Difference between revisions of "Pinecil"

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[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|400px|thumb|right|'''Pinecil''' is a portable, temperature controlled soldering iron. It also has the intended use of being a Risc-V development device using a breakout board (V2 in Photo)]]
[[File:Pinecil GraphicOrange.png|500px]]


== Authenticity ==
{{Hint|'''Pinecil''' is a portable soldering iron with computer controlled temperature, sleep modes, motion detection, and multiple options for power from batteries to AC supplies (USB-C, DC Barrel). It also has the intended use of being a RISC-V development device using a [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pinecil_Breakout_board breakout board]. The Pinecil has evolved over the years from a 60W device into the latest rendition, [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Batch_changes the V2], which supports 24V/88W and includes the new Pine short tip.}}
{{Hint| Other irons only care if they can solder. The Pinecil is held to an additional standard; how well can it meet the needs of the open source community as a RISC-V development tool. It includes hardware features not found on other soldering irons in order to support FOSS community feature requests for both fun and science.}}
 
[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|300px|thumb|right| Pinecil V2, launched Aug 2, 2022]]
[[File:Pinecilv2-2-transparent-background.png|300px|thumb|right| Pinecil V2, side view]]


{{Sidebar|The Pinecil's main features are:
== Pinecil Soldering Iron: main features ==
* Portability
* Portability and Temperature control
* Settable temperature
* Soldering tips:
* Soldering tips:
** Replaceable
# Replaceable and low cost
** Many styles available. [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Currently sold] as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
# Many styles: [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Currently sold] as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
** Compatible with TS100
# Compatible with other ts100 tips.
* Flexible power sources:
* Flexible power sources:
** USB Type C power delivery
# USB-C PD (power delivery)
** DC 5525 Barrel jack
# DC 5525 Barrel jack
** Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries
# Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries
* Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see batch changes below.
* Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Batch_changes batch changes below].
** Board schematics are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** Board [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Schematics,_Board_data,_and_Certifications schematics] are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board]lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board] lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.


There are additional features that include (useful for devkit):
Additional features (useful for devkit):


* A Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
* Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
* 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
* Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
* Programmable with [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk tools from Bouffalo Labs], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].}}
* Programmable with [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk tools from Bouffalo Labs], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].
 
== Authenticity ==


There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip (sky blue V1, teal green V2). The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.
There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip. The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.


The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a teal green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).
The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pictures Pictures]), it has a black color handle with a green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).


=== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ===
=== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ===
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Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:
Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:


<code>'''[https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker]'''</code>
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"|
'''[https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker]'''
|}


=== Where to buy a Pinecil ===
== Where to buy a Pinecil ==


'''PINE64 Official Stores'''
'''PINE64 Official Stores'''
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Main global PINE64 store] (ships from China, carries full line of PINE64 products)
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Main global PINE64 store] (ships from China, exports only, Global, VAT not included).
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA, only has Pinecil)
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA, only has Pinecil V2)


'''PINE64 EU'''
'''PINE64 EU'''
* [https://pine64eu.com/about/ PINE64 EU store] (ships from EU)
* [https://pine64eu.com/about/ PINE64 EU store] (ships from EU, VAT+ 2-year warranty included per EU laws)


'''Official affiliates'''
'''Official affiliates'''
* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (ships from USA, offers pre-order)
* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (offers pre-order, USA/Global/Brazil)
* [https://Testclips.co.uk Testclips] (ships to GB)


'''Other sites selling real Pinecil'''
'''Other sites selling real Pinecil'''
* [https://eleshop.de/pinecil-smart-mini-tragbarer-lotkolben.html Eleshop.eu] (ships from EU, offers pre-order)
* [https://eleshop.de/pinecil-smart-mini-tragbarer-lotkolben.html Eleshop.eu] (ships from EU, offers pre-order, 2-year warranty included per EU laws). In Netherlands, use https://www.eleshop.nl/
* [https://testclips.co.uk/product-category/pinecil-pine64/ Testclips] (ships from UK)
* [https://keycapsss.com/accessories/227/pinecil-v2-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron Keycapsss] (ships from Germany to EU/AUS/Global)
* [https://www.ursele.com/contact  URS Electronics] (local counter sales only in Portland, Oregon, USA)
* [https://testclips.co.uk/product-category/pinecil-pine64/ Testclips] (ships to GB)
* [https://www.ursele.com/contact  URS Electronics] (local in-store sales only in Portland, Oregon, USA)
* [https://bitcompact.com/products/pinecil-v2 bitcompact] (ships from Canada, only has Pinecil V2)


{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"|
|  '''[https://forms.gle/ahKKMapCpHvLzZYX8 Please fill out this Survey on Pinecil Tips]'''
|}


In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).
In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).


Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pictures the Picture section]). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official Github IronOS firmware, will successfully pass the [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticiy Checker website]. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pinecil_board_information,_schematics_and_certifications Certifications section]. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.
Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pictures the Picture section]). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Github IronOS firmware], will successfully pass the [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticiy Checker website]. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pinecil_board_information,_schematics_and_certifications Certifications section]. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.


== Shipping & Tracking ==
== Shipping & Tracking ==
'''How does it work?'''
'''How does it work? (main Pine store info. below)'''
* '''Order Email''': when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
# '''Order Email''': when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
* '''Shipping Email''': after several more days, when the order is shipped, a '''second''' email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store').
# '''Shipping Email''': after several more days, when the order is shipped, a '''second''' email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store'). Pine does shipments in '''batches''', you get the tracking number faster or slower depending on when batch day is (up to 10 days). Pine Store is a small company.
* If you don't get the first email soon after placing the order,  then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
# If you don't get the first "order email" soon after placing the order,  then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
* Cheap shipping option: could take 3-7 weeks (a few reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
* Cheap shipping (~$12): could take 3-7 weeks (some reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
* Courier shipping: more expensive, takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
* Courier shipping: more expensive (~$30), takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
* [https://pine64.com/shipping-policy/ Pine Store shipping policy]
* [https://pine64.com/shipping-policy/ Pine Store shipping policy] (30-day warranty starts when Pinecil is delivered).
 
* Note: resellers operate independently from the main Pine Store. They are in different countries and set all of their own procedures, shipping costs and options. Get all reseller shipping details for each store from their specific websites/chat tools/email.


'''Tracking websites'''
'''Tracking'''
* The tracking number issued in the shipping email may not work for a couple days, just check again.
* https://parcelsapp.com/
* https://parcelsapp.com/
* https://www.17track.net/
* https://www.17track.net/
* The tracking number issued in the shipping email may not work for a couple days, just check again.
 
* If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it's a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred/complete".
* If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it is a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred/complete".


== Usage ==
== Usage ==
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{| class="wikitable"
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing.
| Wipe new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing. If you have none, try to wipe it down with a dry clean towel, especially the 2 contacts at the cold end (water is not recommended as it can get into the seam on the white end).
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Do not try to bend the two [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
| Do not try to bend the two [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
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## The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Fasteners see fasteners]).
## The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Fasteners see fasteners]).
# '''Supply Power''': the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
# '''Supply Power''': the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
## USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows '''DC Low''', this is enough for firmware updates and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
## USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows '''DC Low''', this is enough for [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started firmware updates] and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
## See Power section for details on power options. [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Potential_Watts_of_different_Power_Supplies QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak]
## See Power section for details on power options. [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Potential_Watts_of_different_Power_Supplies QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak]
# '''Heat the Tip''': plug Pinecil into an appropriate [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply].
# '''Heat the Tip''': plug Pinecil into an appropriate [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply].
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## Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of <code>'''[+]'''</code> and <code>'''[-]'''</code> buttons.
## Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of <code>'''[+]'''</code> and <code>'''[-]'''</code> buttons.
## Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> for a moment to turn the heat off.
## Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> for a moment to turn the heat off.
## You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see Github IronOS for details on firmware settings).
## You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Github IronOS for details on firmware] settings).
# '''Using the Settings Menu''':
# '''Using the Settings Menu''':
## To check the firmware version, hold down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
## To check the firmware version, hold down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
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# '''Important notes''':
# '''Important notes''':
## The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
## The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
## Calibration of the Tip temperature is usually not necessary and should only be done if the tip is off by +/- 5 °C or temperature is behaving oddly. See instructions to [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Menu/#calibrate-tip-cjc calibrate the tip in the firmware on Github IronOS.]
## '''For Safety, unplug''' the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
## '''For Safety, unplug''' the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
## To heat up the tip, we need a [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies see Power Supply page]).
## To heat up the tip, we need a [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies see Power Supply page]).
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=== Getting Started ===
=== Getting Started ===
* '''Getting Started''' guide in [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/GettingStarted.md Github/IronOS]
* '''Getting Started''' guide in [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ Github/IronOS]


* '''Main Settings Menu''': updated list is found in the firmware repository '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Settings.md IronOS Settings Menu]'''
* '''Main Settings Menu''': updated list is found in the firmware repository '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ Settings Menu]'''
** '''Power settings''': settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
** '''Power settings''': settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
** '''Soldering settings''': settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change  
** '''Soldering settings''': settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change  
** '''Sleep mode''': power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
** '''Sleep mode''': power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
** '''User interface''': settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
** '''User interface''': settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
** '''Advanced settings''': assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major firmware update as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.
** '''Advanced settings''': assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ firmware update] as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.


* '''Hidden Debug Menus''': [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/DebugMenu.md are also available, see Github/IronOS]
* '''Hidden Debug Menus''': also available [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/DebugMenu/ , see Github/IronOS]


=== Advanced Modifications ===
=== Advanced Modifications ===
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/HallSensor.md Installing Optional Hall Effect Sensor]
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/HallSensor.md Optional Hall Effect Sensor; how it works in the Firmware IronOS]
* [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=16989  Installing LED lights]
* [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=16989  Installing LED lights]


== Community links ==
 
* Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners or the PINE64 open source community?
[https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Hall_Effect_Sensor  How to Install it on Pinecil] Work-In-Progress. Photos, document, and possible video coming in the future.
 
== Community Chat links ==
* Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners in the PINE64 open source community?
* Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?
* Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?


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'''[https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]'''
'''[https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]'''
'''[https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]''' </code>
'''[https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]''' </code>
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"|
|  '''[https://forms.gle/ahKKMapCpHvLzZYX8 Please fill out this Survey on Pinecil Tips]'''
|}


== Firmware ==
== Firmware ==


The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS open source IronOS]. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.
The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ open source Ralim's IronOS]. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.
* Long hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> to see the version
 
=== Connect Pinecil V2/V1 to PC ===
* Connect V2/V1 to a laptop or PC for Flashing/Updating:
# Long hold the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button **before** plugging the usb-c cable in, keep holding down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> for ~15-20 seconds, then release the button.
# Screen should be blank/black which means you are in Flashing Mode (do not plug in the cable until you press & hold the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button down first).
 
=== Pinecil V2 ===
* V2, CLI [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/File:Blisp_Windows64.zip Windows Flasher here (temporary)]
# Extract the blisp zip. Run windows powershell as administrator, cd to the blisp folder.
# Get Pinecilv2.zip releases and beta firmware from [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS Ralim's IronOS]
# Currently, only 2.18 is official stock Release but does not work for several EPR chargers. This [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/actions/runs/3545583488 Beta works for EPR 140W chargers]. It also activates BLE Bluetooth for testing. Go to bottom of page, grab Pinecilv2.zip & extract it.
# Put Pinecilv2_EN.bin (English) file into the blisp folder (can delete te rest of the firmware Zip).
# Connect the V2 to the PC ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Connect_Pinecil_V2/V1_to_PC see above]). It will connect as a Serial COM device.
# Execute <code> .\blisp.exe write -c bl70x --reset .\Pinecilv2_EN.bin </code>
 
 
* V2, CLI [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/File:Blisp_Linux.tar.gz  Linux Flasher here (temporary)]
# Extract the Blisp and cd to the blisp folder.
# Get Pinecilv2.zip releases and beta firmware from [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS Ralim's IronOS]
# Currently, only 2.18 is official stock Release but does not work for several EPR chargers. This [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/actions/runs/3545583488 Beta works for EPR 140W chargers]. It also activates BLE Bluetooth for testing. Go to bottom of page, grab Pinecilv2.zip & extract it.
# Put Pinecilv2_EN.bin (English) file into the blisp folder (can delete te rest of the firmware Zip).
# Connect the V2 to the PC ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Connect_Pinecil_V2/V1_to_PC see above]). It will connect as a Serial COM device.
# <code> cd </code> to the blisp folder and execute blisp.
# <code> sudo ./blisp write -c bl70x --reset Pinecilv2_EN.bin </code>
 
 
* [https://github.com/pine64/blisp Flashers are from Gamiee's open source blisp flasher] for the Bouffalo BL706 in the V2. This is the Flasher only for BL706 MCU on Pinecil and not the firmware files which are in located in Github Ralim's IronOS.
* If you have issues completing the update, join the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Community_Chat_links Live Community Chat for Pine64 Pinecil].
* If the blisp flasher is not working, open a ticket here: <https://github.com/pine64/blisp/issues>
* If you are running Windows VM, & it fails, make sure you have MS "Visual C++ 2015-2022" installed.


* Hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> to see the firmware version
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/master/Documentation/Flashing.md#pinecil-pine64 Firmware update instructions]


* To explore documentation on Menu or settings, submit a feature request, or help Ralim enhance the code, see [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/tree/master/Documentation GitHub Ralim/IronOS]
=== Pinecil V1 ===
* V1, follow instructions on Github and use [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Flashing/Pinecil%20V1/ the Pine64 Easy Gui Updater, Windows/Mac]
* V1, for Linux, use command line DFU per [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Flashing/Pinecil%20V1/#bleeding-edge-latest Github IronOS instructions], or [https://github.com/Laar3/PineFlash use Pineflash Linux/Mac Gui]
 
=== General Firmware Details ===
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ Get the beta and release firmware from Github with update instructions]
* To submit a feature request, or help Ralim enhance the code, see [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Ralim's IronOS Issues]
* Ben (ralimtek) supports IronOS out of love for the IronOS creative open community. He volunteers countless hours coding, debugging, and enhancing IronOS with all the feature requests submitted.
* To give some love back, you could donate to IronOS; [https://ko-fi.com/ralim buy Ralim a coffee/kofi] or [https://www.paypal.com/paypalme/RalimTek donate here].


* One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.
* One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.


* See [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Community_links Community Chat Links] if you run into issues updating.
* Problems with IronOS  firmware? - read documents here. If the answer is not found, open ticket here:  <https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues>


== Development efforts ==
* See [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Community_links Pine64 Community Chat Links] or [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Github IronOS Issues] if you run into issues updating. There are knowledgeable volunteers in that the live chat.
 
== Development Projects ==


{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
Line 158: Line 225:


|-
|-
| Ben Brown (ralimtek) || '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/ Github Ralim/IronOS]''' || Official Pinecil firmware
| Ben Brown (ralimtek) || '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Ralim's IronOS]''' || Official Pinecil firmware
|-
| Marek Kraus (gamiee) || '''[https://github.com/pine64/blisp Pinecil V2 Flasher]''' || Windows & Linux CLI Updater for BL70x
|-
| Marek Kraus (gamiee) || '''[https://github.com/pine64/pine64_updater Pinecil V1 Flasher]''' || Windows & Mac GUI Updater
|-
| Arkaitz Goni Hedger (spagett) || '''[https://github.com/Laar3/PineFlash  PineFlash V1 Flasher]''' || Linux & Mac GUI Updater
|-
| Joric (iamjoric)
| [https://joric.github.io/pinecil/  BLE API for V2]
| Install [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/actions/runs/3545583488 Pinecilv2 BLE IronOS first]
|-
|-
| Alvin Wong
| Alvin Wong
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs]
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs]
| Rust code demos for Pinecil
| Rust code demos for Pinecil
|}
|}
== Community Projects & Mods ==


== Checklist ==
== Checklist ==
{| class="wikitable"
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Clean new tips with Isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (to avoid strange behavior from poor contact).
| 1. Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor contact). If you have none, try to wipe it down with dry clean towel especially the 2 contacts at the back (water is not recommended for components).
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| 2. Do not bend the tiny internal contacts, they are thin spring metal and may break.
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| 3. Only use one port, USB-C or the DC barrel, but Never both at the same time. Damage will occur to PC/Laptop/Pinecil!
|}
|}


Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
#  
#  
# the display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
# The display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
#* via USB type C or DC 5525 '''center positive''' barrel [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (how to check polarity)]
#* Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 '''center positive''' barrel [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (how to check polarity)]
#* caution: do '''not''' plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
#* Caution: do '''not''' plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
#* The two ports are intended to be used independently and not at the same time.
#* The two ports are are used independently and not at the same time.
#* note that 5v shows '''DC low''' and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
#* Note that 5v shows '''DC low''' and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
# it gets 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger
# It gets full power.
#* check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it)
#* 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
# Check Update mode [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Flashing.md#pinecil-pine64 (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing)]
#* Check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work)
#* requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
# Check Update mode [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing updates)]
#* to enter update mode, hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
#* Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in a a time. You could damage devices doing this.
#* screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
#* V2 does not have an new release yet (2.18 is the highest release version as of Oct.1, 2022).
#* note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable, and never when connected to a PC for an Update.
#** It will need a different type of Updater/flasher which will be announced on Github/Ironos when a new release is available.
# both buttons work
#** V2 owners with EPR 28V chargers are advised to join the Community chat linked in the wiki for possible Beta firmware versions.
#** If you have issues with V2 firmware, create a new [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Github Issues ticket]
#* V1 can use [https://github.com/pine64/pine64_updater Pine64 Easy Updater here (Windows/MAC)]
#* Requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
#* To enter update mode, hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
#* Screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
# Both buttons work
#* <code>-</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>-</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>+</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
#* <code>+</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
# the displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
# The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
#* menu -> User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
#* Menu -> User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
#* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Settings.md More menu options listed on Github/IronOS]
#* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ More menu options listed on IronOS]
# all 3 external screws are present
# All 3 external screws are present
## one near the back near the screen (ground screw)
## One near the back near the screen (ground screw)
## one at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## one at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
## One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
# the tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
# The tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
#* see [[#Caring for a soldering iron]] in case it is used
#* most tips come with pre-dipped in solder for protection. heat them up, clean with brass or solder sponge and inspect.
# it heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
#* See [[#Caring for a soldering iron]] for maintenance and soldering tips
#* this may draw up to ~3A, make sure the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] can provide that
#* Re-tin the tip before storing is advised to prevent oxidation.
#* minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
# It heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
# the reported temperature is correct
#* This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] can provide that
#* if no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
#* Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
# if there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
# The reported temperature is correct
#* If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
# If there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
# If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen sideways or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel.
 
== Power Supplies and Watts ==
Generally, higher watts = better, up to how much you can afford.
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
! Type !! Volts !! / !! Tip Ω !! = !! Amps !! * !! Volts !! = !! Watts
 
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 2.5A || * || 20V || = || '''50W'''
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.2A || * || 20V || = || '''64W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.0A || * || 24V || = || '''72W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.8A || * || 24V || = || '''92W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.5A || * || 28V || = || '''98W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 4.5A || * || 28V || = || '''126W'''
|-
|}
 
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:left; "
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| * PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W. Tentatively, V2 support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables.
|}
 
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started Ralim's IronOS firmware] supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
* EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
* EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices. EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''Quick Charge or QC3''' is '''not recommended''' as Pinecil V2 requires a '''minimum of 3 Amps''' or more to work properly ([https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron/ see Pine Store Official rating] on power ports).  Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to ['''Thermal Runaway'''] or ['''Undervoltage''']  messages because of weak power (QC2 does not work at all as it is not supported in the firmware).
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''[https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables]'''
|}


== Specifications ==
== Specifications ==
Line 224: Line 355:
** Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector] (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
** Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector] (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
** Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
** Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
** Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and IronOS firmware.
** Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ IronOS firmware].
*** EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
*** EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
*** Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
*** Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
Line 244: Line 375:
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised


=== Fasteners ===
=== Fasteners/Screws ===
* Originals are phillips ([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source]):: two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the <code>'''[-]'''</code> minus button. The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter 3mm.
* Originals screws are Phillips ([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source]):: two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the <code>'''[-]'''</code> minus button.
* Thumbs screws are popular upgrades: an '''M2 x 4mm''' thumb screw could replace '''both''' the top-front Tip holder screw and the ground screw. It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip just grazes the Tip and the '''longer M2 x4mm is better on top'''.
* The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter m2x 3mm.
** [https://www.amazon.com/Knurled-Screws-Shoulder-Stainless-Metric/dp/B01MQSNPD0 (1) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256801293488521.html (2) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255799966445780.html (3) Thumb screw]
 
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256803069568247.html Smaller head thumb screw]
[[File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws-02.png|200px|thumb|right| Thumb Screws]]
* '''Thumbs screws''' are popular upgrades: an '''M2 x 4mm''' thumb screw could replace '''both''' the screen-side Tip holder screw and the rear end ground screw.
* It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip just grazes the Tip and the longer '''m2 x 4mm is better on top'''.
 
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256803069568247.html Silver smaller head thumb screw, get M2x4mm]
** [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/3256804077282767.html Black, smaller head thumb screw get M2x4mm]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256801293488521.html (1) Thumb screw], [https://www.amazon.com/Knurled-Screws-Shoulder-Stainless-Metric/dp/B01MQSNPD0 (2) Thumb screw] [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255799966445780.html (3) Thumb screw]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256802759810600.html Bling Gold screws]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256802759810600.html Bling Gold screws]
** [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png Photo of thumb screws on Pinecil]
** If the screw is too long ([https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256804364574103.html i.e., 5mm]) a metal file can be used lightly to shorten it a small amount.
** If the screw is too long ([https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256804364574103.html i.e., 5mm]) a metal file can be used to shorten it.
* If you just want to swap out the stock phillips screws for Hex key/Allen screws get (2- m2x4mm & 1- m2x3mm):
* If you just want to swap out the stock phillips screws for Hex key/Allen screws get (2- m2x4mm & 1- m2x3mm):
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2261799962114486.html (1) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255800794906149.html (2) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/2261799953187569.html (3) Hex cap screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20220817084841&isPremium=y&SearchText=thumb+screw+m2+stainless+steel+4mm (4) Different M2x4mm screw options]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2261799962114486.html (1) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255800794906149.html (2) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/2261799953187569.html (3) Hex cap screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20220817084841&isPremium=y&SearchText=thumb+screw+m2+stainless+steel+4mm (4) Different M2x4mm screw options]


== Manuals ==
== Manuals ==
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Getting Started Guide IronOS firmware]
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started Getting Started Guide IronOS firmware]
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil V1 Quick Start Guide]]
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil V1 Quick Start Guide]]
* [[:File:Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide.pdf|Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide]]
* [[:File:Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide.pdf|Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide]]
== Potential Watts of different Power Supplies ==
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
! Type !! Volts !! / !! Tip Ω !! = !! Amps !! * !! Volts !! = !! Watts
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 2.5A || * || 20V || = || '''50W'''
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.2A || * || 20V || = || '''64W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.0A || * || 24V || = || '''72W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.8A || * || 24V || = || '''92W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.5A || * || 28V || = || '''98W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 4.5A || * || 28V || = || '''126W'''
|-
|}
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *V2 models tentatively support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables. PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W.
|}
* Ralim's IronOS firmware supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
* EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
* EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices, so EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''QC''' is '''not recommended''' as Pinecil V2 requires a '''<i>minimum of 3 Amps</i>''' or more to work properly ([https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron/ see Pine Store Official rating] on power ports).  Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to ['''Thermal Runaway'''] messages because of weak power.
|}
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| '''[https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables]'''
|}


== Disassembly steps ==
== Disassembly steps ==
Line 364: Line 461:
Accessories:
Accessories:
<gallery>
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png|V1 and V2 with Thumb screws |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png|Thumb screws on V1 & V2 |alt=alt language
</gallery>
</gallery>


== Pinecil tips ==
== Pinecil Tips ==
* Uses TS-100 (8 ohm) compatible tips and ST Short Tips (6.2 ohm)
* Pinecil V2 uses Pine64 ST Short Tips (6.2-6.5 Ω) and TS-100 (8 Ω) compatible tips. It detects the tip resistance at boot-up. Unplug before swapping tips.
* Every tip contains a thermocouple; when you replace the tip, you get a brand new thermocouple.
* Every tip contains a thermocouple; advantage is every new tip includes a brand new thermocouple (considered newer tech and more accurate compared to older style Irons where the thermocouple is in the handle and much farther from the end of the tip).
* Pinecil V2 includes a new Pine64 designed tip, ST-B2 Short tip. The discontinued V1 came with a TS-B2 tip.  
* '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7NUi88Lxi8 How do Thermocouples work?]'''
* '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7NUi88Lxi8 How do Thermocouples work?]'''
* '''[https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/Temperature.md How is Tip Temperature measured in the firmware?]'''
* '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Temperature/ How is Tip Temperature measured in the firmware?]'''
* '''[http://www.minidso.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1110 What does the inside of the tip look like?]'''
* '''[http://www.minidso.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1110 What does the inside of the tip look like?]'''


=== Sold at Pine Store ===


==== Sold at the Pine Store ====
==== Short Tips ====
* Fine Tip set 1 (left) & Gross (large) set 2 (right):<br/>
{{Info|older pinecil V1 can not use the short tips until firmware code is written to enable manual selection of 6.2 or 8.0 tip. V1 does not have the hardware to auto-detect like V2 does. If you would like to volunteer, see [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS Github/IronOS] }}
* Both sets are 8 ohm tips and are the standard length like other TS100 style tips
* All Pinecil V2 include a Pine64 newly designed Short tip (ST-B2 conical). The discontinued V1 came with a longer TS-B2 conical tip.
[[File:PinecilTipSets.jpg|800px]]
* Pine store carries 4-Packs of [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-short-tip-set-fine/ Short tips] (~6.2-6.5 Ω) and [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-tip-set-gross/ Regular length] TS100 style tips (~8.0 Ω)
* Pine64 Short tip packs are lower resistance/ohms which means higher performance and better ergonomics. Many professional irons have shorter tips for more control while soldering.
[[File:Pinecil-Short-Tip-SetGross-1.jpeg| none |350px |thumb| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-short-tip-set-gross/ Short Gross set]: ST-I, ST-C4, ST-D24, ST-K]]
[[File:Pinecil-Short-Tip-SetFine-1.jpeg| none | 350px |thumb| [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-soldering-short-tip-set-fine/ Short Fine set]: ST-BC2, ST-C1, ST-ILS, ST-Ku]]


[[File:Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg|250px|thumb|right| ST-B2 conical short tip included with the V2 Pinecil]]
* The shorter tip is designed for higher performance and requires more power than longer traditional TS100 tips
* Recommend using minimum of usb-C PD65W-3.25A-20V or higher voltage charger when using Short tips (short tip draws more power than longer tips because of the lower ohms).
* For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the maximum watts with a standard 8 ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts ([https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/watt-volt-amp-calculator.html watts/volts calculator]).
* Heating formula: P = IV = I^2 * R = V^2 / R  (⇧ watts = ⇧ faster heating)
<code>20V @8Ω tip=50W; @6.2Ω tip=64.5W</code>


<code>24V @8Ω tip=72W; @6.2Ω tip=92.9W</code>


* Pine64 Short tip is only 6.2 ohm for higher performance, 86mm length
==== Regular Length Tips ====
* Recommend PD65W-20V or better PSU when using short tips).
[[File:PinecilTipSets.jpg|none|500px|thumb| Regular Length TS Tips: Left= Fine set, Right = Gross set. Both TS sets have ~8.0 ohm tips and are the standard length similar to other TS100 style tips.]]
[[File:Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg| 200px]]


* Other Tips that are compatible with Pinecil
[[File:TS100-Tip-Styles.png|375px]]


'''Common resistance for tips, from top to bottom:'''
'''Other Compatible Tips'''
[[File:TS100-Tip-Styles.png|300px|thumb|none| Compatible TS100 Tips, ~8.0 Ω]]


* Pine64 short tip 6.2 ohm, new
* no brand long tip 7.9 ohm, new
* Miniware long tip 8.0 ohm, new
* no brand long tip 8.3 ohm, lightly used
[[File:TipResistance2.png|200px]]


* The shorter tip is designed for higher performance but requires more power (minimum usb-C PD65W, 20V, 3+amp charger recommended).
'''Common resistance for tips:'''
* For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the max watt with a standard 8ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts ([https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/watt-volt-amp-calculator.html watts/volts calculator]).
[[File:TipResistance2.png|left| 200px]]
* Pine64 short tip 6.2 Ω, new
* no brand long tip 7.9 Ω, new
* Miniware long tip 8.0 Ω, new
* no brand long tip 8.3 Ω, lightly used


== Guides for Soldering & Maintenance ==
== Guides for Soldering & Maintenance ==
=== Guides to Soldering ===
=== Guides to Soldering ===
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCoY8Ax70rU Why have different tips?]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUryJOAiPa4 Easier method to solder SMD, and a clever Cleaning method]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW9Y8rDm4kE How to Solder SMD & Small Components - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIT4ra6Mo0s&list=PL926EC0F1F93C1837 Pace Basic Soldering lesson 1]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIT4ra6Mo0s&list=PL926EC0F1F93C1837 Pace Basic Soldering lesson 1]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW9Y8rDm4kE How to Solder SMD & Small Components - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.techspray.com/ultimate-guide-to-electronic-soldering Ultimate soldering guide]
* [https://www.techspray.com/ultimate-guide-to-electronic-soldering Ultimate soldering guide]
* [https://www.reichelt.com/magazin/en/guide/switch-to-lead-free-solders-when-soldering-by-hand/ Switching to Lead-free solder]
* [https://www.reichelt.com/magazin/en/guide/switch-to-lead-free-solders-when-soldering-by-hand/ Switching to Lead-free solder]
Line 415: Line 520:
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ku7I3hA3AA%7C Does Solder quality matter?]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ku7I3hA3AA%7C Does Solder quality matter?]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfIwHuGzUEk When to use Flux]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfIwHuGzUEk When to use Flux]
* [https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Practical_Electronics/Soldering#63/37  63/37 or 60/40 Solder?]


=== How do I keep the Tip Clean? ===
=== How do I keep the Tip Clean? ===
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhwEghcG5HE Clean & Care for Tips]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JADI1N-K9Yc How to Clean Soldering Tips]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JADI1N-K9Yc How to Clean Soldering Tips]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gq-q64ncivM Sodering Tip Maintenance]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gq-q64ncivM Sodering Tip Maintenance]
Line 440: Line 547:


==== V2 ====
==== V2 ====
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a teal color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a green color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.


* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); so future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.


* Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear/black/red cases.
* Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear or black handles.


* In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.
* In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.
Line 478: Line 585:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]


 
=== Pinecil Breakout board ===
* '''[https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board] schematic''':
* Get Pinecil Breakout board [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ here]:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]
Line 508: Line 615:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor Si7210-B-00-IV(R), by Silicon Labs, Optional add-on, location U14]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor Si7210-B-00-IV(R), by Silicon Labs, Optional add-on, location U14]
*** [https://www.silabs.com/documents/public/application-notes/an1018-si72xx-sensors.pdf How magnets work near Hall Sensor Si7210]
*** [https://www.silabs.com/documents/public/application-notes/an1018-si72xx-sensors.pdf How magnets work near Hall Sensor Si7210]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Position-Sensor_SILICON-LABS-SI7210-B-00-IVR_C2654956.html Get it here]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Position-Sensor_SILICON-LABS-SI7210-B-00-IVR_C2654956.html One place to buy it].  Also sold on Digikey and Mouser.


* Power MOSFET Switch:
* Power MOSFET Switch:
Line 540: Line 647:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/FUSB302-D.PDF ON Semiconductor FUSB302 USB Type-C PD Controller Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/FUSB302-D.PDF ON Semiconductor FUSB302 USB Type-C PD Controller Datasheet]
* Power Regulator data:
* Power Regulator data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/RT7272B-05.pdf Ricktek RT7272B 3A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on mainboard]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/RT7272B-05.pdf Ricktek RT7272B 3A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet (U8)]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/LP6498B6F.pdf LowPowerSemi LP6498B6F 1.2A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on breakout board]
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/1912111437_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.pdf  LP 3986-33, Ultra-low noise LDO Regulator (U5)]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/Linear-Voltage-Regulators-LDO_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.html  Replacement LP 3986-33]
 
* Power MOSFET Switch data:
* Power MOSFET Switch data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/Changjiang-Electronics-Tech-CJ-CJQ7328.pdf Chang Jiang CJQ7328 8A MOSFET Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/Changjiang-Electronics-Tech-CJ-CJQ7328.pdf Chang Jiang CJQ7328 8A MOSFET Datasheet]
* OP Amp information:
* OP Amp information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGMicro SGM8557-1 Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGMicro SGM8557-1 Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet]
* Capacitors
** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Multilayer-Ceramic-Capacitors-MLCC-SMD-SMT_YAGEO-CC0603KRX7R9BB105_C559769.html  possible replacement part for C5,  1uF/50V]


== Pinecil in Media ==
* [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/LP6498B6F.pdf LowPowerSemi LP6498B6F 1.2A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on breakout board]
 
== Pinecil in the Media ==
* [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/xk9vxu/most_interesting_man_in_the_world_i_dont_always/ Pinecil Humor]
* [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/xk9vxu/most_interesting_man_in_the_world_i_dont_always/ Pinecil Humor]
* [https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/pinecil-v2  Tomshardware Review]
* [https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/pinecil-v2  Tomshardware Review]
*[https://www.cnx-software.com/2022/07/29/pinecil-v2-soldering-iron-gets-bl706-bluetooth-le-risc-v-mcu-usb-pd-epr-support/  CNX Software Review]
=== Video Reviews ===
*[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YeKv0fwshFQ  V2 review, Platima Tinkers]
*[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eme_AUayLp8  V1 review, Adam Welch]
*[https://hackspace.raspberrypi.com/articles/pinecil-soldering-iron-review Hackspace Review]
*[https://hackaday.com/2021/01/05/review-pine64-pinecil-soldering-iron/ Hackaday Review]


[[Category:Pinecil]]
[[Category:Pinecil]]

Latest revision as of 08:34, 30 November 2022

Pinecil GraphicOrange.png

Pinecil is a portable soldering iron with computer controlled temperature, sleep modes, motion detection, and multiple options for power from batteries to AC supplies (USB-C, DC Barrel). It also has the intended use of being a RISC-V development device using a breakout board. The Pinecil has evolved over the years from a 60W device into the latest rendition, the V2, which supports 24V/88W and includes the new Pine short tip.
Other irons only care if they can solder. The Pinecil is held to an additional standard; how well can it meet the needs of the open source community as a RISC-V development tool. It includes hardware features not found on other soldering irons in order to support FOSS community feature requests for both fun and science.
Pinecil V2, launched Aug 2, 2022
Pinecil V2, side view

Pinecil Soldering Iron: main features

  • Portability and Temperature control
  • Soldering tips:
  1. Replaceable and low cost
  2. Many styles: Currently sold as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
  3. Compatible with other ts100 tips.
  • Flexible power sources:
  1. USB-C PD (power delivery)
  2. DC 5525 Barrel jack
  3. Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries

Additional features (useful for devkit):

  • Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
  • 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
  • Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
  • Programmable with tools from Bouffalo Labs, HomeBrew or Linux RISC-V.

Authenticity

There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip. The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.

The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).

Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker

Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number. Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:

Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker

Where to buy a Pinecil

PINE64 Official Stores

PINE64 EU

Official affiliates

Other sites selling real Pinecil


Please fill out this Survey on Pinecil Tips

In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).

Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in the Picture section). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official Github IronOS firmware, will successfully pass the Authenticiy Checker website. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the Certifications section. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.

Shipping & Tracking

How does it work? (main Pine store info. below)

  1. Order Email: when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
  2. Shipping Email: after several more days, when the order is shipped, a second email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store'). Pine does shipments in batches, you get the tracking number faster or slower depending on when batch day is (up to 10 days). Pine Store is a small company.
  3. If you don't get the first "order email" soon after placing the order, then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
  • Cheap shipping (~$12): could take 3-7 weeks (some reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
  • Courier shipping: more expensive (~$30), takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
  • Pine Store shipping policy (30-day warranty starts when Pinecil is delivered).
  • Note: resellers operate independently from the main Pine Store. They are in different countries and set all of their own procedures, shipping costs and options. Get all reseller shipping details for each store from their specific websites/chat tools/email.

Tracking

  • If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it is a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred/complete".

Usage

Overview

Wipe new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing. If you have none, try to wipe it down with a dry clean towel, especially the 2 contacts at the cold end (water is not recommended as it can get into the seam on the white end).
Do not try to bend the two internal contacts, they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
  1. Install the Tip: pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.
    1. Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push the tip all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic (see photo).
    2. Gently tighten/loosen this screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
    3. The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together (see fasteners).
  2. Supply Power: the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
    1. USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows DC Low, this is enough for firmware updates and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
    2. See Power section for details on power options. QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak
  3. Heat the Tip: plug Pinecil into an appropriate power supply.
    1. Clicking [+] starts the tip heating.
    2. The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and estimated time to reach target temperature.
    3. Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of [+] and [-] buttons.
    4. Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down [-] for a moment to turn the heat off.
    5. You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see Github IronOS for details on firmware settings).
  4. Using the Settings Menu:
    1. To check the firmware version, hold down the [-] button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
      1. This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
    2. Clicking [-] when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see Getting Started section.
    3. Clicking [-] also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
    4. Click [-] to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then Click [+] button to change various internal settings. Then click [-] again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.
  5. Important notes:
    1. The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
    2. Calibration of the Tip temperature is usually not necessary and should only be done if the tip is off by +/- 5 °C or temperature is behaving oddly. See instructions to calibrate the tip in the firmware on Github IronOS.
    3. For Safety, unplug the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
    4. To heat up the tip, we need a power supply that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended (see Power Supply page).
      1. Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For maximum performance and good soldering experience, a USB-C PD65W, 20V, 3+ A charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
      2. Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector (+ pos center, - neg outside) that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
      3. Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adaptor, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
      4. You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see Power Supply page).
      5. While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V Usb-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
      6. See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.

Getting Started

  • Main Settings Menu: updated list is found in the firmware repository Settings Menu
    • Power settings: settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
    • Soldering settings: settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
    • Sleep mode: power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
    • User interface: settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
    • Advanced settings: assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major firmware update as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.

Advanced Modifications


How to Install it on Pinecil Work-In-Progress. Photos, document, and possible video coming in the future.

Community Chat links

  • Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners in the PINE64 open source community?
  • Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?

Join one of the Community Chat links

Discord Telegram Matrix

Please fill out this Survey on Pinecil Tips

Firmware

The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is open source Ralim's IronOS. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.

  • Long hold down [-] to see the version

Connect Pinecil V2/V1 to PC

  • Connect V2/V1 to a laptop or PC for Flashing/Updating:
  1. Long hold the [-] button **before** plugging the usb-c cable in, keep holding down the [-] for ~15-20 seconds, then release the button.
  2. Screen should be blank/black which means you are in Flashing Mode (do not plug in the cable until you press & hold the [-] button down first).

Pinecil V2

  1. Extract the blisp zip. Run windows powershell as administrator, cd to the blisp folder.
  2. Get Pinecilv2.zip releases and beta firmware from Ralim's IronOS
  3. Currently, only 2.18 is official stock Release but does not work for several EPR chargers. This Beta works for EPR 140W chargers. It also activates BLE Bluetooth for testing. Go to bottom of page, grab Pinecilv2.zip & extract it.
  4. Put Pinecilv2_EN.bin (English) file into the blisp folder (can delete te rest of the firmware Zip).
  5. Connect the V2 to the PC (see above). It will connect as a Serial COM device.
  6. Execute .\blisp.exe write -c bl70x --reset .\Pinecilv2_EN.bin


  1. Extract the Blisp and cd to the blisp folder.
  2. Get Pinecilv2.zip releases and beta firmware from Ralim's IronOS
  3. Currently, only 2.18 is official stock Release but does not work for several EPR chargers. This Beta works for EPR 140W chargers. It also activates BLE Bluetooth for testing. Go to bottom of page, grab Pinecilv2.zip & extract it.
  4. Put Pinecilv2_EN.bin (English) file into the blisp folder (can delete te rest of the firmware Zip).
  5. Connect the V2 to the PC (see above). It will connect as a Serial COM device.
  6. cd to the blisp folder and execute blisp.
  7. sudo ./blisp write -c bl70x --reset Pinecilv2_EN.bin



Pinecil V1

General Firmware Details

  • One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.

Development Projects

Author Project Homepage Description
Ben Brown (ralimtek) Ralim's IronOS Official Pinecil firmware
Marek Kraus (gamiee) Pinecil V2 Flasher Windows & Linux CLI Updater for BL70x
Marek Kraus (gamiee) Pinecil V1 Flasher Windows & Mac GUI Updater
Arkaitz Goni Hedger (spagett) PineFlash V1 Flasher Linux & Mac GUI Updater
Joric (iamjoric) BLE API for V2 Install Pinecilv2 BLE IronOS first
Alvin Wong gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs Rust code demos for Pinecil

Community Projects & Mods

Checklist

1. Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor contact). If you have none, try to wipe it down with dry clean towel especially the 2 contacts at the back (water is not recommended for components).
2. Do not bend the tiny internal contacts, they are thin spring metal and may break.
3. Only use one port, USB-C or the DC barrel, but Never both at the same time. Damage will occur to PC/Laptop/Pinecil!

Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:

  1. The display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
    • Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 center positive barrel (how to check polarity)
    • Caution: do not plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
    • The two ports are are used independently and not at the same time.
    • Note that 5v shows DC low and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
  2. It gets full power.
    • 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
    • Check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work)
  3. Check Update mode (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing updates)
    • Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in a a time. You could damage devices doing this.
    • V2 does not have an new release yet (2.18 is the highest release version as of Oct.1, 2022).
      • It will need a different type of Updater/flasher which will be announced on Github/Ironos when a new release is available.
      • V2 owners with EPR 28V chargers are advised to join the Community chat linked in the wiki for possible Beta firmware versions.
      • If you have issues with V2 firmware, create a new Github Issues ticket
    • V1 can use Pine64 Easy Updater here (Windows/MAC)
    • Requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
    • To enter update mode, hold down [-] (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
    • Screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
  4. Both buttons work
    • - to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
    • + to turn on heating or select a menu item
  5. The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
  6. All 3 external screws are present
    1. One near the back near the screen (ground screw)
    2. One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
    3. One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
  7. The tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
    • most tips come with pre-dipped in solder for protection. heat them up, clean with brass or solder sponge and inspect.
    • See #Caring for a soldering iron for maintenance and soldering tips
    • Re-tin the tip before storing is advised to prevent oxidation.
  8. It heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
    • This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the power supply can provide that
    • Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
  9. The reported temperature is correct
    • If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
  10. If there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
  11. If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen sideways or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel.

Power Supplies and Watts

Generally, higher watts = better, up to how much you can afford.

Type Volts / Tip Ω = Amps * Volts = Watts
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 8.0 Ω = 2.5A * 20V = 50W
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 6.2 Ω = 3.2A * 20V = 64W
DC Barrel 24V / 8.0 Ω = 3.0A * 24V = 72W
DC Barrel 24V / 6.2 Ω = 3.8A * 24V = 92W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 8.0 Ω = 3.5A * 28V = 98W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 6.2 Ω = 4.5A * 28V = 126W
* PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W. Tentatively, V2 support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables.
  • Ralim's IronOS firmware supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
  • EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
  • EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices. EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.
Quick Charge or QC3 is not recommended as Pinecil V2 requires a minimum of 3 Amps or more to work properly (see Pine Store Official rating on power ports). Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to [Thermal Runaway] or [Undervoltage] messages because of weak power (QC2 does not work at all as it is not supported in the firmware).
Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables

Specifications

Pinecil V2

  • Package: 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 28g with solder tip, 18g without solder tip
  • Soldering Tip: includes type ST-B2 (short tip), Length 86mm, weight 8.2g
  • Platform: Ralim's IronOS build
  • Display: OLED White Color Monochrome Display 0.69" 96x16 pixels
  • Chipset: Bouffalo BL-706
  • CPU: 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 192KB Internal Flash
    • 132KB SRAM System
  • Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):
    • Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
    • USB type C: PD 12V-20V 3A and QC 3.0 12V-20V 3A (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, minimum 3amps.
    • Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will BREAK the connector (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
    • Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and IronOS firmware.
      • EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
      • Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
      • EPR is potentially the fastest/highest performance possible for V2; officially Pine Store states 12V-24V, 88W.

Pinecil V1

  • Package: 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 30g with solder tip, 20g without solder tip
  • Display: 0.67" QUG 9616TSWCG02 96x16 Monochrome Matrix display
  • CPU: GD32VF103TB 32-bit RV32IMAC RISC-V “Bumblebee Core” @ 108 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 128KB Flash
    • 32KB SRAM
  • Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):
    • Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
    • DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will BREAK the connector.
    • USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised

Fasteners/Screws

  • Originals screws are Phillips (source):: two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the [-] minus button.
  • The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter m2x 3mm.
Thumb Screws
  • Thumbs screws are popular upgrades: an M2 x 4mm thumb screw could replace both the screen-side Tip holder screw and the rear end ground screw.
  • It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip just grazes the Tip and the longer m2 x 4mm is better on top.

Manuals

Disassembly steps

Video of Alternate Method for opening Pinecil here.
  1. It is recommended to take photos to help with reassembly.
  2. Loosen the top tip screw (PH1) (top is the side with the screen).
  3. Gently pull the tip out and set aside (let the tip cool down first or use protection to prevent burns).
  4. Slide the rubber thumb grip off the front.
  5. Remove the bottom-front screw (between the bottom feet (PH1)).
  6. Remove the ground screw (longer m2x4mm screw next to the screen near the (-) button (PH1)).
  7. Slightly pull the two halves of the case apart at the tip front end first, enough to get a fingernail or guitar pick between 2 parts.
  8. Move the pick down the length of the split to loosen the bottom half's clips from the top half of the case.
  9. Once loose, remove the bottom half by sliding it a little forward (it is retained by the top half at the DC barrel side).
  10. Remove the screws retaining the copper tip contacts (PH000, M1.4 x 5).
  11. Remove the copper tip contacts (note the orientation of the contacts & tiny tab hole).
  12. Lift the PCB gently up from Tip end.
  13. Remove the round copper contact under the PCB, near the tip end of the handle (this is installed first before the PCB).
  14. Remove the two small buttons so they do not get lost.

Assembly steps

  1. Place the key caps into their recesses in the top half of the case.
  2. Install the round copper ground contact at the tip end before installing the PCB.
  3. Place the PCB assembly into handle at an angle, DC barrel end goes in first.
    1. Lower the rest of the board into the case and align the PCB with the 2 contact screw holes.
  4. Install the two copper tip contacts (note the small tab on the contact and the small hole in the PCB for it).
    1. Orient the contact to align the alignment pin with the alignment hole next to the big hole on one of the big gold pads.
    2. Install and gently tighten the PH000 screw until the clip is no longer loose.
  5. Place the bottom half of the case into the top half by sliding the lip on the port side (side without the feet) of the bottom half under the arch of the port side of the top half.
  6. Gently close the case by bringing the two halves together, paying attention to each clip's alignment and ensuring the case edges align.
  7. Install the short PH1 screw at the bottom of the tip side of the case.
  8. Install the longer PH1 screw at the ground connection point at the top side of the case (between the display and the ports).
  9. Slide the rubber sleeve on (larger ridge first).
  10. Gently insert tip.
  11. Gently tighten the top PH1 screw to retain the tip.

Pictures

Pre-release:

Production:

PCB:

Accessories:

Pinecil Tips

Sold at Pine Store

Short Tips

Note: older pinecil V1 can not use the short tips until firmware code is written to enable manual selection of 6.2 or 8.0 tip. V1 does not have the hardware to auto-detect like V2 does. If you would like to volunteer, see Github/IronOS
  • All Pinecil V2 include a Pine64 newly designed Short tip (ST-B2 conical). The discontinued V1 came with a longer TS-B2 conical tip.
  • Pine store carries 4-Packs of Short tips (~6.2-6.5 Ω) and Regular length TS100 style tips (~8.0 Ω)
  • Pine64 Short tip packs are lower resistance/ohms which means higher performance and better ergonomics. Many professional irons have shorter tips for more control while soldering.
Short Gross set: ST-I, ST-C4, ST-D24, ST-K
Short Fine set: ST-BC2, ST-C1, ST-ILS, ST-Ku
ST-B2 conical short tip included with the V2 Pinecil
  • The shorter tip is designed for higher performance and requires more power than longer traditional TS100 tips
  • Recommend using minimum of usb-C PD65W-3.25A-20V or higher voltage charger when using Short tips (short tip draws more power than longer tips because of the lower ohms).
  • For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the maximum watts with a standard 8 ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts (watts/volts calculator).
  • Heating formula: P = IV = I^2 * R = V^2 / R (⇧ watts = ⇧ faster heating)

20V @8Ω tip=50W; @6.2Ω tip=64.5W

24V @8Ω tip=72W; @6.2Ω tip=92.9W

Regular Length Tips

Regular Length TS Tips: Left= Fine set, Right = Gross set. Both TS sets have ~8.0 ohm tips and are the standard length similar to other TS100 style tips.


Other Compatible Tips

Compatible TS100 Tips, ~8.0 Ω


Common resistance for tips:

TipResistance2.png
  • Pine64 short tip 6.2 Ω, new
  • no brand long tip 7.9 Ω, new
  • Miniware long tip 8.0 Ω, new
  • no brand long tip 8.3 Ω, lightly used

Guides for Soldering & Maintenance

Guides to Soldering

Does Solder type and Flux matter?

How do I keep the Tip Clean?

What Temperature should I use?

Cases and 3D Models

Batch changes

V2

  • On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a green color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.
  • Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
  • Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear or black handles.
  • In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.

V1

  • For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onwards, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.
  • The first batch of Pinecil's were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.

Schematics, Board data, and Certifications

Pinecil Breakout board

Datasheets for Components and Peripherals

Pinecil V2

Pinecil V1

Pinecil in the Media

Video Reviews