparent-background.png|300px|thumb|right| Pinecil V2, side view]]
 
== Main features ==


{{Sidebar|The Pinecil's main features are:
* Portability and Temperature control
* Portability
* Settable temperature
* Soldering tips:
* Soldering tips:
** Replaceable
# Replaceable and low cost
** Many styles available. [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Currently sold] as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
# Many styles: [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ currently sold] as 4-packs, one fine set, the other larger.
** Compatible with TS100
# Compatible with other ts100 tips.
* Flexible power sources:
* Multiple power sources will work for more flexibility:
** USB Type C power delivery
# USB-C PD (power delivery), minimum 3 Amps, 12V.
** DC 5525 Barrel jack
# DC 5525 Barrel jack charger, minimum 3 Amps, 12V.
** Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries
# Battery: connect to 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries or 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries.
* Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see batch changes below.
* Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see [[#History_of_Pinecil_Changes|history of changes below]].
** Board schematics are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** Board [[#Schematics,_Board_Data,_Certifications|schematics]] are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board]lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board] lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.


There are additional features that include (useful for devkit):
Additional features (useful for devkit):


* A Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
* Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
* V2 model allows BLE Bluetooth control because of the switch to the Bouffalo BL706 MCU.
* 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
* Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
* Programmable with [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk tools from Bouffalo Labs], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].}}
* Programmable with [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk tools from Bouffalo Labs], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].
 
== Authenticity ==


There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip (sky blue V1, teal green V2). The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.
There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manufacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as PINE64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine new PINE64 Pinecil only comes in a black handle color with a green silicone thumb grip. The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.


The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a teal green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).
The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2 model) comes in a white box (see [[#Pictures|Pictures]]), it has a black color handle with a green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).


=== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ===
=== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ===
Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number.
Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number. This allows people to check if the Pinecil V2 is Authentic.
Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:
To be more sure, update to the newest stable Ralim's IronOS and check again, see [[#Firmware_&_Updates| Firmware & Updates]].


<code>'''[https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker]'''</code>
{{Note|[https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticity Checker here.]}}


=== Where to buy a Pinecil ===
== Where to buy a Pinecil ==


'''PINE64 Official Stores'''
'''PINE64 Official Stores'''
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Main global PINE64 store] (ships from China, carries full line of PINE64 products)
 
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA, only has Pinecil)
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Main global PINE64 store] (ships from China, exports only, Global, VAT not included).
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA, has Pinecil V2 - no tips/accessories)


'''PINE64 EU'''
'''PINE64 EU'''
* [https://pine64eu.com/about/ PINE64 EU store] (ships from EU)


'''Official affiliates'''
* [https://pine64eu.com/about/ PINE64 EU store] (ships from EU, VAT+ 2-year warranty included per EU laws)
* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (ships from USA, offers pre-order)


'''Other sites selling real Pinecil'''
'''Affiliates'''
* [https://eleshop.de/pinecil-smart-mini-tragbarer-lotkolben.html Eleshop.eu] (ships from EU, offers pre-order)
* [https://testclips.co.uk/product-category/pinecil-pine64/ Testclips] (ships from UK)
* [https://www.ursele.com/contact  URS Electronics] (local counter sales only in Portland, Oregon, USA)


* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (offers pre-order, ships to USA/Global/Brazil)
* [https://eleshop.eu/catalogsearch/result/?q=pine64 Eleshop.eu] (ships from EU, offers pre-order, 2-year warranty included per EU laws). In Netherlands, [https://www.eleshop.nl/catalogsearch/result/?q=pine64 use this NL link].
* [https://droneit.se/shop/?filtering=1&filter_brand=pine64 Droneit] (ships from Sweden, sells all Pine tips/accessories).
* [https://handheldlegend.com/collections/soldering-essentials Handheld Legend] (ships from USA to worldwide).
* [https://keycapsss.com/accessories/227/pinecil-v2-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron Keycapsss] (ships from Germany to EU/AUS/Global)
* [https://testclips.co.uk/product-category/pinecil-pine64/ Testclips] (ships from GB)
* [https://typeractive.xyz/products/pinecil Typeractive] (ships from USA to 55 countries).
* [https://www.ursele.com/contact URS Electronics] (local in-store only sales in Portland, Oregon, USA)
* [https://bitcompact.com/products/pinecil-v2 bitcompact] (ships from Canada)
* Reference: https://pine64.com/affiliates/


In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).
'''Why buy from a legitimate seller?'''


Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pictures the Picture section]). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official Github IronOS firmware, will successfully pass the [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticiy Checker website]. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pinecil_board_information,_schematics_and_certifications Certifications section]. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.
The PINE64 Mission is to get hardware into the hands of open source developers and tinkerers. Buying authentic Pinecils supports that mission (see [https://www.pine64.org/2019/08/19/its-time-to-start-giving-back/ this article]).
 
In July 2022, all final stock sold out of Pinecil V1 (GD32VF103 mcu) at the Pine Store & all legit resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a light blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue Pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).
 
Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in [[#Pictures|the Picture section]]). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ GitHub IronOS firmware], will successfully pass the [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticiy Checker website]. If a new Pinecil (post Aug. 1, 2022) does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake copy. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the [[#Pinecil_Certifications|Certifications section]]. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.


== Shipping & Tracking ==
== Shipping & Tracking ==
'''How does it work?'''
* '''Order Email''': when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
* '''Shipping Email''': after several more days, when the order is shipped, a '''second''' email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store').
* If you don't get the first email soon after placing the order,  then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
* Cheap shipping option: could take 3-7 weeks (a few reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
* Courier shipping: more expensive, takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
* [https://pine64.com/shipping-policy/ Pine Store shipping policy]


'''Tracking websites'''
See the [[Pinecil_Shipping_and_Tracking| Shipping and Tracking]] article, which includes:
* https://parcelsapp.com/
 
* https://www.17track.net/
# [[Pinecil Shipping and Tracking#How_does_it_work?|How does it work?]]
* The tracking number issued in the shipping email may not work for a couple days, just check again.
# [[Pinecil Shipping and Tracking#Courier_options|Courier options]]
* If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it's just a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred".
# [[Pinecil Shipping and Tracking#Tracking|Tracking]]
# [[Pinecil_Shipping_and_Tracking#Why_doesn't_Pine_Store_Ship_to_my_country?| Why doesn't Pine store ship to my country?]]


== Usage ==
== Usage ==
=== Overview ===
=== Overview ===
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing.
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Do not try to bend the two [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are made of a stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
|}


# '''Install the Tip''': pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.
'''Prep Tasks'''
## Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push it all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic [https://wiki.pine64.org/images/thumb/b/b0/Pinecilv2-1.jpg/400px-Pinecilv2-1.jpg (see photo)].
 
## '''Gently''' tighten/loosen this one screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
{{Hint|Clean new cartridges/tips with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) to remove factory residue before installing (even if it looks clean). If you have no IPA, at least try a paper towel, especially clean the white end with the two silver electric contacts (do not use water; it could get into the seam line on the white end). This resolves issues with jumping temperatures or random no-tip symbol from poor electric contact.}}
## The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Fasteners see fasteners]).
 
# '''Supply Power''': the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
Do not try to bend the two [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
## USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows '''DC Low''', this is enough for firmware updates and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
 
## See Power section for details on power options. [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Potential_Watts_of_different_Power_Supplies QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak]
'''1. Install the tip''': The Pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.
# '''Heat the Tip''': plug Pinecil into an appropriate [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply].
 
## Clicking <code>'''[+]'''</code> starts the tip heating.
# Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push the tip all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic (see [[:File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|photo]]).
## The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and estimated time to reach target temperature.
# Gently tighten or loosen this screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
## Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of <code>'''[+]'''</code> and <code>'''[-]'''</code> buttons.
# The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together (see [[#Fasteners/Screws|Fasteners]]).
## Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> for a moment to turn the heat off.
# Always unplug before swapping tips if you have multiple tips.
## You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see Github IronOS for details on firmware settings).
 
# '''Using the Settings Menu''':
'''2. Supply power''': the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
## To check the firmware version, hold down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
 
### This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
# USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows ''DC Low'', this is enough for [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started firmware updates] and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
## Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see Getting Started section.
# See [[#Power_Supplies_and_Watts|Power section]] for details on power options. [[#QC_Chargers|QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak]]
## Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
 
## Click <code>'''[-]'''</code> to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then Click <code>'''[+]'''</code> button to change various internal settings. Then click <code>'''[-]'''</code> again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.
'''3. Heat the tip''': plug Pinecil into an appropriate [[Pinecil_Power_Supplies|power supply]].
# '''Important notes''':
 
## The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
# Clicking <code>'''[+]'''</code> starts the tip heating.
## '''For Safety, unplug''' the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
# The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and time until sleep mode starts.
## To heat up the tip, we need a [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies see Power Supply page]).
# Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of <code>'''[+]'''</code> and <code>'''[-]'''</code> buttons.
### Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For maximum performance and good soldering experience, a USB-C '''PD65W, 20V, 3+ A''' charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
# Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> for a moment to turn the heat off.
### Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (+ pos center, - neg outside)] that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
# You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ GitHub IronOS for details on firmware] settings).
### Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adaptor, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
 
### You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Power Supply page]).
'''4. Using the Settings Menu''':
### While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V Usb-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
### See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.


=== Getting Started ===
# To check the firmware version, hold down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22". This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
* '''Getting Started''' guide in [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/GettingStarted.md Github/IronOS]
# Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see [[#Getting_Started_with_the_Menu|Getting started with menus section]].
# Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
# Click <code>'''[-]'''</code> to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then click <code>'''[+]'''</code> button to change various internal settings. Then click <code>'''[-]'''</code> again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.


* '''Main Settings Menu''': updated list is found in the firmware repository '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Settings.md IronOS Settings Menu]'''
'''5. Important notes''':
** '''Power settings''': settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
** '''Soldering settings''': settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
** '''Sleep mode''': power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
** '''User interface''': settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
** '''Advanced settings''': assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major firmware update as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.


* '''Hidden Debug Menus''': [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/DebugMenu.md are also available, see Github/IronOS]
# The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
# Calibration of the Tip temperature is usually not necessary and should only be done if the tip is off by +/- 5 °C or temperature is behaving oddly. See instructions to [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Menu/#calibrate-tip-cjc calibrate the tip in the firmware on GitHub IronOS.]
# '''For Safety''', unplug the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
# To heat up the tip, we need a [[Pinecil_Power_Supplies|power supply]] that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended (see [[Pinecil Power Supplies]]).
## Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For good performance and soldering experience, a USB-C '''PD65W, 20V, 3+ A''' charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
## Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (+ pos center, - neg outside)] that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
## Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adapter, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
## You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see [[Pinecil Power Supplies]]).
## While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V USB-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
## See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.


=== Advanced Modifications ===
=== Getting Started with the Menu ===
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/HallSensor.md Installing Optional Hall Effect Sensor]
* [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=16989  Installing LED lights]


== Community links ==
# '''Getting Started''' Guide in [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ GitHub/IronOS]
* Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners or the PINE64 open source community?
# '''Main Settings Menu''': updated list is found in the firmware repository [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ Settings Menu]
* Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?
#* '''Power settings''': settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
#* '''Soldering settings''': settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
#* '''Sleep mode''': power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
#* '''User interface''': settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
#* '''Advanced settings''': assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ firmware update] as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.
# '''Hidden Debug Menus''': also available, see [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/DebugMenu/ GitHub/IronOS]


'''Join one of the Community Chat links'''
== Optional Advanced Modifications ==


<code> '''[https://discordapp.com/invite/DgB7kzr Discord]'''
# [[Pinecil_Hall_Effect_Sensor| Hall Effect Sensor]]: add a sensor that activates with a magnet to put the Pinecil to sleep when it enters a holder or stand.
'''[https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]'''
# [[#Fasteners/Screws| Thumb Screws]]: switch tiny tip holder screw to an easy to use thumb screw.
'''[https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]''' </code>
# [https://github.com/Herushan/Pinecil_LED_Ring/blob/main/Pinecil_LED_Ring_writeup.pdf LED light ring install]: add a PCB light ring to Pinecil. [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMbjwjDbSew Video of the process]
# [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=16989 LED light install]: add two LEDs to Pinecil.
# [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/z489qt/customized_pinecil_v2/ RGB internal LED] - pink and blue LEDs.


== Firmware ==
== Live Community Chat ==


The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS open source IronOS]. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.
* Need troubleshooting advice for the PINE64 Pinecil soldering iron? Join through one of the community chat links below.
* Protocol Droid bot: the live chat is bridged to Discord, Telegram, Matrix and IRC. Those bridges will not have all the features available within all platforms, but the chat is relayed between all four by a bot named "Protocol Droid".
* Live chat has volunteer members that are not paid PINE64 employees, but occasionally get official information.
* The ''Pinecil channel'' is the most popular for questions and troubleshooting such as help installing Firmware or use of Tips (and where most people discuss Pinecil/soldering). The ''pinecil-dev channel'' is a more limited chat for developers working on software/firmware such as IronOS or the new BLE Bluetooth apps.


* Hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> to see the firmware version
# [https://discord.gg/pine64 Discord]
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/master/Documentation/Flashing.md#pinecil-pine64 Firmware update instructions]
# [https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]
# [https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]


* To explore documentation on Menu or settings, submit a feature request, or help Ralim enhance the code, see [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/tree/master/Documentation GitHub Ralim/IronOS]
== Firmware & Updates ==


* One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.
{{Hint|Pinecil is designed to use '''only 1 power port''' at any time. Only the USB-C cable should be plugged in during firmware updates. Never attempt to use both rear ports at the same time or the PC and Pinecil will be damaged.}}


* See [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Community_links Community Chat Links] if you run into issues updating.
See the '''[[Pinecil_Firmware|Pinecil Firmware]]''' article for instructions on how to update Pinecil, this includes:


== Development efforts ==
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Overview|Overview]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Flash_Mode|Flash Mode]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Update_V2:_Windows|Update V2: Windows]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Update_V2:_Linux_and_Mac|Update V2: Linux and Mac]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Bluetooth_(BLE)_Apps| Bluetooth (BLE) for V2]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Troubleshoot_V2_Flashing|Troubleshoot V2 Flashing]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Build_the_Blisp_Flasher_from_Code|Build the Blisp Flasher from Code]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Update_V1|Update V1]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#General_Firmware_Details|General Firmware Details]]
# [[Pinecil_Firmware#Boot_Logo_Art| Boot Logo Art]]
# Problems with IronOS firmware? Read [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ documents here]. If the answer is not found, open a [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues ticket here] or join the [[#Live_Community_Chat|live Pinecil community chat]].


{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
== Development Projects ==
! Author
! Project Homepage
! Description


{| class="wikitable"
! Author !! Project Homepage !! Description !! Supported
|-
|-
| Ben Brown (ralimtek) || '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/ Github Ralim/IronOS]''' || Official Pinecil firmware
| Ben Brown ([https://github.com/Ralim?tab=repositories ralimtek])
| [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Ralim's IronOS]
| Official Pinecil firmware
| BL706, GD32VF103TB, Stm32f103
|-
| Marek Kraus [https://github.com/gamelaster gamiee/gamelaster]
| [https://github.com/pine64/blisp Blisp V2 Flasher]
| CLI Updater for Pinecil V2, BL70x MCU
| Windows, Linux, Mac
|-
| Marek Kraus [https://github.com/gamelaster gamiee/gamelaster]
| [https://github.com/pine64/pine64_updater Pinecil V1 Flasher]
| Pinecil V1 GUI Updater
| Windows, Mac
|-
| Arkaitz Goni Hedger [https://github.com/Spagett1?tab=repositories spagett1]
| [https://github.com/Laar3/PineFlash PineFlash]
| Pinecil V1 GUI Updater
| Linux, Mac
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| [https://github.com/builder555 Builder555]
| [https://github.com/builder555/PineSAM BLE PineSAM]
| Bluetooth LE Settings & temperature control from any browser
| Cross-platform, runs local script to control Pinecil from PC or phone.
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| [https://github.com/joric?tab=repositories Joric] (iamjoric)
| [https://joric.github.io/pinecil/ BLE browser API]
| [https://github.com/joric/pinecil/wiki Bluetooth LE Graph]
| Windows, Linux, Android browsers that support BLE GATT
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| Tom W ([https://github.com/TomW1605 TomW1605]) & [https://github.com/ithinkido?tab=repositories ithinkido]
| [https://github.com/TomW1605/esphome_pinecilv2_ble BLE V2 + ESP32]
| Bluetooth LE V2 data => ESP32 BLE+Wifi => Home Assist display
| Cross Platform
|-
| Bouffalo Lab
| [https://dev.bouffalolab.com/download B-Lab Dev Cube ]
| MCU vendor GUI for Dev
| BL70x, BL60x, others (does not work for Pinecil V2)
|-
|-
| Alvin Wong
| Alvin Wong
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs]
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs Rust code on GD32VF103]
| Rust code demos for Pinecil
| Rust code demos for Pinecil V1
| GD32VF103TB
|}
|}
{{Hint| Note: Bluetooth (BLE) apps require upgrading Pinecil V2 to IronOS '''2.21''' or newer [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/releases/ firmware here].}}
== Power Supplies and Watts ==
Generally, a higher power charger is better; a 20V power supply will give better performance than a 15V charger. The Pinecil needs a minimum of 3 amps and will work with higher amps charger. However, do not exceed the volts rating for V1 and V2 models or damage to components could occur (see the side of the Pinecil handle for the maximum volts).
=== Power Chart ===
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"
! Type !! Volts !! / !! Tip Ω !! = !! Amps !! * !! Volts !! = !! Watts
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 2.5A || * || 20V || = || '''50W'''
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.2A || * || 20V || = || '''64W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.0A || * || 24V || = || '''72W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.8A || * || 24V || = || '''92W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.5A || * || 28V || = || '''98W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 4.5A || * || 28V || = || '''126W'''
|-
|}
=== Power Notes ===
* PINE64 officially states the Pinecil V2 will support up to 24V-88W. Tentatively, the V2 also ''unofficially'' supports 28V-140W EPR/PD3.1 USB-C chargers with certified EPR 240W USB-C cables.
* Maximum recommended DC barrel power is 24V-5A on V2 (21v on V1). This allows headroom for higher spikes that happen in DC bricks or off-brand bench supplies. It is ''not a smart charger'' like a USB-C charger which uses chips to negotiate with devices like the Pinecil. People have blown MOSFET and buck converters experimenting with higher than 24V DC barrel bricks (especially the cheap "universal" no-name types).
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started Ralim's IronOS firmware] includes the PD3.1 protocol (which allows the use of EPR 28V-140W chargers) on Pinecil V2.
* EPR 28V USB-C is new to the market in 2022. The first wave of these smart chargers are 28V/140W, are more expensive, and require a PD 3.1/240W cable to fully allow the 28V power to V2 (28V seen on screen if correct cable is used).
* EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices. EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else USB-C as well.
* Pinecil is not a USB-C tester: when the ''detailed screen'' is enabled on Pinecil, note it shows estimates and are at best +-10%. The watts shown on ''detailed'' mode are a big picture number for convenience and debugging various chargers used. It is not going to be as accurate as an external tester. Use external metering for comparisons or testing (external testers also cause a small reduction in Watts).
=== QC Chargers ===
Many Quick Charge or QC3 phone chargers are '''not recommended''' as Pinecil V2 is rated for a ''minimum of 3 Amps'' or more to work properly (see [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron/ Pine Store Official rating] on power ports). Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to <code>Thermal Runaway</code> or <code>Undervoltage</code> messages because of weak power (older QC2 type is not supported in the IronOS firmware at all).
== Compatible Power Supplies ==
Go to the '''[[Pinecil Power Supplies]]''' article for details on how to select a charger, hook up a battery, and a list of compatible power supplies and cables.


== Checklist ==
== Checklist ==
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
Prep tasks:
| Clean new tips with Isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (to avoid strange behavior from poor contact).
 
|}
# '''Clean new cartridges/tips with 99% isopropyl alcohol (IPA)''' to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor electric contact). If you have none, try to at least wipe down the new cartridge with a clean towel especially the 2 contacts at the rear white end (do not use water, as it could get into the small white seam line).
# Do not bend the two tiny [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are thin spring metal and may break.
# Only use one port, USB-C or the DC barrel, but Never both at the same time. Damage will occur to PC/ Laptop/ Pinecil!
# If using a DC barrel brick for power, do not use more than 24V for Pinecil V2 and not more than 21V for Pinecil V1 (a [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Pinecil_V1,_24V_Mod|special end-user modification]] is possible for V1 which allows it to use up to 24V safely.


Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
#
 
# the display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
# The display turns on when 5-21V is supplied (V2 models can do 24V).
#* via USB type C or DC 5525 '''center positive''' barrel [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (how to check polarity)]
#* Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 ''center positive'' barrel [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (how to check polarity)]
#* caution: do '''not''' plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
#* Use the video linked to make sure the DC barrel charger is ''Center Positive'' before plugging it into Pinecil. Several users have accidentally plugged incorrect center-negative chargers into Pinecil which immediately breaks it because it is the wrong type of charger (this is sometimes repairable, see [[#Live_Community_Chat| live community chat]]).
#* The two ports are intended to be used indenpendently and not at the same time.
#* Note that 5v shows ''DC low'' and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
#* note that 5v shows '''DC low''' and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
# It gets full power.
# it gets 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger
#* 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
#* check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it)
#* Check both orientations of the USB-C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work).
# Check Update mode [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Flashing.md#pinecil-pine64 (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing)]
# Check for new firmware updates, see the [[#Firmware_&_Updates |Firmware section]].
#* requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
#* Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in at a time. You could damage/break the PC and Pinecil doing this.
#* to enter update mode, hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
#* V1 and V2 used different flasher apps to load firmware onto the Pinecil, see the [[#Firmware & Updates|Firmware section]].
#* screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
#* Updating firmware requires a ''data'' capable USB cable connected to a PC/laptop.
#* note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable, and never when connected to a PC for an Update.
# Check that both buttons work
# both buttons work
#* <code>[-]</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press <code>[-]</code> to get the software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>-</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>[+]</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
#* <code>+</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
# The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to ''Automatic''
# the displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
#* User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
#* menu -> User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
#* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ More menu options listed on IronOS documents]
#* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Settings.md More menu options listed on Github/IronOS]
# Check that all 3 external screws are present
# all 3 external screws are present
## One near the back of the screen (ground screw for optional ground wire)
## one near the back near the screen (ground screw)
## One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## one at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together, does not touch the tip)
## one at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
# Check that the tip is clean & wipe it down with a dry towel or IPA (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture).
# the tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
#* Some tips come pre-dipped in solder for protection and may look odd. Heat them up then wipe clean on a soldering sponge or brass wool and inspect.
#* see [[#Caring for a soldering iron]] in case it is used
#* Heat up the tips a few times to 350°C for a couple minutes to check that they are working and melting solder.
# it heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
#* See [[#Pinecil Tips|Pinecil Tips]] and [[#Guides to Soldering & Maintenance|Guides to Soldering & Maintenance]] for soldering advice.
#* this may draw up to ~3A, make sure the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] can provide that
#* Re-tin the tip before storing is advised to prevent oxidation.
#* minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
# Check that it heats up with an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point.
# the reported temperature is correct
#* This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the [[Pinecil Power Supplies|power supply]] can provide a minimum of 3amps or more.
#* if no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
#* Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up higher without user input and check with the [[#Live_Community_Chat|live volunteer Pinecil channel]].
# if there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
# Do a simple test is to see if the iron will melt solder at approximately the expected temperature for the alloy of solder being tested.
#* If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded). This may be more if the room is cold.
# If there are multiple tips, wipe all of them with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) or a dry clean towel and check that they all heat up.
# If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen facing the side or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel instead of wobbling on the stub of the small screw.


== Specifications ==
== Specifications ==


=== Pinecil V2 ===
=== Pinecil V2 ===
* '''Package:''' 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Package:''' 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Dimensions:''' 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
* '''Dimensions:''' 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
Line 216: Line 331:
* '''CPU:''' 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
* '''CPU:''' 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
* '''Memory:'''
* '''Memory:'''
** 192KB Internal Flash
** 192KB Internal ROM
** 132KB SRAM System
** 132KB SRAM
** 1KB eFuse (stores things like boot settings, MAC address, etc.)
* '''Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):'''
* '''Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):'''
** Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
** Only use one power port at a time (USB or DC barrel)
** USB type C: PD 12V-20V '''3A''' and QC 3.0 12V-20V '''3A''' (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** USB type C: PD 12V-20V 3A and QC 3.0 12V-20V 3A (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, '''minimum 3amps.'''
** Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, minimum 3amps.
** Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector] (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
** Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector] (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
** Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
** Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
** Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and IronOS firmware.
** Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ IronOS firmware].
*** EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
*** EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
*** Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
*** Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
Line 230: Line 346:


=== Pinecil V1 ===
=== Pinecil V1 ===
* '''Package:''' 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Package:''' 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Dimensions:''' 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
* '''Dimensions:''' 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
Line 239: Line 356:
** 32KB SRAM
** 32KB SRAM
* '''Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):'''
* '''Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):'''
** Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
** Only use one power port at a time (USB or DC barrel)
** DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector].
** DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector].
** USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised


=== Fasteners ===
=== Fasteners/Screws ===
* Originals are phillips ([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source]):: two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the <code>'''[-]'''</code> minus button. The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter 3mm.
* Thumbs screws are popular upgrades: an '''M2 x 4mm''' thumb screw could replace '''both''' the top-front Tip holder screw and the ground screw. It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip just grazes the Tip and the '''longer M2 x4mm is better on top'''.
** [https://www.amazon.com/Knurled-Screws-Shoulder-Stainless-Metric/dp/B01MQSNPD0 (1) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256801293488521.html (2) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255799966445780.html (3) Thumb screw]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256803069568247.html Smaller head thumb screw]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256802759810600.html Bling Gold screws]
** [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png Photo of thumb screws on Pinecil]
** If the screw is too long ([https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256804364574103.html i.e., 5mm]) a metal file can be used to shorten it.
* If you just want to swap out the stock phillips screws for Hex key/Allen screws get (2- m2x4mm & 1- m2x3mm):
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2261799962114486.html (1) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255800794906149.html (2) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/2261799953187569.html (3) Hex cap screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20220817084841&isPremium=y&SearchText=thumb+screw+m2+stainless+steel+4mm (4) Different M2x4mm screw options]


== Manuals ==
[[File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws-02.png|200px|thumb|right| Thumb Screws]]
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Getting Started Guide IronOS firmware]
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil V1 Quick Start Guide]]
* [[:File:Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide.pdf|Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide]]


== Potential Watts of different Power Supplies ==
* Originals screws are Phillips ([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source]): two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the <code>'''[-]'''</code> minus button.
* The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter m2x 3mm.
* ''Thumb screws'' are popular upgrades: an ''M2 x 4mm'' thumb screw could replace both the front screen-side Tip holder screw and the ground screw in the rear of the handle.
* It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip is a hair ''too short'', and just grazes the Tip and the longer ''m2 x 4mm is better on top''.
* [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256803069568247.html Stainless Steel, smaller thumb screw, get M2x4mm]
* [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/3256804077282767.html Black, smaller thumb screw get M2x4mm]
* Wider head [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256801293488521.html (1) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255799966445780.html (2) Thumb screw]
* Many Assorted [https://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20220817084841&isPremium=y&SearchText=thumb+screw+m2+stainless+steel+4mm M2x4mm screw Options]


{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
{{Info| If the screw is too long ([https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256804364574103.html i.e., 5mm]) a metal file can be used lightly to shorten it a small amount. Stainless steel is recommended as the softer aluminum screws could mushroom as you tighten down the tip screw too much or over time.}}
! Type !! Volts !! / !! Tip Ω !! = !! Amps !! * !! Volts !! = !! Watts


|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
* If you just want to swap out the stock Phillips screws for Hex key/Allen type get (2) m2x4mm & (1) m2x3mm:
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 2.5A || * || 20V || = || '''50W'''
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2261799962114486.html (1) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255800794906149.html (2) Hex socket screw] and [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/2261799953187569.html (3) Hex cap screw]
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.2A || * || 20V || = || '''64W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.0A || * || 24V || = || '''72W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.8A || * || 24V || = || '''92W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.5A || * || 28V || = || '''98W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 4.5A || * || 28V || = || '''126W'''
|-
|}


{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
== Manuals ==
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *V2 models tentatively support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables. PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W.
|}


* Ralim's IronOS firmware supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
* Navigate the Pinecil menus: [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ Guide here].
* EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil V1 Quick Start Guide]]
* EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices, so EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''QC''' is '''not recommended''' as Pinecil V2 requires a '''<i>minimum of 3 Amps</i>''' or more to work properly ([https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron/ see Pine Store Official rating] on power ports). Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to ['''Thermal Runaway'''] messages because of weak power.
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''[https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables]'''
|}
 
== Disassembly steps ==
 
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aK01V5DrrVk Video of Alternate Method for opening Pinecil here.]'''
|}
 
# It is recommended to take photos to help with reassembly.
# Loosen the top tip screw (PH1) (top is the side with the screen).
# Gently pull the tip out and set aside (let the tip cool down first or use protection to prevent burns).
# Slide the rubber thumb grip off the front.
# Remove the bottom-front screw (between the bottom feet (PH1)).
# Remove the ground screw (longer m2x4mm screw next to the screen near the (-) button (PH1)).
# Slightly pull the two halves of the case apart at the tip front end first, enough to get a fingernail or guitar pick between 2 parts.
# Move the pick down the length of the split to loosen the bottom half's clips from the top half of the case.
# Once loose, remove the bottom half by sliding it a little forward (it is retained by the top half at the DC barrel side).
# Remove the screws retaining the copper tip contacts (PH000, M1.4 x 5).
# Remove the copper tip contacts (note the orientation of the contacts & tiny tab hole).
# Lift the PCB gently up from Tip end.
# Remove the round copper contact under the PCB, near the tip end of the handle (this is installed first before the PCB).
# Remove the two small buttons so they do not get lost.
 
== Assembly steps ==
 
# Place the key caps into their recesses in the top half of the case.
# Install the round copper ground contact at the tip end before installing the PCB.
# Place the PCB assembly into handle at an angle, DC barrel end goes in first.
## Lower the rest of the board into the case and align the PCB with the 2 contact screw holes.
# Install the two copper tip contacts (note the small tab on the contact and the small hole in the PCB for it).
## Orient the contact to align the alignment pin with the alignment hole next to the big hole on one of the big gold pads.
## Install and gently tighten the PH000 screw until the clip is no longer loose.
# Place the bottom half of the case into the top half by sliding the lip on the port side (side without the feet) of the bottom half under the arch of the port side of the top half.
# Gently close the case by bringing the two halves together, paying attention to each clip's alignment and ensuring the case edges align.
# Install the short PH1 screw at the bottom of the tip side of the case.
# Install the longer PH1 screw at the ground connection point at the top side of the case (between the display and the ports).
# Slide the rubber sleeve on (larger ridge first).
# Gently insert tip.
# Gently tighten the top PH1 screw to retain the tip.


== Pictures ==
== Pictures ==


Pre-release:
Pre-release:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:Pinecil_Exploded_Diagram_ver_0.9.png|Pinecil renders|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil_Exploded_Diagram_ver_0.9.png|Pinecil renders|alt=alt language
Line 347: Line 394:


Production:
Production:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-V2-box-1024x1024.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2 and ST-B2 short tip retail package], sold after Aug. 2, 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-V2-box-1024x1024.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2 and ST-B2 short tip retail package], sold after Aug. 2, 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecilv2-2.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2, side view]
File:Pinecilv2-2.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2, side view]
File:Pinecil-V2-dissasebled.jpg|Pinecil V2 disassembled with new teal silicone grip, newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-V2-dissasebled.jpg|Pinecil V2 disassembled, newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Clear-Case1.png| Clear handle with transparent rubber finger grip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Clear-Case1.png| Transparent handle|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Contact2.png|[https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Replacement internal contacts] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Contact2.png|[https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Replacement internal contacts] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-bb2-01.jpg|Original Pinecil V1 and TS-B2 retail package, discontinued July 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-bb2-01.jpg|Original Pinecil V1 and TS-B2 retail package, discontinued July 2022|alt=alt language
</gallery>
Cartridge/Tips:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-Short-Tip-SetFine-1.jpeg| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-short-tip-set-fine/ Short Tips, Fine Set] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Short-Tip-SetGross-1.jpeg| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-short-tip-set-gross/ Short Tips, Gross Set] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Tip-SetFine-1.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-tip-set-fine/ Normal Tips, Fine Set] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Tip-SetGross-1.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-tip-set-gross/ Normal Tips, Gross Set] |alt=alt language
</gallery>
</gallery>


PCB:
PCB:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:PCP-Top-side-screen.jpg|Pinecil PCB screen side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
File:PCP-Top-side-screen.jpg|Pinecil PCB screen side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
Line 363: Line 421:


Accessories:
Accessories:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png|V1 and V2 with Thumb screws |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png|Thumb screws on V1 & V2 |alt=alt language
</gallery>
</gallery>


== Pinecil tips ==
== Pinecil Breakout board ==
* Uses TS-100 (8 ohm) compatible tips and ST Short Tips (6.2 ohm)
* Every tip contains a thermocouple; when you replace the tip, you get a brand new thermocouple.
* Pinecil V2 includes a new Pine64 designed tip, ST-B2 Short tip. The discontinued V1 came with a TS-B2 tip.
* '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7NUi88Lxi8 How do Thermocouples work?]'''
* '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Temperature.md How is Tip Temperature measured in the firmware?]'''
* '''[http://www.minidso.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1110 What does the inside of the tip look like?]'''


The Pinecil Break out board has these features:


==== Sold at the Pine Store ====
* Connect to JTAG port or ADC/DAC, I2C, UART, SPI
* Fine Tip set 1 (left) & Gross (large) set 2 (right):<br/>
* Independent power regulator circuit
* Both sets are 8 ohm tips and are the standard length like other TS100 style tips
* Allows pass through power from USB-C charger to Pinecil.
[[File:PinecilTipSets.jpg|800px]]
* Get the [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Breakout Board here].
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]


Photos:


<gallery>
File:Pinecil breakout top.jpg|Top view
File:Pinecil breakout bottom.jpg|Bottom view
File:UART-pinecil-breakout-board-testing30.png| UART Debugging
</gallery>


* Pine64 Short tip is only 6.2 ohm for higher performance, 86mm length
== Pinecil Tips ==
* Recommend PD65W-20V or better PSU when using short tips).
See the [[Pinecil Tips]] article which includes these topics:
[[File:Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg| 200px]]


* Other Tips that are compatible with Pinecil
# [[Pinecil_Tips#What_kind_of_tips_work?|What kind of tips work?]]
[[File:TS100-Tip-Styles.png|375px]]
# [[Pinecil_Tips#How_to_increase_tip_life?|How to increase tip life?]]
# [[Pinecil_Tips#How_to_check_new_tips? | How to check new tips?]]
# [[Pinecil_Tips#How_does_the_tip_work?|How does the tip work?]]
# [[Pinecil_Tips#I._Short_tips|PINE64 Short tips]]
# [[Pinecil_Tips#II._Normal_tips|PINE64 Normal tips]]


'''Common resistance for tips, from top to bottom:'''
== Guides to Soldering & Maintenance ==


* Pine64 short tip 6.2 ohm, new
Check out the [[Pinecil Guides to Soldering]] article which includes the following topics:
* no brand long tip 7.9 ohm, new
* Miniware long tip 8.0 ohm, new
* no brand long tip 8.3 ohm, lightly used
[[File:TipResistance2.png|200px]]


* The shorter tip is designed for higher performance but requires more power (minimum usb-C PD65W, 20V, 3+amp charger recommended).
# [[Pinecil Guides to Soldering#General_soldering_guides|General soldering guides]]
* For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the max watt with a standard 8ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts ([https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/watt-volt-amp-calculator.html watts/volts calculator]).
# [[Pinecil Guides to Soldering#Does_solder_type_and_flux_matter?|Does solder type and flux matter?]]
# [[Pinecil_Guides_to_Soldering#How_to_keep_the_tip_clean?|How to keep the tip clean?]]
# [[Pinecil Guides to Soldering#What_temperature_should_I_use?|What temperature should I use?]]


== Guides for Soldering & Maintenance ==
== Cases, Stands, 3D models, Supplies ==


=== Guides to Soldering ===
See the article on [[Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies]] which includes:
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIT4ra6Mo0s&list=PL926EC0F1F93C1837 Pace Basic Soldering lesson 1]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW9Y8rDm4kE How to Solder SMD & Small Components - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.techspray.com/ultimate-guide-to-electronic-soldering Ultimate soldering guide]
* [https://www.reichelt.com/magazin/en/guide/switch-to-lead-free-solders-when-soldering-by-hand/ Switching to Lead-free solder]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8mVvI8YnCc Beginner's Guide to Soldering - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6PB0u8irn-4 Fine SMD Soldering]
* [https://mightyohm.com/files/soldercomic/FullSolderComic_EN.pdf Soldering Comic book]


=== Does Solder type and Flux matter? ===
# [[Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies#Cases and bags|Cases and bags]]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ku7I3hA3AA%7C Does Solder quality matter?]
# [[Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies#Holders and stands|Holders and stands]]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfIwHuGzUEk When to use Flux]
# [[Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies#3D models|3D models]]
# [[Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies#3D models|Soldering supplies]]


=== How do I keep the Tip Clean? ===
== Test, Repair, Issues ==
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JADI1N-K9Yc How to Clean Soldering Tips]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gq-q64ncivM Sodering Tip Maintenance]
* [https://www.eevblog.com/forum/beginners/best-way-to-clean-oxidized-soldering-iron-tip/ EEVblog, Caring for Tips]


=== What Temperature should I use? ===
* Most Pinecils work fine for years, but sometimes things happen and a little help is needed.
* Generally, add 120°C to the melting point listed on the solder label, and adjust up or down as needed for different tasks.
* Just want to open it to change to a shiny new handle?
* If there is no listed melting point, refer to google or a chart like below:
* See the '''[[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues| Test & Repair]]''' article which includes:
** [https://kb.hakkousa.com/Knowledgebase/10297/What-are-the-different-optimal-soldering-temperatures-for-soldering-with-tinlead-solder-and-lead-free-solder Melt Points for No-Lead & Leaded Solder]
** [https://www.kester.com/Portals/0/Documents/Knowledge%20Base/Alloy%20Temperature%20Chart.pdf Solder Temperature Chart]


== Cases and 3D Models ==
# [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Cautions|Cautions]] and [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Tools_needed|Tools needed]].
# [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Easy_trick_to_open_Pinecil|Easy trick to open Pinecil]], [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aK01V5DrrVk video here].
# How to [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Dismantle_steps|Dismantle]] and [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Assemble_steps|Assemble]].
# [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#FAQ| FAQ]]
#* [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Common_Fixes|Common Fixes]]
#* [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Common_Questions| Common Questions]]
# [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Schematics_and_Board_Data| Schematics]] and [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Datasheets_for_Components| Datasheets]] with links to parts.
# [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Pinecil_V1,_24V_Mod|Older Pinecil V1, 24V mod]]


* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4727212 Pinecil compact case]
== Schematics and Board Data ==
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4723235 Pinecil and tips case]
* [https://github.com/kohkohwastaken/3D-Models/tree/main/Pine64 3D model of Pinecil by kohkoh]
* [https://www.printables.com/model/97073-pinecil-mosfet-saver-for-t12-tips T12 tip adaptor to protect internal Mosfet in Pinecil]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4734830 T12 tip adapter for outside tip holding]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/search?q=pinecil Thingiverse search for 'Pinecil']
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:5186002 Multipart Pinecil Case by Pjotrke]


== Batch changes ==
Go to the section on [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Schematics_and_Board_Data| Schematics and Board Data here]].


==== V2 ====
== Datasheets for Components ==
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a teal color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.


* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); so future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
Go to the [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Datasheets_for_Components|Datasheets section here]] which includes:


* Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear/black/red cases.
# Pinecil [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Pinecil_V2_datasheets| V2 datasheets]].
# Pinecil [[Pinecil:_Test,_Repair,_Issues#Pinecil_V1_datasheets| V1 datasheets]].


* In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.
== Pinecil Certifications ==


==== V1 ====
Pinecil V2 Certifications:
* For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onwards, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. '''If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.'''


* Programmable with [https://doc.nucleisys.com/nuclei_sdk/design/soc/gd32vf103.html tools from Gigadevice]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20CE%20Certificate%20LCSA070722058E.pdf Pinecil V2 CE Certificate]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20FCC%20Certificate%20LCSA070722057E.pdf Pinecil V2 FCC Certificate]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20ROHS%20Report%20LCSA070722059R.pdf Pinecil V2 ROHS Report]
 
Pinecil V1 Certifications:
 
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20CE%20RED%20Certificate-S20102803801001.pdf Pinecil CE RED Certificate]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20FCC%20Certificate-S20102803802001.pdf Pinecil FCC Certificate]
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]


* The first batch of Pinecil's were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.
== History of Pinecil Changes ==


== Schematics, Board data, and Certifications ==
'''Pinecil V2'''


* '''Pinecil V2 mainboard schematic:'''
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accessories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing handles, cases, and tips. It comes with a green color silicone grip versus the light blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of PINE64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip length and resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (short tips are potentially 64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm normal tips which allow a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is ''officially'' rated for 12V-24V.
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 2.0 20220608, this is production version schematic]
* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V versus V1's 21V rating), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of GitHub/IronOS, BLE options will expand. There is also tentative support for USB-PD3.1 EPR (28V, 140W chargers), Ralim's IronOS supports V2 running with USB-C EPR-28V. EPR/PD3.1 is not officially acknowledged yet by the Pine Store. Many brands of EPR USB-C chargers are confirmed by members to work on Pinecil V2 at 28V and this results in faster heating performance over PD 20V chargers [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTC-ah4f0hg see short test here].
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_PCB_placement_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 2.0 PCB Component Placement PDF file]
* Things staying the same in V2: it still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, and compatibility with existing clear or black handles.
* In the V2 handle's side label, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.


* '''Pinecil V2 Certifications:'''
'''Pinecil V1'''
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20CE%20Certificate%20LCSA070722058E.pdf Pinecil V2 CE Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20FCC%20Certificate%20LCSA070722057E.pdf Pinecil V2 FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20ROHS%20Report%20LCSA070722059R.pdf Pinecil V2 ROHS Report]


* '''Pinecil V1 mainboard schematic''' (V1 was sold pre- Aug 2, 2022):
* For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onward, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. '''If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.'''
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v1.0a_20201120.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 1.0 20201120, this is production version schematic]
* Programmable with [https://doc.nucleisys.com/nuclei_sdk/design/soc/gd32vf103.html tools from Gigadevice]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top PDF file]
* The first batch of Pinecils were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom PDF file]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top Drawing file]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom Drawing file]


* '''Pinecil V1 Certifications:'''
== Pinecil in the Media ==
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20CE%20RED%20Certificate-S20102803801001.pdf Pinecil CE RED Certificate]
=== Humor ===
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20FCC%20Certificate-S20102803802001.pdf Pinecil FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]


* [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/xk9vxu/most_interesting_man_in_the_world_i_dont_always/ Most interesting man]
* Science Pinecil


* '''[https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board] schematic''':
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]
* Photos:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-breakout-board-02.jpg|Store photo
File:Science-pinecil-v2-01.png
File:Pinecil breakout top.jpg|Top view
File:Pinecil breakout bottom.jpg|Bottom view
</gallery>
</gallery>


== Datasheets for Components and Peripherals ==
=== Videos ===
=== Pinecil V2 ===


* USB-C PD Controller data:
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IZMUOik2dI V2 review, Aditya Mukherjee]
** [https://rocelec.widen.net/view/pdf/0av2cqef3a/FAIR-S-A0001311862-1.pdf?t.download=true&u=5oefqw FUSB302MPX, location U1]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YeKv0fwshFQ V2 review, Platima Tinkers]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/span-style-background-color-ff0-USB-span-ICs_onsemi-Fusb302mpx_C442699.html Replacement FUSB302MPX]
* [https://youtu.be/k-wo_al9QJU?t=61 V1 review, Adrian's Basement]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eme_AUayLp8 V1 review, Adam Welch]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQBL4aZkzo0 Custom made wood box]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEKx0nGIrIA Aluminum carry box]


* Power Regulators:
=== Pinecil V2 Articles ===
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/1912111437_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.pdf  LP 3986-33, Ultra-low noise LDO Regulator, location U5]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/Linear-Voltage-Regulators-LDO_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.html  Replacement LP 3986-33]
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/2108072230_TECH-PUBLIC-TP6841S6_C2844736.pdf TP6841S6 40V Step-Down Buck Converter, location U8]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/DC-DC-Converters_TECH-PUBLIC-TP6841S6-A_C2844924.html Replacement TP6841S6-A]


* Sensor data:
* [https://thepotato.tech/posts/smarthome-soldering-iron-pinecil-homeassistant-esphome/ Smart Soldering Iron, Got Bluetooth?]
** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Attitude-Sensor-Gyroscope_Hangzhou-Silan-Microelectronics-SC7A20TR_C5126709.html SC7A20, Acceleration/Gyroscope sensor, Silan, location U9]
* [https://hackaday.com/2023/01/31/all-about-usb-c-pinecil-soldering-iron How Pinecil Integrates Newest USB-C Protocols]
** [https://media.digikey.com/pdf/Data%20Sheets/TDK%20PDFs/NTCG163JF103FTDS_Spec.pdf NTC Temperature Sensor, location NTC1 (U10 will be empty if NTC is used)]
* [https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/pinecil-v2 Tom's Hardware review]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/span-style-background-color-ff0-NTC-span-Thermistors_TDK-NTCG163JF103FTDS_C435270.html Replacement NTCG163JF103FTDS]
* [https://www.cnx-software.com/2022/07/29/pinecil-v2-soldering-iron-gets-bl706-bluetooth-le-risc-v-mcu-usb-pd-epr-support/ CNX Software review]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor Si7210-B-00-IV(R), by Silicon Labs, Optional add-on, location U14]
* [https://www.sk.rs/arhiva/clanak/32213/pine64-pinecil-v2-sitna-ali-dinamitna Svet Kompjutera review] (in Serbian)
*** [https://www.silabs.com/documents/public/application-notes/an1018-si72xx-sensors.pdf How magnets work near Hall Sensor Si7210]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Position-Sensor_SILICON-LABS-SI7210-B-00-IVR_C2654956.html Get it here]


* Power MOSFET Switch:
=== Pinecil V1 Reviews ===
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/2105241831_HUASHUO-HSM4313_C2828487.pdf HSM4313 MOSFET, location U13]
** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/MOSFETs_HUASHUO-HSM4313_C2828487.html Replacement HSM4313]


* Operational Amplifier:
* [https://hackspace.raspberrypi.com/articles/pinecil-soldering-iron-review Hackspace review]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGM8557-1,SGMicro , Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet, location U11]
* [https://hackaday.com/2021/01/05/review-pine64-pinecil-soldering-iron/ Hackaday review]


* Display Screen OLED:
=== Pinecils in the Field ===
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/1810010328_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.pdf QUG-9616TSWCG02 Display OLED Datasheet]
** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/OLED-Displays-Modules_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.html Replacement QUG-9616TSWCG02 OLED Display]
 
* MCU: Bouffalo Labs, BL-706_QFN48, RISC-V + 2.4 GHz RF SoC Information:
** [https://lupyuen.github.io/articles/bl706 BL706 Analysis by Lupyuen, includes datasheet, location U15]
** [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk SDK and Bouffalo documents]
*** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/1912111437_TAE-Zhejiang-Abel-Elec-TAXM32M4ZFBCCT2T_C388797.pdf SMD Resonator 32MHZ/12PF-10PPM, SMD2016-4P, location UX1]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Crystals_TAE-Zhejiang-Abel-Elec-TAXM32M4ZFBCCT2T_C388797.html Replacement SMD Resonator 32MHz/12PF-10PPM]
 
=== Pinecil V1 ===
* GigaDevice RISC-V SoC data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_Datasheet_Rev%201.1.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Datasheet V1.1]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_User_Manual_EN_V1.2.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Usermanual V1.2]
* Sensor data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/BMA223-Bosch.pdf Bosch BMA223 Acceleration Sensor Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/TMP35_36_37.pdf Analog Device TMP36 Temparature Sensor Datasheet (U10)]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor (Si7210-B-00-IV by Silicon Labs), Optional add-on at U14 location]
* Display Module data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/1810010328_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.pdf QUG 9616TSWCG02 Display Module Datasheet]
* USB Type-C PD Controller data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/FUSB302-D.PDF ON Semiconductor FUSB302 USB Type-C PD Controller Datasheet]
* Power Regulator data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/RT7272B-05.pdf Ricktek RT7272B 3A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on mainboard]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/LP6498B6F.pdf LowPowerSemi LP6498B6F 1.2A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on breakout board]
* Power MOSFET Switch data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/Changjiang-Electronics-Tech-CJ-CJQ7328.pdf Chang Jiang CJQ7328 8A MOSFET Datasheet]
* OP Amp information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGMicro SGM8557-1 Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet]


== Pinecil in Media ==
* [https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/task-force-99-is-small-agile-and-laser-focused-on-its-own-backyard Pinecils in the field]
* [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/xk9vxu/most_interesting_man_in_the_world_i_dont_always/ Pinecil Humor]
* [https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/pinecil-v2  Tomshardware Review]


[[Category:Pinecil]]
[[Category:Pinecil]]

Latest revision as of 18:24, 28 October 2023

Pinecil is a portable soldering iron with computer controlled temperature, sleep modes, motion detection, and allows many options for power from AC supplies (USB-C, DC Barrel) to external tool/LiPo batteries. You may already have a power supply that works. It also has the intended use of being a RISC-V development device using a breakout board. The Pinecil has evolved over the years from a 60W device into the latest rendition, the V2, which supports 24V/88W and includes the new PINE64 designed shorter tip.

Note: Other irons only care if they can solder. The Pinecil is held to an additional standard; how well can it meet the needs of the open source community as a RISC-V development tool. It includes hardware features not found on other soldering irons such as BLE Bluetooth in the V2 in order to support FOSS community feature requests for both fun and science.

Pinecil GraphicGreenRISCV.png

Pinecil V2, launched Aug 2, 2022
Pinecil V2, side view

Main features

  • Portability and Temperature control
  • Soldering tips:
  1. Replaceable and low cost
  2. Many styles: currently sold as 4-packs, one fine set, the other larger.
  3. Compatible with other ts100 tips.
  • Multiple power sources will work for more flexibility:
  1. USB-C PD (power delivery), minimum 3 Amps, 12V.
  2. DC 5525 Barrel jack charger, minimum 3 Amps, 12V.
  3. Battery: connect to 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries or 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries.

Additional features (useful for devkit):

  • Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
  • V2 model allows BLE Bluetooth control because of the switch to the Bouffalo BL706 MCU.
  • 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
  • Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
  • Programmable with tools from Bouffalo Labs, HomeBrew or Linux RISC-V.

Authenticity

There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manufacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as PINE64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine new PINE64 Pinecil only comes in a black handle color with a green silicone thumb grip. The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.

The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2 model) comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).

Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker

Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number. This allows people to check if the Pinecil V2 is Authentic. To be more sure, update to the newest stable Ralim's IronOS and check again, see Firmware & Updates.

Where to buy a Pinecil

PINE64 Official Stores

PINE64 EU

Affiliates

Why buy from a legitimate seller?

The PINE64 Mission is to get hardware into the hands of open source developers and tinkerers. Buying authentic Pinecils supports that mission (see this article).

In July 2022, all final stock sold out of Pinecil V1 (GD32VF103 mcu) at the Pine Store & all legit resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a light blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue Pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).

Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in the Picture section). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official GitHub IronOS firmware, will successfully pass the Authenticiy Checker website. If a new Pinecil (post Aug. 1, 2022) does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake copy. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the Certifications section. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.

Shipping & Tracking

See the Shipping and Tracking article, which includes:

  1. How does it work?
  2. Courier options
  3. Tracking
  4. Why doesn't Pine store ship to my country?

Usage

Overview

Prep Tasks

Clean new cartridges/tips with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) to remove factory residue before installing (even if it looks clean). If you have no IPA, at least try a paper towel, especially clean the white end with the two silver electric contacts (do not use water; it could get into the seam line on the white end). This resolves issues with jumping temperatures or random no-tip symbol from poor electric contact.

Do not try to bend the two internal contacts, they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).

1. Install the tip: The Pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.

  1. Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push the tip all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic (see photo).
  2. Gently tighten or loosen this screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
  3. The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together (see Fasteners).
  4. Always unplug before swapping tips if you have multiple tips.

2. Supply power: the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.

  1. USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows DC Low, this is enough for firmware updates and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
  2. See Power section for details on power options. QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak

3. Heat the tip: plug Pinecil into an appropriate power supply.

  1. Clicking [+] starts the tip heating.
  2. The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and time until sleep mode starts.
  3. Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of [+] and [-] buttons.
  4. Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down [-] for a moment to turn the heat off.
  5. You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see GitHub IronOS for details on firmware settings).

4. Using the Settings Menu:

  1. To check the firmware version, hold down the [-] button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22". This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
  2. Clicking [-] when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see Getting started with menus section.
  3. Clicking [-] also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
  4. Click [-] to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then click [+] button to change various internal settings. Then click [-] again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.

5. Important notes:

  1. The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
  2. Calibration of the Tip temperature is usually not necessary and should only be done if the tip is off by +/- 5 °C or temperature is behaving oddly. See instructions to calibrate the tip in the firmware on GitHub IronOS.
  3. For Safety, unplug the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
  4. To heat up the tip, we need a power supply that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended (see Pinecil Power Supplies).
    1. Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For good performance and soldering experience, a USB-C PD65W, 20V, 3+ A charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
    2. Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector (+ pos center, - neg outside) that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
    3. Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adapter, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
    4. You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see Pinecil Power Supplies).
    5. While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V USB-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
    6. See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.

Getting Started with the Menu

  1. Getting Started Guide in GitHub/IronOS
  2. Main Settings Menu: updated list is found in the firmware repository Settings Menu
    • Power settings: settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
    • Soldering settings: settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
    • Sleep mode: power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
    • User interface: settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
    • Advanced settings: assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major firmware update as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.
  3. Hidden Debug Menus: also available, see GitHub/IronOS

Optional Advanced Modifications

  1. Hall Effect Sensor: add a sensor that activates with a magnet to put the Pinecil to sleep when it enters a holder or stand.
  2. Thumb Screws: switch tiny tip holder screw to an easy to use thumb screw.
  3. LED light ring install: add a PCB light ring to Pinecil. Video of the process
  4. LED light install: add two LEDs to Pinecil.
  5. RGB internal LED - pink and blue LEDs.

Live Community Chat

  • Need troubleshooting advice for the PINE64 Pinecil soldering iron? Join through one of the community chat links below.
  • Protocol Droid bot: the live chat is bridged to Discord, Telegram, Matrix and IRC. Those bridges will not have all the features available within all platforms, but the chat is relayed between all four by a bot named "Protocol Droid".
  • Live chat has volunteer members that are not paid PINE64 employees, but occasionally get official information.
  • The Pinecil channel is the most popular for questions and troubleshooting such as help installing Firmware or use of Tips (and where most people discuss Pinecil/soldering). The pinecil-dev channel is a more limited chat for developers working on software/firmware such as IronOS or the new BLE Bluetooth apps.
  1. Discord
  2. Telegram
  3. Matrix

Firmware & Updates

Pinecil is designed to use only 1 power port at any time. Only the USB-C cable should be plugged in during firmware updates. Never attempt to use both rear ports at the same time or the PC and Pinecil will be damaged.

See the Pinecil Firmware article for instructions on how to update Pinecil, this includes:

  1. Overview
  2. Flash Mode
  3. Update V2: Windows
  4. Update V2: Linux and Mac
  5. Bluetooth (BLE) for V2
  6. Troubleshoot V2 Flashing
  7. Build the Blisp Flasher from Code
  8. Update V1
  9. General Firmware Details
  10. Boot Logo Art
  11. Problems with IronOS firmware? Read documents here. If the answer is not found, open a ticket here or join the live Pinecil community chat.

Development Projects

Author Project Homepage Description Supported
Ben Brown (ralimtek) Ralim's IronOS Official Pinecil firmware BL706, GD32VF103TB, Stm32f103
Marek Kraus gamiee/gamelaster Blisp V2 Flasher CLI Updater for Pinecil V2, BL70x MCU Windows, Linux, Mac
Marek Kraus gamiee/gamelaster Pinecil V1 Flasher Pinecil V1 GUI Updater Windows, Mac
Arkaitz Goni Hedger spagett1 PineFlash Pinecil V1 GUI Updater Linux, Mac
Builder555 BLE PineSAM Bluetooth LE Settings & temperature control from any browser Cross-platform, runs local script to control Pinecil from PC or phone.
Joric (iamjoric) BLE browser API Bluetooth LE Graph Windows, Linux, Android browsers that support BLE GATT
Tom W (TomW1605) & ithinkido BLE V2 + ESP32 Bluetooth LE V2 data => ESP32 BLE+Wifi => Home Assist display Cross Platform
Bouffalo Lab B-Lab Dev Cube MCU vendor GUI for Dev BL70x, BL60x, others (does not work for Pinecil V2)
Alvin Wong Rust code on GD32VF103 Rust code demos for Pinecil V1 GD32VF103TB
Note: Bluetooth (BLE) apps require upgrading Pinecil V2 to IronOS 2.21 or newer firmware here.

Power Supplies and Watts

Generally, a higher power charger is better; a 20V power supply will give better performance than a 15V charger. The Pinecil needs a minimum of 3 amps and will work with higher amps charger. However, do not exceed the volts rating for V1 and V2 models or damage to components could occur (see the side of the Pinecil handle for the maximum volts).

Power Chart

Type Volts / Tip Ω = Amps * Volts = Watts
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 8.0 Ω = 2.5A * 20V = 50W
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 6.2 Ω = 3.2A * 20V = 64W
DC Barrel 24V / 8.0 Ω = 3.0A * 24V = 72W
DC Barrel 24V / 6.2 Ω = 3.8A * 24V = 92W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 8.0 Ω = 3.5A * 28V = 98W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 6.2 Ω = 4.5A * 28V = 126W

Power Notes

  • PINE64 officially states the Pinecil V2 will support up to 24V-88W. Tentatively, the V2 also unofficially supports 28V-140W EPR/PD3.1 USB-C chargers with certified EPR 240W USB-C cables.
  • Maximum recommended DC barrel power is 24V-5A on V2 (21v on V1). This allows headroom for higher spikes that happen in DC bricks or off-brand bench supplies. It is not a smart charger like a USB-C charger which uses chips to negotiate with devices like the Pinecil. People have blown MOSFET and buck converters experimenting with higher than 24V DC barrel bricks (especially the cheap "universal" no-name types).
  • Ralim's IronOS firmware includes the PD3.1 protocol (which allows the use of EPR 28V-140W chargers) on Pinecil V2.
  • EPR 28V USB-C is new to the market in 2022. The first wave of these smart chargers are 28V/140W, are more expensive, and require a PD 3.1/240W cable to fully allow the 28V power to V2 (28V seen on screen if correct cable is used).
  • EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices. EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else USB-C as well.
  • Pinecil is not a USB-C tester: when the detailed screen is enabled on Pinecil, note it shows estimates and are at best +-10%. The watts shown on detailed mode are a big picture number for convenience and debugging various chargers used. It is not going to be as accurate as an external tester. Use external metering for comparisons or testing (external testers also cause a small reduction in Watts).

QC Chargers

Many Quick Charge or QC3 phone chargers are not recommended as Pinecil V2 is rated for a minimum of 3 Amps or more to work properly (see Pine Store Official rating on power ports). Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to Thermal Runaway or Undervoltage messages because of weak power (older QC2 type is not supported in the IronOS firmware at all).

Compatible Power Supplies

Go to the Pinecil Power Supplies article for details on how to select a charger, hook up a battery, and a list of compatible power supplies and cables.

Checklist

Prep tasks:

  1. Clean new cartridges/tips with 99% isopropyl alcohol (IPA) to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor electric contact). If you have none, try to at least wipe down the new cartridge with a clean towel especially the 2 contacts at the rear white end (do not use water, as it could get into the small white seam line).
  2. Do not bend the two tiny internal contacts, they are thin spring metal and may break.
  3. Only use one port, USB-C or the DC barrel, but Never both at the same time. Damage will occur to PC/ Laptop/ Pinecil!
  4. If using a DC barrel brick for power, do not use more than 24V for Pinecil V2 and not more than 21V for Pinecil V1 (a special end-user modification is possible for V1 which allows it to use up to 24V safely.

Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:

  1. The display turns on when 5-21V is supplied (V2 models can do 24V).
    • Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 center positive barrel (how to check polarity)
    • Use the video linked to make sure the DC barrel charger is Center Positive before plugging it into Pinecil. Several users have accidentally plugged incorrect center-negative chargers into Pinecil which immediately breaks it because it is the wrong type of charger (this is sometimes repairable, see live community chat).
    • Note that 5v shows DC low and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
  2. It gets full power.
    • 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
    • Check both orientations of the USB-C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work).
  3. Check for new firmware updates, see the Firmware section.
    • Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in at a time. You could damage/break the PC and Pinecil doing this.
    • V1 and V2 used different flasher apps to load firmware onto the Pinecil, see the Firmware section.
    • Updating firmware requires a data capable USB cable connected to a PC/laptop.
  4. Check that both buttons work
    • [-] to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press [-] to get the software version info or to turn off heating
    • [+] to turn on heating or select a menu item
  5. The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
  6. Check that all 3 external screws are present
    1. One near the back of the screen (ground screw for optional ground wire)
    2. One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
    3. One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together, does not touch the tip)
  7. Check that the tip is clean & wipe it down with a dry towel or IPA (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture).
    • Some tips come pre-dipped in solder for protection and may look odd. Heat them up then wipe clean on a soldering sponge or brass wool and inspect.
    • Heat up the tips a few times to 350°C for a couple minutes to check that they are working and melting solder.
    • See Pinecil Tips and Guides to Soldering & Maintenance for soldering advice.
    • Re-tin the tip before storing is advised to prevent oxidation.
  8. Check that it heats up with an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point.
    • This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the power supply can provide a minimum of 3amps or more.
    • Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up higher without user input and check with the live volunteer Pinecil channel.
  9. Do a simple test is to see if the iron will melt solder at approximately the expected temperature for the alloy of solder being tested.
    • If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded). This may be more if the room is cold.
  10. If there are multiple tips, wipe all of them with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) or a dry clean towel and check that they all heat up.
  11. If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen facing the side or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel instead of wobbling on the stub of the small screw.

Specifications

Pinecil V2

  • Package: 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 28g with solder tip, 18g without solder tip
  • Soldering Tip: includes type ST-B2 (short tip), Length 86mm, weight 8.2g
  • Platform: Ralim's IronOS build
  • Display: OLED White Color Monochrome Display 0.69" 96x16 pixels
  • Chipset: Bouffalo BL-706
  • CPU: 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 192KB Internal ROM
    • 132KB SRAM
    • 1KB eFuse (stores things like boot settings, MAC address, etc.)
  • Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):
    • Only use one power port at a time (USB or DC barrel)
    • USB type C: PD 12V-20V 3A and QC 3.0 12V-20V 3A (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, minimum 3amps.
    • Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will BREAK the connector (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
    • Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and IronOS firmware.
      • EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
      • Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
      • EPR is potentially the fastest/highest performance possible for V2; officially Pine Store states 12V-24V, 88W.

Pinecil V1

  • Package: 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 30g with solder tip, 20g without solder tip
  • Display: 0.67" QUG 9616TSWCG02 96x16 Monochrome Matrix display
  • CPU: GD32VF103TB 32-bit RV32IMAC RISC-V “Bumblebee Core” @ 108 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 128KB Flash
    • 32KB SRAM
  • Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):
    • Only use one power port at a time (USB or DC barrel)
    • DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will BREAK the connector.
    • USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised

Fasteners/Screws

Thumb Screws
  • Originals screws are Phillips (source): two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the [-] minus button.
  • The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter m2x 3mm.
  • Thumb screws are popular upgrades: an M2 x 4mm thumb screw could replace both the front screen-side Tip holder screw and the ground screw in the rear of the handle.
  • It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip is a hair too short, and just grazes the Tip and the longer m2 x 4mm is better on top.
  • Stainless Steel, smaller thumb screw, get M2x4mm
  • Black, smaller thumb screw get M2x4mm
  • Wider head (1) Thumb screw, (2) Thumb screw
  • Many Assorted M2x4mm screw Options
Note: If the screw is too long (i.e., 5mm) a metal file can be used lightly to shorten it a small amount. Stainless steel is recommended as the softer aluminum screws could mushroom as you tighten down the tip screw too much or over time.

Manuals

Pictures

Pre-release:

Production:

Cartridge/Tips:

PCB:

Accessories:

Pinecil Breakout board

The Pinecil Break out board has these features:

Photos:

Pinecil Tips

See the Pinecil Tips article which includes these topics:

  1. What kind of tips work?
  2. How to increase tip life?
  3. How to check new tips?
  4. How does the tip work?
  5. PINE64 Short tips
  6. PINE64 Normal tips

Guides to Soldering & Maintenance

Check out the Pinecil Guides to Soldering article which includes the following topics:

  1. General soldering guides
  2. Does solder type and flux matter?
  3. How to keep the tip clean?
  4. What temperature should I use?

Cases, Stands, 3D models, Supplies

See the article on Pinecil Cases, Stands, Supplies which includes:

  1. Cases and bags
  2. Holders and stands
  3. 3D models
  4. Soldering supplies

Test, Repair, Issues

  • Most Pinecils work fine for years, but sometimes things happen and a little help is needed.
  • Just want to open it to change to a shiny new handle?
  • See the Test & Repair article which includes:
  1. Cautions and Tools needed.
  2. Easy trick to open Pinecil, video here.
  3. How to Dismantle and Assemble.
  4. FAQ
  5. Schematics and Datasheets with links to parts.
  6. Older Pinecil V1, 24V mod

Schematics and Board Data

Go to the section on Schematics and Board Data here.

Datasheets for Components

Go to the Datasheets section here which includes:

  1. Pinecil V2 datasheets.
  2. Pinecil V1 datasheets.

Pinecil Certifications

Pinecil V2 Certifications:

Pinecil V1 Certifications:

History of Pinecil Changes

Pinecil V2

  • On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accessories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing handles, cases, and tips. It comes with a green color silicone grip versus the light blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of PINE64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip length and resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (short tips are potentially 64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm normal tips which allow a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is officially rated for 12V-24V.
  • Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V versus V1's 21V rating), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of GitHub/IronOS, BLE options will expand. There is also tentative support for USB-PD3.1 EPR (28V, 140W chargers), Ralim's IronOS supports V2 running with USB-C EPR-28V. EPR/PD3.1 is not officially acknowledged yet by the Pine Store. Many brands of EPR USB-C chargers are confirmed by members to work on Pinecil V2 at 28V and this results in faster heating performance over PD 20V chargers see short test here.
  • Things staying the same in V2: it still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, and compatibility with existing clear or black handles.
  • In the V2 handle's side label, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.

Pinecil V1

  • For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onward, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.
  • Programmable with tools from Gigadevice
  • The first batch of Pinecils were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.

Pinecil in the Media

Humor

Videos

Pinecil V2 Articles

Pinecil V1 Reviews

Pinecils in the Field