PineNote Development/Building Kernel
This page contains information on how to build a linux kernel for the PineNote.
Available Kernel Repositories
The following (incomplete?) PineNote-specific kernel repositories are available:
- https://github.com/m-weigand/linux/ (based mainly on the repository from smaeul, with additional patches pulled in from other sources, Debian packages available)
Building the kernel
After following Dorian's directions to get Arch installed you've seen someone playing DOOM and you want to learn how to get the features that enable that kind of performance. To get your PN running this smoothly, we'll need to build our own kernel. There are two kernel efforts underway right now:
- pgwipeout: https://gitlab.com/pgwipeout/linux-next
- smaeul: https://github.com/smaeul/linux/tree/rk35/pinenote-next
We'll be using smaeul's kernel + some additional patches provided by DorianRudolph, pgwipeout, Maximilian Weigand, occam_razor, and hrdl. Thanks so much to them, and all the other users who have worked on piecing together drivers, twiddling configs, answering questions, and sharing their work in other ways. Brava!
Perhaps the main component of the kernel is the DRM driver. You can read more about the driver by reading Smaeul's RFC.
A small warning
This guide is completely based off of the scripts provided by Maximilian. We'll be cloning and running them, but he owns them and he -- or others -- might change them. It's smart to have a look at what's going on, check when this page was last updated vs when his scripts were last updated, etc. Be nimble!
Additionally, as Maximilian warns here, these changes are all experimental and may damage your panel.
What you should have already done
It is assumed you've already got an operating system installed on your Pinenote other than the stock Android. Doing this isn't trivial, but it is well understood - you will be following the footsteps of many others. Dorian Rudolph made a guide for doing this, available here.
What do you need to know?
If you followed Dorian's guide to get here and felt semi-comfortable, you'll be fine. This is no more complicated than that. If you are intimidated, that's okay! I'll still encourage you to try :) you will learn a lot, just be patient and don't put any data on your PineNote that you wouldn't be okay losing. If you run into trouble, ask for help in the Discord/Matrix. Please try to solve problems on your own first, and then ask for help -- if nobody replies, please be patient and ask again soon.
Steps to build
1. Clone Maximilian's scripts:
$ git clone https://github.com/m-weigand/mw_pinenote_misc.git
2. Make a separate directory for patching the kernel. Then run Maximilian's clone_and_prepare_git.sh. This will clone smaeul's kernel and a number of patches. Read the script to see which patches it is using. Feel free to open the patches too -- it's helpful to get a slim idea of what's going on, if only looking at the commit messages in them:
$ cd ../ $ sh mw_pinenote_misc/custom_kernel/clone_and_prepare_git.sh
3. Compile the kernel:
$ sh ./mw_pinenote_misc/custom_kernel/compile.sh
4. Next we want to perform the work captured in install_to_pn.sh, but the work may vary slightly from person to person. As long as you put them somewhere and configure your extlinux.conf to point at it, things will be okay. Looking at install_to_pn.sh, we can see that there are three pieces to installing the kernel: the kernel image (called Image), the device tree (rk3566-pinenote-v1.2.dtb), and the modules. All of these files have been compiled and placed into the linux/pack folder. The easiest way to send these over is by using scp or rsync - read the script and decide how you would like to get your files in the correct location. You may need to install rsync on your PineNote if it doesn't already have it.
5. DTB was installed like this:
$ scp rk3566-pinenote-v1.2.dtb root@pinenote:/boot/dtbs/rockchip/
6. After installing the DTB as above, the file /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf may be updated to point to this new file
7. (Perhaps not necessary?) The last step is to generate a new initrd image (see Wikipedia for an explanation about initial ramdisk). This is done on the PineNote itself. Send Maximilian's installation script over and run it. Then place the generated image (from the last step of the shell script) into your boot partition and update extlinux.conf if needed to point at this new file.
$ scp initrd/gen_uboot_image.sh root@pinenote:/root # Do this part on local to put script on PN $ ssh root@pinenote # Or use UART, the dongle + picocom, and change to root $ cd /root $ ./gen_uboot_image.sh $ mv initrd.img /boot/initrd.img $ vim /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf # Update this to reference this new initrd image
8. At this point your kernel is in place! However, there are a few more steps you may need to complete to ensure the display and networking continue to work:
- For display, you may need to change /lib/firmware/waveform.bin to /lib/firmware/rockchip/ebc.wbf (TODO: is this a difference between PG and smaeul's kernel or a patch?)
- For networking, you may need to change /lib/firmware/pinenote.bin to /lib/firmware/pinenote-v1.2.bin
9. This part technically isn't kernel specific, but we need to install a patched version of Mesa. If you are running an Arch based system, you're in luck! occam_razor provides prebuilt patched packages (say that 5 times fast) here. Simply extract these files, send them to PN, and install them using the package manager. You can also patch it yourself by looking at Maximilian's compile_mesa.sh.
/etc/pacman.confto prevent them from being updated:
IgnorePkg = libva-mesa-driver mesa mesa-debug mesa-vdpau opencl-mesa vulkan-mesa-layers vulkan-broadcom vulkan-panfrost vulkan-radeon vulkan-swrast
10. To ensure the GPU stays on, we need to use Maximilian's mweigand_eglinfo.service. The Readme.md in that same directory has instructions for how to install this, but basically we need to copy it to /etc/systemd/system/, run
sudo systemctl daemon-reload to make sure systemd knows it exists, then execute
sudo systemctl enable mweigand_eglinfo.service.
Configuring the driver
The driver has several options that can improve performance. These can be read about here.
rockchip_ebc.bw_mode=1 rockchip_ebc.default_waveform=1 rockchip_ebc.refresh_threshold=30 rockchip_ebc.auto_refresh=1 may be used to make the image lower quality, but much faster to update. The auto_refresh setting is also essential to clear ghosting which will otherwise accrue on screen. The APPEND line in the extlinux.conf might be added to make sure they are applied on boot.
If you're using a logind system, edit your /etc/systemd/logind.conf config. More information on what to do in Arch's documentation.
Configuring your apps
See this page.
Booting Linux instead of Android
PineNote Development/Booting Linux