From PINE64
Revision as of 07:37, 17 August 2018 by Dukla2000 (talk | contribs) (→‎Switches: Recovery button explanation)
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The ROCKPro64 is the most powerful Single Board Computer released by Pine64. It is powered by a Rockchip RK3399 Hexa-Core (dual ARM Cortex A72 and quad ARM Cortex A53) 64-Bit Processor with MALI T-860 Quad-Core GPU. The ROCKPro64 is equipped with 2GB or 4GB LPDDR4 system memory and 128Mb SPI boot Flash. There is also an optional eMMC module (up to 128GB) and microSD slot for booting. The board is equipped with a PCIe x4 open ended slot, 1x USB 3.0 type C Host with DP 1.2, 1x USB 3.0 type A Host, 2x USB 2.0 Host, Gigabit Ethernet, PI-2 GPIO Bus, MiPi DSI interface, eDP interface, touch Panel interface, stereo MiPi CSI interface, as well as many other peripheral device interface such as UART, SPI, I2C, for makers to integrate with sensors and other peripherals. Various Operating System (OS) are made available by open source community such Android 7.1, Linux (Ubuntu, Debian, Arch) and many more to come.

ROCKPro64 Board layout

ROCKPro64 sideimg.png


A green LED next to the 12V input barrel connector will light as long as there is 12V applied to the connector. (Even if the RockPro64 is powered off.)

A white LED behind the reset button will light as long as the RockPro64 is running (it comes on a few seconds after power on, when control is passed to the operating system.)

A red LED behind the reset button comes on if there is an error condition.

Yellow and green LEDs on the LAN socket behave in a standard way.


The Power button: is the same as on your mobile phone - press and release after about 1 second to power on. Press and hold for about 3 seconds to power off.

The reset button: perfoms a reset.

The recover button: Ayufan has documented the usage here. Note the OTG port on your ROCKPro64 is the top USB2 socket.


4 pin DC IN: (behind 12V input barrel) 12V for SATA disk cable

2 pin fan: PWM controlled fan header

3 pin SPDIF:

2 pin RTC:


There is an unlabelled (on the PCB silk-screen) 2-pin jumper between the eMMC socket and the SPI chip. The default condition is OPEN (no jumper). It is useful for controlling the boot as follows:

Default boot device (with no SPI software) is eMMC, then SDcard. If both the eMMC and the SDcard contain bootable images then the eMMC can be disabled by installing the jumper. This completely removes the eMMC from the resulting OS. If you wish the eMMC to be visible in the booted OS the jumper should be removed 2 seconds after applying power (and before the white LED comes on).

ROCKPro64 Software Images

In the 'ROCKPro64 Software and OS Image Download Section' you will find a complete list of currently supported Operating System images that work with the ROCKPro64 as well as other related software.

Getting started - Android

Please see the NOOB page for detailed instructions to get your RockPro64 running Android.

Getting started - Linux

There are a couple of distribution options available:

Folks are working on getting Arch going here in the forum.

Please see the NOOB page for detailed instructions to get your RockPro64 running linux.

How to update your linux

For Debian/Ubuntu images apt-get update/upgrade will keep the distribution up to date.

Should also update Ayufan images to next release when available (modify /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ayufan-rock64.list if you want to pick up pre-releases)

Need to manually install pre-release kernel versions - best to use package manager (e.g. synaptic) (need to clarify this point)

More advanced linux bits

After you install an Ayufan image you will find some scripts in /usr/local/sbin/ that may be useful. (Need to expand this section)

Ayufan has some old documentation on video playback here. (Of course for RockPro64 you need midgard modules - this section to be updated.)

extlinux is in use on Ayufan images (at least) which enables some switching between installed kernel versions - intro documentation is here.

Forum member Bullet64 has documented how to move rootfs to an NVMe disk. This is useful until we get a full SPI option to boot from the NVMe.

Getting started - BSD

Instructions to get BSD on your ROCKPro64 are here.

Forum discussions are there.

More advanced bits related to any OS

The early adopers (and late-comers who fiddle excessively with their boards!) have a need to monitor the low-level boot behaviour: this is done with a serial console and there is a great description how to get this working specifically for your ROCKPro64 here.

Board Features

SoC and Memory Specification

  • Based on Rockchip RK3399

Rockchip RK3399.png

CPU Architecture

  • Dual-core Cortex-A72 up to 2.0GHz CPU
  • Quad-core Cortex-A53 up to 1.5GHz CPU
  • big.LITTLE architecture: Dual Cortex-A72 + Quad Cortex-A53, 64-bit CPU
  • Cortex-A72:
    • 1-4x Symmetrical Multiprocessing (SMP) within a single processor cluster, and multiple coherent SMP processor clusters through AMBA 5 CHI or AMBA 4 ACE technology
    • AArch64 for 64-bit support and new architectural features
    • L1 cache 48KB Icache and 32KB Dcache for each A72
    • L2 cache 1024KB for big cluster
    • DSP & SIMD extensions
    • VFPv4 floating point
    • Hardware virtualization support
  • Cortex A53:
    • L1 cache 32KB Icache and 32KB Dcache for each A53
    • L2 cache 512KB for little cluster
  • Full implementation of the ARM architecture v8-A instruction set
  • ARM Neon Advanced SIMD (single instruction, multiple data) support for accelerated media and signal processing computation
  • ARMv8 Cryptography Extensions
  • In-order pipeline with symmetric dual-issue of most instructions
  • Include VFP v3 hardware to support single and double-precision operations
  • TrustZone technology support
  • Full CoreSight debug solution
  • One isolated voltage domain to support DVFS

GPU Architecture

  • ARM Mali-T860MP4 Quad-core GPU
  • The highest performance GPUs built on Arm Mali’s famous Midgard architecture, the Mali-T860 GPU is designed for complex graphics use cases and provide stunning visuals for UHD content.
  • Frequency 650MHz
  • Throughput 1300Mtri/s, 10.4Gpix/s
  • OpenGL® ES 1.1, 1.2, 2.0, 3.1, 3.2., Vulkan 1.0*., OpenCL™ 1.1, 1.2., DirectX® 11 FL11_1., RenderScript™.

System Memory

  • LPDDR4 RAM Memory Variants: Dual Channels 2GB and 4GB.
  • Storage Memory: 128Mb built-in SPI Flash memory (as at August 2018 only support for USB boot).


  • Dual VOP: one supports 4096x2160 with AFBC supported;The other supports 2560x1600
  • Dual channel MIPI-DSI (4 lanes per channel)
  • eDP 1.3 (4 lanes with 10.8Gbps) to support display, with PSR
  • Digital Video port up to 4Kp60
  • DisplayPort 1.2 (4 lanes, up to 4K 60Hz)
  • Supports Rec.2020 and conversion to Rec.709


  • Digital Video output up to 4K@60Hz
  • 4K HDR @ 30fps
  • H.264/AVC Base/Main/High/High10 profile @ level 5.1; up to 4Kx2K @ 60fps
  • H.265/HEVC Main/Main10 profile @ level 5.1 High-tier; up to 4Kx2K @ 60fps
  • VP9, up to 4Kx2K @ 60fps
  • MPEG-1, ISO/IEC 11172-2, up to 1080P @ 60fps
  • MPEG-2, ISO/IEC 13818-2, SP@ML, MP@HL, up to 1080P @ 60fps
  • MPEG-4, ISO/IEC 14496-2, SP@L0-3, ASP@L0-5, up to 1080P @ 60fps
  • VC-1, SP@ML, MP@HL, AP@L0-3, up to 1080P @ 60fps
  • MVC is supported based on H.264 or H.265, up to 1080P @ 60fps


  • 3.5mm Phone Jack
  • Audio via HDMI


  • Dual mipi CSI,dual ISP,Maximum input resolution of 13M pixels


  • 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet
  • WiFi 802.11 ac/a/b/g/n with Bluetooth 4.01 (optional)


  • microSD - bootable, support SDHC and SDXC, storage up to 256GB
  • eMMC - bootable (optional eMMC Module)
  • 1 USB3.0 Host port
  • 1 USB type C OTG port with DP output
  • 2 USB2.0 Dedicated Host port (top one is USB-OTG)

Expansion Ports

  • 2x20 pins "Pi2" GPIO Header
  • PCIe 2.1 (4 full-duplex lanes with 20Gbps) x4 open ended port

ROCKPro64 Board Information, Schematics and Certifications

  • ROCKPro64 Certifications:
    • FCC, CE, and RoHS Certification in progress

Datasheets for Components and Peripherals

Other Resources