Difference between revisions of "Pinecil"

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The '''Pinecil''' is a portable, temperature controlled soldering iron. It also has the intended use of being a Risc-V development device using a breakout board.
[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|400px|thumb|right|'''Pinecil''' is a portable, temperature controlled soldering iron. It also has the intended use of being a Risc-V development device using a breakout board (V2 in Photo)]]
[[File:Pinecilv2-1.jpg|400px|thumb|right|Pinecil Version 2]]
== Description ==
The Pinecil's main features are:


== Authenticity ==
{{Sidebar|The Pinecil's main features are:
* Portability
* Portability
* Settable temperature
* Settable temperature
* Soldering tips:
* Soldering tips:
** Replaceable
** Replaceable
** More than half a dozen available. [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Currently sold] as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
** Many styles available. [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Currently sold] as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
** Compatible with TS100
** Compatible with TS100
* Flexible power sources:
* Flexible power sources:
** USB Type C power delivery
** DC 5525 Barrel jack
** DC 5525 Barrel jack
** USB Type C power delivery
** Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries
** Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-20V Lithium-ion tool batteries
* Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see batch changes below.
* Pinecil V1 has the GD32V Development platform
** Board schematics are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** Board schematics are open. Software is open. Create your own!
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board]lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.
** [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board]lets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.
* Pinecil V2 released Aug 2, 2022 has a BL706 chip, see batch changes below.


There are additional features that include (Useful for devkit use):
There are additional features that include (useful for devkit):


* A Programmable Gigadevice Risc-V GD32VF103 embedded processor
* A Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
* 0.67" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
* Support for Idle detection, for automatic power down of tip
* Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
* Programmable with [https://doc.nucleisys.com/nuclei_sdk/design/soc/gd32vf103.html tools from Gigadevice], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].
* Programmable with [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk tools from Bouffalo Labs], [https://github.com/riscv-software-src/homebrew-riscv HomeBrew] or [https://wiki.debian.org/RISC-V#Cross_compilation Linux RISC-V].}}


There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip (sky blue V1, teal green V2). The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.


== Where to Buy Pine64 Pinecils ==
The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a teal green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).


Pine64 Official
=== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ===
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Global pine64 store] (ships from china to many countries)
Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number.
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA)
Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:


Authorized resellers
<code>'''[https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker]'''</code>
* [https://pine64eu.com/ Pine64 EU store] (ships from EU)
* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (ships from California, USA to many countries)


Note: there are no Pine64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by Pine64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the Pine64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling them through many store fronts. They use a different type of box, like a blue or red box and sell colors that Pine64 never made. They are all fake clones and do not go through the same QC as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended.
=== Where to buy a Pinecil ===


Genuine Pine64 Pinecil will always come in a black color and have a silicone thumb grip. Replacement cases are available in different colors.
'''PINE64 Official Stores'''
* [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Main global PINE64 store] (ships from China, carries full line of PINE64 products)
* [https://www.amazon.com/dp/B096X6SG13/ Amazon-USA official pine64 store] (ships from USA, only has Pinecil)


== Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker ==
'''PINE64 EU'''
Pinecil V2, released Aug. 2, 2022, uses a completely different chipset from V1. Each V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number.
* [https://pine64eu.com/about/ PINE64 EU store] (ships from EU)
If you want to check if your Pinecil V2 is Authentic, go here: [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker]


== Community links ==
'''Official affiliates'''
Want to hang out with other Pine64 Pinecil owners or the Pine64 community?
* [https://ameridroid.com/collections/pine AmeriDroid] (ships from USA, offers pre-order)
* [https://discordapp.com/invite/DgB7kzr Discord]
 
* [https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]
'''Other sites selling real Pinecil'''
* [https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]
* [https://eleshop.de/pinecil-smart-mini-tragbarer-lotkolben.html Eleshop.eu] (ships from EU, offers pre-order)
* [https://testclips.co.uk/product-category/pinecil-pine64/ Testclips] (ships from UK)
* [https://www.ursele.com/contact  URS Electronics] (local counter sales only in Portland, Oregon, USA)
 
 
In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).
 
Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pictures the Picture section]). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Github IronOS firmware], will successfully pass the [https://pinecil.pine64.org/ Authenticiy Checker website]. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Pinecil_board_information,_schematics_and_certifications Certifications section]. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.
 
== Shipping & Tracking ==
'''How does it work?'''
* '''Order Email''': when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
* '''Shipping Email''': after several more days, when the order is shipped, a '''second''' email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store').
* If you don't get the first email soon after placing the order,  then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
* Cheap shipping option: could take 3-7 weeks (a few reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
* Courier shipping: more expensive, takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
* [https://pine64.com/shipping-policy/ Pine Store shipping policy]
 
'''Tracking websites'''
* https://parcelsapp.com/
* https://www.17track.net/
* The tracking number issued in the shipping email may not work for a couple days, just check again.
* If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it's a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred/complete".


== Usage ==
== Usage ==
=== Overview ===
{| class="wikitable"
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing.
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| Do not try to bend the two [https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-copper-clips/ internal contacts], they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
|}


Pinecil comes with a separate heating element / tip. After inserting its barrel into the end of the handle, lightly tighten the screw onto it. Loosen this screw when changing out the tip.
# '''Install the Tip''': pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.
## Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push the tip all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic [https://wiki.pine64.org/images/thumb/b/b0/Pinecilv2-1.jpg/400px-Pinecilv2-1.jpg (see photo)].
## '''Gently''' tighten/loosen this screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
## The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Fasteners see fasteners]).
# '''Supply Power''': the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
## USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows '''DC Low''', this is enough for [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started firmware updates] and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
## See Power section for details on power options. [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Potential_Watts_of_different_Power_Supplies QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak]
# '''Heat the Tip''': plug Pinecil into an appropriate [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply].
## Clicking <code>'''[+]'''</code> starts the tip heating.
## The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and estimated time to reach target temperature.
## Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of <code>'''[+]'''</code> and <code>'''[-]'''</code> buttons.
## Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> for a moment to turn the heat off.
## You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Github IronOS for details on firmware] settings).
# '''Using the Settings Menu''':
## To check the firmware version, hold down the <code>'''[-]'''</code> button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
### This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
## Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see Getting Started section.
## Clicking <code>'''[-]'''</code> also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
## Click <code>'''[-]'''</code> to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then Click <code>'''[+]'''</code> button to change various internal settings. Then click <code>'''[-]'''</code> again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.
# '''Important notes''':
## The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
## '''For Safety, unplug''' the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
## To heat up the tip, we need a [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended ([https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies see Power Supply page]).
### Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For maximum performance and good soldering experience, a USB-C '''PD65W, 20V, 3+ A''' charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
### Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (+ pos center, - neg outside)] that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
### Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adaptor, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
### You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Power Supply page]).
### While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V Usb-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
### See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.


The USB-C port, connected to any host, provides enough power to drive the user interface, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip. 5 volts from a USB2 port will only display the user interface.
=== Getting Started ===
* '''Getting Started''' guide in [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ Github/IronOS]


To check the firmware version, hold down the "-" button. It will display something like "v2.14.2425902 17-01-21", suggesting its actual release date, here 2021-01-17. Clicking the "+" button repeatedly reveals various internal settings, such as hardware version, current temperature, time since power-on, and number of motions detected. Clicking "-" returns to the regular display of current temperature, target temperature, and supply voltage. At other times it may show power draw.
* '''Main Settings Menu''': updated list is found in the firmware repository '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ Settings Menu]'''
** '''Power settings''': settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
** '''Soldering settings''': settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
** '''Sleep mode''': power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
** '''User interface''': settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
** '''Advanced settings''': assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ firmware update] as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.


To heat up the tip, you need a power supply that can provide 12V or more. This may be a dedicated power supply with a standard DC 5525 barrel connector (+ center, - outside) that supplies anywhere from 12V to 21V, or a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. (You probably have a suitable supply disused in a box somewhere. Most Android chargers since about 2015 should work.)
* '''Hidden Debug Menus''': are also available [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/DebugMenu/ , see Github/IronOS]


Clicking "+" starts the tip heating. The display then shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and estimated time to reach target temperature. You can adjust the target temperature with further clicks of "+" and "-" buttons. Waiting for the regular display to return, then holding down "-" for a moment turns the heat off. You can watch the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons.
=== Advanced Modifications ===
* [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/HallSensor.md Installing Optional Hall Effect Sensor]
* [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=16989  Installing LED lights]


The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
== Community links ==
* Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners in the PINE64 open source community?
* Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?


Clicking "-" when heat is off steps through menus to control a variety of settings, such as the sleep temperature, time until sleep, motion sensitivity, temperature units (C or F) etc.
'''Join one of the Community Chat links'''


'''Menu Items''' (accurate for firmware 2.16)
<code> '''[https://discordapp.com/invite/DgB7kzr Discord]'''
'''[https://t.me/joinchat/Kmi2S1iej-_4DgrVf3jjnQ Telegram]'''
'''[https://matrix.to/#/#pinecil:matrix.org Matrix]''' </code>


More detailed and updated list of menu/settings is kept in [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/tree/dev/Documentation/ Github/IronOS documentation folder]
== Firmware ==


* Power settings
The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ open source Ralim's IronOS]. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.
** Power source (cutoff choices for voltage and battery operation)
** QC voltage (voltage to negotiate for with QC chargers (9..22 volts in 0.2V steps, recommended up to 21 volts)
** PD timeout (compatibility setting for some picky QC power supplies, allowing to set a shorter amount of time for PD negotiation in 100ms steps)
* Soldering Settings
** Boost Temperature
** Heat on power up (Auto Start)
** Temperature Change (short click)
** Temperature Change (long click)
** Allow locking buttons (when soldering)
* Sleep mode
** Motion Sensor Sensitivity
** Sleep Temperature
** Sleep Timeout
** Shutdown Timeout
** Hall Sensor Sensitivity (details for optional [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/dev/Documentation/HallSensor.md Hall Sensor in Github/IronOS])
* User Interface
** Temperature Units (C/F)
** Display orientation (auto/right/left)
** Cooldown Blink
** Scrolling Speed (slow/fast)
** Reverse +/- buttons
** Animation speed (off/slow/medium/fast)
** Animation loop
** Screen brightness (1..10)
** Screen inversion
** Detailed idle screen
** Detailed solder screen
* Advanced Settings
** Power Limit (watts)
** Factory Reset?
** Calibrate Temperature
** Calibrate Voltage
** Power Pulse (watts)


== Pictures ==
* Long hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> to see the firmware version
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/GettingStarted/ Firmware update instructions]


Pre-release:
* To submit a feature request, or help Ralim enhance the code, see [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Ralim's IronOS Issues]
<gallery>
* Ben (ralimtek) supports IronOS out of love for the IronOS creative open community. He volunteers countless hours coding, debugging, and enhancing IronOS with all the feature requests submitted.
File:Pinecil_Exploded_Diagram_ver_0.9.png|Pinecil renders|alt=alt language
* To give some love back, you could donate to IronOS; [https://ko-fi.com/ralim buy Ralim a coffee/kofi] or [https://www.paypal.com/paypalme/RalimTek donate here].
File:PinecilPrototype.jpg|Pinecil prototype|alt=alt language
</gallery>


Production:
* One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-V2-box-1024x1024.jpg|Updated Pinecil V2 and TS-B2 short tip retail package, sold after Aug. 2, 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-V2-dissasebled.jpg|Pinecil V2 disassembled with new teal silicone grip, newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-bb2-01.jpg|Original Pinecil V1 and TS-B2 retail package, ended July 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Case-Clear-2.jpg|Pinecil clear casing|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Case-Red-1.jpg|Pinecil red casing|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-copper-clip-1.jpg|Replacement copper contacts|alt=alt language
</gallery>


PCB:
* See [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil#Community_links Community Chat Links] or [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Github IronOS Issues] if you run into issues updating.
<gallery>
File:PCP-Top-side-screen.jpg|Pinecil PCB screen side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
File:PCP-Bottom-Side.jpg|Pinecil PCB bottom side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
</gallery>


== Pinecil tips ==
== Development efforts ==
* Uses TS-100 compatible tips and ST Short Tips
* Uses Pine64 new design shorter 6.2 ohm tips
* Pinecil V1 includes tip model TS-B2.
* Pinecil V2 includes tip model ST-B2 Short tip.
* Fine Tip set 1 (left) & Gross (large) 2 (right):<br/>
[[File:PinecilTipSets.jpg|800px]]
[[File:Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg|250px]]


{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
! Author
! Project Homepage
! Description


'''Common resistance for tips, from top to bottom:'''
|-
| Ben Brown (ralimtek) || '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ Ralim's IronOS]''' || Official Pinecil firmware
|-
| Alvin Wong
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs]
| Rust code demos for Pinecil
|}


* Pine64 short tip 6.2 ohm, new
== Checklist ==
* no brand long tip 7.9 ohm, new
{| class="wikitable"
* Miniware long tip 8.0 ohm, new
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
* no brand long tip 8.3 ohm, lightly used
| *Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor contact).
[[File:TipResistance.jpg|200px]]
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| *Do not bend the tiny internal contacts, they are thin spring metal and may break.
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| *Pinecil only uses one power port, the USB-C or the DC barrel, but never both at the same time. Damage will occur if attempted.
|}


The shorter tip is designed for higher performance. For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the max watt with an 8ohm tip is 50W, and the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts.
Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
#
# The display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
#* Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 '''center positive''' barrel [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DBTNplNTfA (how to check polarity)]
#* Caution: do '''not''' plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
#* The two ports are are used independently and not at the same time.
#* Note that 5v shows '''DC low''' and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
# It gets full power.
#* 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
#* Check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work)
# Check Update mode [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing updates)]
#* Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in a a time. You could damage devices doing this.
#* V2 does not have an new release yet (2.18 is the highest release version as of Oct.1, 2022).
#** It will need a different type of Updater/flasher which will be announced on Github/Ironos when a new release is available.
#** V2 owners with EPR 28V chargers are advised to join the Community chat linked in the wiki for possible Beta firmware versions.
#** If you have issues with V2 firmware, create a new [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/issues Github Issues ticket]
#* V1 can use [https://github.com/pine64/pine64_updater Pine64 Easy Updater here (Windows/MAC)]
#* Requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
#* To enter update mode, hold down <code>'''[-]'''</code> (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
#* Screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
# Both buttons work
#* <code>-</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>+</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
# The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
#* Menu -> User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
#* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Settings/ More menu options listed on IronOS]
# All 3 external screws are present
## One near the back near the screen (ground screw)
## One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
# The tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
#* See [[#Caring for a soldering iron]] for maintenance and soldering tips
# It heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
#* This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies power supply] can provide that
#* Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
# The reported temperature is correct
#* If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
# If there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
# If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen sideways or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel.


== Specifications ==
== Specifications ==
=== Pinecil V2 ===
* '''Package:''' 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Dimensions:''' 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
* '''Weight:''' 28g with solder tip, 18g without solder tip
* '''Soldering Tip:''' includes type ST-B2 (short tip), Length 86mm, weight 8.2g
* '''Platform:''' Ralim's IronOS build
* '''Display:''' OLED White Color Monochrome Display 0.69" 96x16 pixels
* '''Chipset:''' Bouffalo BL-706
* '''CPU:''' 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
* '''Memory:'''
** 192KB Internal Flash
** 132KB SRAM System
* '''Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):'''
** Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
** USB type C: PD 12V-20V '''3A''' and QC 3.0 12V-20V '''3A''' (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, '''minimum 3amps.'''
** Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector] (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
** Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
** Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/ IronOS firmware].
*** EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
*** Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
*** EPR is potentially the fastest/highest performance possible for V2; officially Pine Store states 12V-24V, 88W.
=== Pinecil V1 ===
* '''Package:''' 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
* '''Dimensions:''' 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
* '''Dimensions:''' 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
* '''Weight:''' 30g with solder tip, 20g without solder tip
* '''Weight:''' 30g with solder tip, 20g without solder tip
* '''Display:''' 0.67" QUG 9616TSWCG02 96x16 Monochrome Matrix display
* '''CPU:''' GD32VF103TB 32-bit RV32IMAC RISC-V “Bumblebee Core” @ 108 MHz
* '''CPU:''' GD32VF103TB 32-bit RV32IMAC RISC-V “Bumblebee Core” @ 108 MHz
* '''Display:''' 0.67" QUG 9616TSWCG02 96x16 Monochrome Matrix display
* '''Memory:'''
* '''Memory:'''
** 128KB Flash
** 128KB Flash
** 32KB SRAM
** 32KB SRAM
* '''Power supply (only use one of the following at a time):'''
* '''Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):'''
** DC 12V- 21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Trying to use a 5521 (which requires excessive force) will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector].
** Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
** USB-C 12-20V PD
** DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=13237 BREAK the connector].
** QC3.0
** USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised
** Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised
* '''Fasteners used'''([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source])
** Originals are Phillips screws: two M2x3mm at the tip, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw behind minus button.
** Alternate screw replacments, M2x4mm Thumb screw can replace the Top side Tip holder screw
*** ([https://www.amazon.com/Knurled-Screws-Shoulder-Stainless-Metric/dp/B01MQSNPD0 Thumb screw supplier])
*** ([https://www.mcmaster.com/99607a256/ supplier])
*** ([https://www.homedepot.com/p/Prime-Line-M2-0-4-x-5-mm-Black-Oxide-Coated-Steel-Class-12-9-Metric-Internal-Hex-Socket-Head-Set-Screws-10-Pack-9180072/311732348 supplier])


== Pinecil board information, schematics and certifications ==
=== Fasteners ===
 
* Originals are phillips ([https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/tatf5l/comment/ig4r92v/?context=3 source]):: two M2x3mm at the front, and one M2x4mm is the ground screw near the <code>'''[-]'''</code> minus button. The bottom-front screw only holds the handle together and does not touch the tip, hence is a shorter 3mm.
* Pinecil V1 mainboard schematic (V1 was sold pre- Aug 2, 2022):
* Thumbs screws are popular upgrades: an '''M2 x 4mm''' thumb screw could replace '''both''' the top-front Tip holder screw and the ground screw. It was found that an M2x3mm thumb screw for the tip just grazes the Tip and the '''longer M2 x4mm is better on top'''.
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v1.0a_20201120.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 1.0 20201120, this is production version schematic]
** [https://www.amazon.com/Knurled-Screws-Shoulder-Stainless-Metric/dp/B01MQSNPD0 (1) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256801293488521.html (2) Thumb screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255799966445780.html (3) Thumb screw]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top PDF file]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256803069568247.html Smaller head thumb screw]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom PDF file]
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256802759810600.html Bling Gold screws]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top Drawing file]
** [https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png Photo of thumb screws on Pinecil]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom Drawing file]
** If the screw is too long ([https://www.aliexpress.com/item/3256804364574103.html i.e., 5mm]) a metal file can be used to shorten it.
 
* If you just want to swap out the stock phillips screws for Hex key/Allen screws get (2- m2x4mm & 1- m2x3mm):
* Pinecil V2 mainboard schematic:
** [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2261799962114486.html (1) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/item/2255800794906149.html (2) Hex socket screw], [https://www.aliexpress.us/item/2261799953187569.html (3) Hex cap screw], [https://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20220817084841&isPremium=y&SearchText=thumb+screw+m2+stainless+steel+4mm (4) Different M2x4mm screw options]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 2.0 20220608, this is production version schematic]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_PCB_placement_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 2.0 PCB Component Placement PDF file]
 
* Pinecil V1 certifications:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20CE%20RED%20Certificate-S20102803801001.pdf Pinecil CE RED Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20FCC%20Certificate-S20102803802001.pdf Pinecil FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]
 
* Pinecil V2 certifications:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20CE%20Certificate%20LCSA070722058E.pdf Pinecil V2 CE Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20FCC%20Certificate%20LCSA070722057E.pdf Pinecil V2 FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20ROHS%20Report%20LCSA070722059R.pdf Pinecil V2 ROHS Report]
 
 
* Pinecil breakout board schematic:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]
* Photos:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-breakout-board-02.jpg|Store photo
File:Pinecil breakout top.jpg|Top view
File:Pinecil breakout bottom.jpg|Bottom view
</gallery>


== Manuals ==
== Manuals ==
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil Quick Start Guide]]
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started Getting Started Guide IronOS firmware]
* [[:File:USER MANUAL - QUICK START PINECIL multi lang EU+DE+FR.pdf|Pinecil V1 Quick Start Guide]]
* [[:File:Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide.pdf|Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide]]
* [[:File:Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide.pdf|Pinecil Shell Replacement Guide]]


== Firmware ==
== Potential Watts of different Power Supplies ==


The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is IronOS. If you just want to use your Pinecil as a soldering iron, then keep it updated with IronOS. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly, as development is very active and there may be new bug fixes available.
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
! Type !! Volts !! / !! Tip Ω !! = !! Amps !! * !! Volts !! = !! Watts


For firmware update instructions, please visit the [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/blob/master/Documentation/Flashing.md#pinecil-pine64 update documentation on GitHub].
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 2.5A || * || 20V || = || '''50W'''
|-style="background-color:Aliceblue"
| USB-C PD3.0 || 20V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.2A || * || 20V || = || '''64W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.0A || * || 24V || = || '''72W'''
|-style="background-color:LavenderBlush"
| DC Barrel || 24V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 3.8A || * || 24V || = || '''92W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 8.0 Ω || = || 3.5A || * || 28V || = || '''98W'''
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *EPR PD3.1 || 28V || / || 6.2 Ω || = || 4.5A || * || 28V || = || '''126W'''
|-
|}


If you want to see the latest versions, or submit a software feature request, visit the [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/releases GitHub repository for IronOS, from Ralimtek]
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
| *V2 models tentatively support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables. PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W.
|}


== Development efforts ==
* [https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/#getting-started Ralim's IronOS firmware] supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
* EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
* EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices, so EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.


{| class="wikitable"
{| class="wikitable"
!
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
! Project Homepage
| '''QC''' is '''not recommended''' as Pinecil V2 requires a '''<i>minimum of 3 Amps</i>''' or more to work properly ([https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-smart-mini-portable-soldering-iron/ see Pine Store Official rating] on power ports).  Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to ['''Thermal Runaway'''] messages because of weak power.
! Firmware Images
|}
! Description


|-
{| class="wikitable"
! Ralimtek
|-style="background-color:LightYellow"
| [https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/ Ralim/IronOS]
| '''[https://wiki.pine64.org/wiki/Pinecil_Power_Supplies Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables]'''
| https://github.com/Ralim/IronOS/releases/
| Officially endorsed Pinecil firmware
|-
! Alvin Wong
| [https://github.com/alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs]
|
| Collection of Rust code demos for Pinecil
|}
|}


== Batch changes ==
== Disassembly steps ==
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a teal color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (65W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil).


* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE); so future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
{| class="wikitable" | style="text-align:center; "
 
|-style="background-color:Honeydew"
* Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear/black/red cases.
| '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aK01V5DrrVk Video of Alternate Method for opening Pinecil here.]'''
 
|}
* For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onwards, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. If you are working with ESD components, you will however need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.
 
* The first batch of Pinecil's were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.
 
== Disassembly steps ==


# Recommend to take photos to help with reassembly.
# It is recommended to take photos to help with reassembly.
# Remove the Tip.
# Loosen the top tip screw (PH1) (top is the side with the screen).
# Let tip cool down.
# Gently pull the tip out and set aside (let the tip cool down first or use protection to prevent burns).
# Loosen the top tip screw (PH1) (top is display screen side).
# Slide the rubber thumb grip off the front.
# Gently pull the tip out and set aside.
# Remove the bottom-front screw (between the bottom feet (PH1)).
# Slide rubber thumb grip off towards the tip side.
# Remove the ground screw (longer m2x4mm screw next to the screen near the (-) button (PH1)).
# Remove the bottom screw (at the tip, between the feet) (PH1).
# Slightly pull the two halves of the case apart at the tip front end first, enough to get a fingernail or guitar pick between 2 parts.
# Remove the ground screw (longer screw on the top side near the (-) button) (PH1).
# Slightly pull the two halves of the case apart at the tip front end, enough to get a fingernail or guitar pick between the halves.
# Move the pick down the length of the split to loosen the bottom half's clips from the top half of the case.
# Move the pick down the length of the split to loosen the bottom half's clips from the top half of the case.
# Once loose, remove the bottom half by moving it forward (it is retained by the top half at the port side).
# Once loose, remove the bottom half by sliding it a little forward (it is retained by the top half at the DC barrel side).
# Remove the screws retaining the copper tip contacts (PH000, M1.4 x 5), and note the direction.
# Remove the screws retaining the copper tip contacts (PH000, M1.4 x 5).
# Remove the copper tip contacts.
# Remove the copper tip contacts (note the orientation of the contacts & tiny tab hole).
# Flip the Pinecil over and the PCB should fall out, or it could be lifted gently up from the DC barrel end.
# Lift the PCB gently up from Tip end.
# The two small buttons are now loose, carefully set aside the top half, or remove the buttons so they do not get lost.
# Remove the round copper contact under the PCB, near the tip end of the handle (this is installed first before the PCB).
 
# Remove the two small buttons so they do not get lost.
'''Video of Alternate Method for opening Pinecil [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aK01V5DrrVk shown here.]'''


== Assembly steps ==
== Assembly steps ==


# Place the key caps into their recesses in the top half of the case.
# Place the key caps into their recesses in the top half of the case.
# Place the PCB assembly into the top half of the case ports first.
# Install the round copper ground contact at the tip end before installing the PCB.
## Lower the rest of the board into the case and move the PCB assembly towards the port side of the case (the DC barrel connector may be a firm place to gently push).
# Place the PCB assembly into handle at an angle, DC barrel end goes in first.
# Install the copper tip contacts.
## Lower the rest of the board into the case and align the PCB with the 2 contact screw holes.
# Install the two copper tip contacts (note the small tab on the contact and the small hole in the PCB for it).
## Orient the contact to align the alignment pin with the alignment hole next to the big hole on one of the big gold pads.
## Orient the contact to align the alignment pin with the alignment hole next to the big hole on one of the big gold pads.
## Install and gently tighten the PH000 screw until the clip is no longer loose.
## Install and gently tighten the PH000 screw until the clip is no longer loose.
Line 283: Line 351:
# Gently tighten the top PH1 screw to retain the tip.
# Gently tighten the top PH1 screw to retain the tip.


== Pictures ==
Pre-release:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil_Exploded_Diagram_ver_0.9.png|Pinecil renders|alt=alt language
File:PinecilPrototype.jpg|Pinecil prototype|alt=alt language
</gallery>
Production:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-V2-box-1024x1024.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2 and ST-B2 short tip retail package], sold after Aug. 2, 2022|alt=alt language
File:Pinecilv2-2.jpg| [https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Pinecil V2, side view]
File:Pinecil-V2-dissasebled.jpg|Pinecil V2 disassembled with new teal silicone grip, newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Clear-Case1.png| Clear handle with transparent rubber finger grip|alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-Contact2.png|[https://pine64.com/product-category/pinecil/ Replacement internal contacts] |alt=alt language
File:Pinecil-bb2-01.jpg|Original Pinecil V1 and TS-B2 retail package, discontinued July 2022|alt=alt language
</gallery>
PCB:
<gallery>
File:PCP-Top-side-screen.jpg|Pinecil PCB screen side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
File:PCP-Bottom-Side.jpg|Pinecil PCB bottom side, V2 on top, V1 on bottom|alt=alt language
</gallery>
Accessories:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-Thumb-Screws.png|V1 and V2 with Thumb screws |alt=alt language
</gallery>


== Pinecil tips ==
* Uses TS-100 (8 ohm) compatible tips and ST Short Tips (6.2 ohm)
* Every tip contains a thermocouple; when you replace the tip, you get a brand new thermocouple.
* Pinecil V2 includes a new Pine64 designed tip, ST-B2 Short tip. The discontinued V1 came with a TS-B2 tip.
* '''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7NUi88Lxi8 How do Thermocouples work?]'''
* '''[https://ralim.github.io/IronOS/Temperature/ How is Tip Temperature measured in the firmware?]'''
* '''[http://www.minidso.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1110 What does the inside of the tip look like?]'''
==== Sold at the Pine Store ====
* Fine Tip set 1 (left) & Gross (large) set 2 (right):<br/>
* Both sets are 8 ohm tips and are the standard length like other TS100 style tips
[[File:PinecilTipSets.jpg|800px]]
* Pine64 Short tip is only 6.2 ohm for higher performance, 86mm length
* Recommend PD65W-20V or better PSU when using short tips).
[[File:Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg| 200px]]
* Other Tips that are compatible with Pinecil
[[File:TS100-Tip-Styles.png|375px]]
'''Common resistance for tips, from top to bottom:'''
* Pine64 short tip 6.2 ohm, new
* no brand long tip 7.9 ohm, new
* Miniware long tip 8.0 ohm, new
* no brand long tip 8.3 ohm, lightly used
[[File:TipResistance2.png|200px]]
* The shorter tip is designed for higher performance but requires more power (minimum usb-C PD65W, 20V, 3+amp charger recommended).
* For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the max watt with a standard 8ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts ([https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/watt-volt-amp-calculator.html watts/volts calculator]).
== Guides for Soldering & Maintenance ==
=== Guides to Soldering ===
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIT4ra6Mo0s&list=PL926EC0F1F93C1837 Pace Basic Soldering lesson 1]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW9Y8rDm4kE How to Solder SMD & Small Components - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.techspray.com/ultimate-guide-to-electronic-soldering Ultimate soldering guide]
* [https://www.reichelt.com/magazin/en/guide/switch-to-lead-free-solders-when-soldering-by-hand/ Switching to Lead-free solder]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8mVvI8YnCc Beginner's Guide to Soldering - Mr. Solder]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6PB0u8irn-4 Fine SMD Soldering]
* [https://mightyohm.com/files/soldercomic/FullSolderComic_EN.pdf Soldering Comic book]
=== Does Solder type and Flux matter? ===
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ku7I3hA3AA%7C Does Solder quality matter?]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfIwHuGzUEk When to use Flux]
=== How do I keep the Tip Clean? ===
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JADI1N-K9Yc How to Clean Soldering Tips]
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gq-q64ncivM Sodering Tip Maintenance]
* [https://www.eevblog.com/forum/beginners/best-way-to-clean-oxidized-soldering-iron-tip/ EEVblog, Caring for Tips]
=== What Temperature should I use? ===
* Generally, add 120°C to the melting point listed on the solder label, and adjust up or down as needed for different tasks.
* If there is no listed melting point, refer to google or a chart like below:
** [https://kb.hakkousa.com/Knowledgebase/10297/What-are-the-different-optimal-soldering-temperatures-for-soldering-with-tinlead-solder-and-lead-free-solder Melt Points for No-Lead & Leaded Solder]
** [https://www.kester.com/Portals/0/Documents/Knowledge%20Base/Alloy%20Temperature%20Chart.pdf Solder Temperature Chart]


== Cases and 3D Models ==
== Cases and 3D Models ==


* [https://github.com/kohkohwastaken/3D-Models/tree/main/Pine64 3D model of Pinecil by kohkoh]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4727212 Pinecil compact case]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4727212 Pinecil compact case]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4723235 Pinecil and tips case]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4723235 Pinecil and tips case]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4734830 T12 Tip Adapter]
* [https://github.com/kohkohwastaken/3D-Models/tree/main/Pine64 3D model of Pinecil by kohkoh]
* [https://www.printables.com/model/97073-pinecil-mosfet-saver-for-t12-tips T12 tip adaptor to protect internal Mosfet in Pinecil]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4734830 T12 tip adapter for outside tip holding]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/search?q=pinecil Thingiverse search for 'Pinecil']
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/search?q=pinecil Thingiverse search for 'Pinecil']
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:5186002 Multipart Pinecil Case by Pjotrke]
* [https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:5186002 Multipart Pinecil Case by Pjotrke]


== Caring for a soldering iron & guides ==
== Batch changes ==
 
==== V2 ====
* On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a teal color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.


* Basic soldering guide: https://www.techspray.com/ultimate-guide-to-electronic-soldering
* Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
* Caring for the iron: https://www.weller-tools.com/how-to-care-for-soldering-iron-tips/
* Caring for the iron tips: https://www.eevblog.com/forum/beginners/best-way-to-clean-oxidized-soldering-iron-tip/
* Does quality matter?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ku7I3hA3AA%7C
* When to use Flux: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfIwHuGzUEk
* How to Solder SMD: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW9Y8rDm4kE
* Fine SMD Soldering: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6PB0u8irn-4
* Solder Melt points: https://tinyurl.com/2p8jdxyz


== Checklist ==
* Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear/black/red cases.
 
* In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.
 
==== V1 ====
* For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onwards, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. '''If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.'''
 
* Programmable with [https://doc.nucleisys.com/nuclei_sdk/design/soc/gd32vf103.html tools from Gigadevice]
 
* The first batch of Pinecil's were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.
 
== Schematics, Board data, and Certifications ==


Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:
* '''Pinecil V2 mainboard schematic:'''
# the display turns on when 5-21V is supplied
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 2.0 20220608, this is production version schematic]
#* via USB type C or 5525 center positive barrel
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_PCB_placement_v2.0_20220608.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 2.0 PCB Component Placement PDF file]
# it gets 20V from a 20V capable USB PD charger
#* check both orientations of the type C connector
# in update mode, it shows up on a computer as a GD32 DFU bootloader (or longan nano)
#* this requires a data capable USB cable
#* to enter update mode, press <code>-</code> (button near back/ground screw) while powering on
# both buttons work
#* <code>-</code> to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
#* <code>+</code> to turn on heating or select a menu item
# the displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
#* menu -> User interface -> Display orientation -> Automatic
# all 3 external screws are present
## one near the back near the screen (ground screw)
## one at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
## one at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
# the tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
#* see [[#Caring for a soldering iron]] in case it is used
# it heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
#* this may draw up to ~3A, make sure the supply can provide that
#* minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
# the reported temperature is correct
#* if no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
# if there are multiple tips, check all of them


== Datasheets for components and peripherals ==
* '''Pinecil V2 Certifications:'''
* GigaDevice RISC-V SoC information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20CE%20Certificate%20LCSA070722058E.pdf Pinecil V2 CE Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_Datasheet_Rev%201.1.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Datasheet V1.1]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20FCC%20Certificate%20LCSA070722057E.pdf Pinecil V2 FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_User_Manual_EN_V1.2.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Usermanual V1.2]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecilv2%20ROHS%20Report%20LCSA070722059R.pdf Pinecil V2 ROHS Report]
* Display Module information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/1810010328_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.pdf QUG 9616TSWCG02 Display Module Datasheet]
* USB Type-C PD Controller information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/FUSB302-D.PDF ON Semiconductor FUSB302 USB Type-C PD Controller Datasheet]
* Sensor information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/BMA223-Bosch.pdf Bosch BMA223 Acceleration Sensor Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Silicon Lab Si7210 Hall-Effect Magnetic Position Sensor Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/TMP35_36_37.pdf Analog Device TMP36 Temparature Sensor Datasheet]
* Power Regulator information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/RT7272B-05.pdf Ricktek RT7272B 3A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on mainboard]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/LP6498B6F.pdf LowPowerSemi LP6498B6F 1.2A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on breakout board]
* Power MOSFET Switch information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/Changjiang-Electronics-Tech-CJ-CJQ7328.pdf Chang Jiang CJQ7328 8A MOSFET Datasheet]
* OP Amp information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGMicro SGM8557-1 Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet]


== Power Supply Compatibility ==
* '''Pinecil V1 mainboard schematic''' (V1 was sold pre- Aug 2, 2022):
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_schematic_v1.0a_20201120.pdf Pinecil mainboard schematic ver 1.0 20201120, this is production version schematic]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top PDF file]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.pdf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom PDF file]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-topplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Top Drawing file]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil-PCB-placement-v1.0-bottomplace.dxf Pinecil mainboard ver 1.0 PCB Component Placement Bottom Drawing file]


The Pinecil can either work with a 12-21V battery or power supply via the DC barrel 5525 (5.5mm outer diameter, 2.5mm post) center-positive jack, or with any USB-C power supply that supports the USB-PD (Power Delivery) specification or QC2, QC3. Note that QC2 and most QC3 power supplies will only be able to provide at most 12V, limiting the Pinecil to about 17W of thermal capability which is weak and slow.
* '''Pinecil V1 Certifications:'''
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20CE%20RED%20Certificate-S20102803801001.pdf Pinecil CE RED Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20FCC%20Certificate-S20102803802001.pdf Pinecil FCC Certificate]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/cert/Pinecil%20RoHS10%20Certificate-S20102803803001.pdf Pinecil ROHS Certificate]


A USB-C PD type power supply / power bank that is 20V+/65W, allows the Pinecil to deliver the full 60W of heat to soldering tip. USB PD type power supplies with at least 20V+/65W+/3amp+ is highly recommended (higher V/W/A will work too as long as it's PD type).


For certain QC power adapters, there is a limited time for QC negotiation, otherwise voltage will fall back to 5V.<br>
* '''[https://pine64.com/product/pinecil-break-out-board/ Pinecil breakout board] schematic''':
Starting from firmware v2.16, there is a PD timeout setting (in 100ms steps) which allows QC negotiation to start earlier.<br>
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_Schematic_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board schematic ver 1.0 20201005]
This enables some QC adapters to work (like some of the Baseus QC chargers) but may result in problems with PD negotiation on slower PD adapters.
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/Pinecil/Pinecil_Breakout_Board_PCB_layout_v1.0_20201005.pdf Pinecil breakout board PCB layout ver 1.0]
* Photos:
<gallery>
File:Pinecil-breakout-board-02.jpg|Store photo
File:Pinecil breakout top.jpg|Top view
File:Pinecil breakout bottom.jpg|Bottom view
</gallery>


For certain adapters, a PD timeout value of 15 is needed while most of PD adapters are also work using this value.
== Datasheets for Components and Peripherals ==
=== Pinecil V2 ===


* USB-C PD Controller data:
** [https://rocelec.widen.net/view/pdf/0av2cqef3a/FAIR-S-A0001311862-1.pdf?t.download=true&u=5oefqw FUSB302MPX, location U1]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/span-style-background-color-ff0-USB-span-ICs_onsemi-Fusb302mpx_C442699.html Replacement FUSB302MPX]


Known working PD/QC/Barrel power adapters / power banks include:
* Power Regulators:
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/1912111437_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.pdf  LP 3986-33, Ultra-low noise LDO Regulator, location U5]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/Linear-Voltage-Regulators-LDO_LOWPOWER-LP3986-33B3F_C387689.html  Replacement LP 3986-33]
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/2108072230_TECH-PUBLIC-TP6841S6_C2844736.pdf TP6841S6 40V Step-Down Buck Converter, location U8]
*** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/DC-DC-Converters_TECH-PUBLIC-TP6841S6-A_C2844924.html Replacement TP6841S6-A]


Power adapter:
* Sensor data:
** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Attitude-Sensor-Gyroscope_Hangzhou-Silan-Microelectronics-SC7A20TR_C5126709.html SC7A20, Acceleration/Gyroscope sensor, Silan, location U9]
** [https://media.digikey.com/pdf/Data%20Sheets/TDK%20PDFs/NTCG163JF103FTDS_Spec.pdf NTC Temperature Sensor, location NTC1 (U10 will be empty if NTC is used)]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/span-style-background-color-ff0-NTC-span-Thermistors_TDK-NTCG163JF103FTDS_C435270.html Replacement NTCG163JF103FTDS]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor Si7210-B-00-IV(R), by Silicon Labs, Optional add-on, location U14]
*** [https://www.silabs.com/documents/public/application-notes/an1018-si72xx-sensors.pdf How magnets work near Hall Sensor Si7210]
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Position-Sensor_SILICON-LABS-SI7210-B-00-IVR_C2654956.html Get it here]


* PinePower Desktop [https://pine64.com/product/pinepower-120w-desktop-power-supply-us-version/ PinePower Desktop]
* Power MOSFET Switch:
* Apple 140W 28V EPR charger with certified [https://smile.amazon.com/Transfer-Certified-Compatible-Thunderbolt-DisplayPort/dp/B09ZY2LSR1/ EPR Cable]
** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/2105241831_HUASHUO-HSM4313_C2828487.pdf HSM4313 MOSFET, location U13]
* [https://www.nekteck.com/product/usb-if-certified-usb-c-charger-nekteck-60w-type-c-wall-charger-power-delivery-pd3-0-travel-charger-compatible-with-macbook-pro-2018-macbook-air-ipad-pro-pixel-3-galaxy-note-9-s9-with-6ft-cable/ Nekteck 60W with 6ft cable]
** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/MOSFETs_HUASHUO-HSM4313_C2828487.html Replacement HSM4313]
* Notebook AC Adapter HP L30757-002 (PD@20V)
* Notebook AC Adapter Lenovo ADLX65YLC3D (PD@20V)
* Smartphone Charger Samsung EP-TA20EWE (QC2@9V)
* Smartphone Charger Google Pixel G1000-US (PD@9V)
* Nintendo Switch AC Adapter (USB-C wall-wart) (PD@15V)
* Notebook Docking Station HP Thunderbolt Dock 230W G2 (PD@20V)
** (had problems with lower firmware versions, but works fine Pinecil firmware: 2.15 and DockingStation firmware: 1.0.69.1)
* Ankosen 65W USB C Charger for Mac Book and Laptop Fast Wall Charger, GaN PD 3.0 Power Adapter Amazon $9.99 (https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08T1P7ZRW)
* Apple 140W USB-C Power Adapter A2452 (PD@20V)
* Amazon Basics 65W One-Port GaN USB-C PD 3.0 (https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B087MD5MYH)
* Charger Harbor SAIL01 65W Dual USB-C Power Delivery GaN PPS $12.99 (https://www.amazon.com/dp/B097CVQ868)
* Baseus GaN2 Pro Quick Charger 100W (CCGAN100UE) (PD@20V)


Adapters:
* Operational Amplifier:
* Elecjet AnyWatt SQ, USB-C to Lenovo Square Slim-Tip Adapter 45W or 65W, used with a 65W Lenovo Supply (PD@20V, Pinecil shows 64W)
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGM8557-1,SGMicro , Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet, location U11]


Power bank:
* Display Screen OLED:
* [http://beta.blitzwolf.com/-p-15.html Blitzwolf BW-P1 10400mAh QC2]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/1810010328_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.pdf QUG-9616TSWCG02 Display OLED Datasheet]
* [https://www.bestbuy.com/site/insignia-80w-26800-mah-portable-charger-for-most-usb-c-laptops-black/6419522.p?skuId=6419522 Insignia 80W 26,800mAh NS-PWLB80]
** [https://www.lcsc.com/product-detail/OLED-Displays-Modules_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.html Replacement QUG-9616TSWCG02 OLED Display]
* Baseus BiPow 10000mAh 18W PD&QC3.0
* [https://www.amazon.de/gp/product/B07KRLRCDJ/ Intenso 7332330 Powerbank PD 10000 - External Battery PowerDelivery & QuickCharge3] - 10000mAh Powerbank, the Pinecil shows 12V and about 17W when heating up, using USB C PD (Red Silicone Pinecil cable)
* Marbero M87 30W PD 3.0
* [https://www.amazon.co.uk/Charmast-23800mAh-Delivery-Portable-Compatible/dp/B08ML1PHB2 Charmast C2032 65W Power Bank], maximum power at 20V is only available from the IN/OUT usb C port, the OUT usb C port delivers only 12V.


Limited usability:
* MCU: Bouffalo Labs, BL-706_QFN48, RISC-V + 2.4 GHz RF SoC Information:
* Notebook AC Adapter Delta Electronics ADP-65JH BB (DC@19V) and ADP-90CD DB (1.7x 4.8mm need adaptor, tip is not DC5525)
** [https://lupyuen.github.io/articles/bl706 BL706 Analysis by Lupyuen, includes datasheet, location U15]
* Notebook AC Adapter LITEON PA-1700-02 (DC@18.5V, 65W) (tip is 1.7mmx5.5mm would need adaptor for DC5525)
** [https://github.com/bouffalolab/bl_mcu_sdk SDK and Bouffalo documents]
* Nillkin 63W USB Car Charger Quick Charge 3.0 PD (Pinecil Firmware: 2.14.2425902)
*** [https://datasheet.lcsc.com/lcsc/1912111437_TAE-Zhejiang-Abel-Elec-TAXM32M4ZFBCCT2T_C388797.pdf SMD Resonator 32MHZ/12PF-10PPM, SMD2016-4P, location UX1]
** QC3@9V/12V and PD@15V work, PD@20V doesn't
*** [https://lcsc.com/product-detail/Crystals_TAE-Zhejiang-Abel-Elec-TAXM32M4ZFBCCT2T_C388797.html Replacement SMD Resonator 32MHz/12PF-10PPM]
** PD@20V works fine when using PDC004-20V or ZY12PDN on dc jack (DC@20V, limit: 45W)


Not compatible:
=== Pinecil V1 ===
* Smartphone Charger RAVpower 30W Dual USB Turbo Wall Charger (Should provide QC3@9V/12V, but only provides 5 V on both ports)
* GigaDevice RISC-V SoC data:
* Sabrent HB-B7C3 USB3 hub, 7 data ports, 3 charge ports, 60W supply -- does not negotiate higher voltages.
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_Datasheet_Rev%201.1.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Datasheet V1.1]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/GD32VF103_User_Manual_EN_V1.2.pdf GigaDevice RISC-V GD32VF103TB SoC Usermanual V1.2]
* Sensor data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/BMA223-Bosch.pdf Bosch BMA223 Acceleration Sensor Datasheet]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/TMP35_36_37.pdf Analog Device TMP36 Temparature Sensor Datasheet (U10)]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/si7210-datasheet.pdf Hall Effect Sensor (Si7210-B-00-IV by Silicon Labs), Optional add-on at U14 location]
* Display Module data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/1810010328_UG-Univision-Semicon-UG-9616TSWCG02_C88335.pdf QUG 9616TSWCG02 Display Module Datasheet]
* USB Type-C PD Controller data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/FUSB302-D.PDF ON Semiconductor FUSB302 USB Type-C PD Controller Datasheet]
* Power Regulator data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/RT7272B-05.pdf Ricktek RT7272B 3A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on mainboard]
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/LP6498B6F.pdf LowPowerSemi LP6498B6F 1.2A Switching Power Regulator Datasheet - on breakout board]
* Power MOSFET Switch data:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/Changjiang-Electronics-Tech-CJ-CJQ7328.pdf Chang Jiang CJQ7328 8A MOSFET Datasheet]
* OP Amp information:
** [https://files.pine64.org/doc/datasheet/pinecil/SGM8557.pdf SGMicro SGM8557-1 Low Noise OP Amp Datasheet]


== Pinecil in Media ==
* [https://www.reddit.com/r/PINE64official/comments/xk9vxu/most_interesting_man_in_the_world_i_dont_always/ Pinecil Humor]
* [https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/pinecil-v2  Tomshardware Review]


[[Category:Pinecil]]
[[Category:Pinecil]]

Latest revision as of 07:05, 2 October 2022

Pinecil is a portable, temperature controlled soldering iron. It also has the intended use of being a Risc-V development device using a breakout board (V2 in Photo)

Authenticity

The Pinecil's main features are:
  • Portability
  • Settable temperature
  • Soldering tips:
    • Replaceable
    • Many styles available. Currently sold as 2 separate sets of 4, one fine set, the other larger.
    • Compatible with TS100
  • Flexible power sources:
    • USB Type C power delivery
    • DC 5525 Barrel jack
    • Battery: 3S/4S/5S LiPo batteries or 18V-21V Lithium-ion tool batteries
  • Pinecil V2 has a BL706 chip, see batch changes below.
    • Board schematics are open. Software is open. Create your own!
    • Pinecil breakout boardlets you use JTAG, GPIO, A2D, SPI, and more.

There are additional features that include (useful for devkit):

  • A Programmable Risc-V BL706 embedded processor
  • 0.69" Monochrome Display that can render text or graphics
  • Support for Idle detection, sleep mode of tip, automatic shut-down
  • Programmable with tools from Bouffalo Labs, HomeBrew or Linux RISC-V.

There are no PINE64 Pinecils sold on AliExpress. They are not made by PINE64. There are no authorized resellers on AliExpress. Some manfacturer has copied the PINE64 company name, trademark and Pinecone logo and is selling a product made to look like Pinecil through many store fronts, but it is not an authentic. They use a different type of box, i.e., a blue or red box. They are all fake copies and do not go through the same quality control as Pine64. It is unclear what type of chips or poor quality cloned chips are used in them. They are not recommended. Genuine Pine64 Pinecil only comes in a black color with a silicone thumb grip (sky blue V1, teal green V2). The original V1 always came in a black box. This model was discontinued and has not been made or sold by PINE64 or authorized resellers since July 2022.

The current official Pinecil (a.k.a. V2) only comes in a white box (see Pictures), it has a black color handle with a teal green silicone thumb grip. If you receive anything that has the PINE64 brand name and Pinecone and does not look like described, it is a fake copy that was not made or authorized by PINE64 or the Pine Store Ltd (see Authenticity Checker below, all real PINE64 Pinecils purchased after Aug. 2, 2022 should pass the checker if they are genuine).

Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker

Pinecil V2 comes with a unique internal ID/Serial number. Check if your Pinecil is Authentic here:

Pinecil V2 Authenticity Checker

Where to buy a Pinecil

PINE64 Official Stores

PINE64 EU

Official affiliates

Other sites selling real Pinecil


In July 2022, all final stock sold out of PINE64 Pinecil V1 (with GD32VF103) at the Pine Store & all resellers. There are zero new authentic Pinecil V1 sold in the world after July 2022. Pinecil V1 was made in a black color with a sky blue finger grip. PINE64 never made an all-blue pinecil, and never used blue or red color boxes (those are fake copies with fake PINE64 logos and Pinecone).

Starting Aug. 2, 2022, only the new Pinecil V2 model with the new BL706 BLE bluetooth MCU are made by PINE64 and sold at all authentic resellers. They are black with a green finger grip (see photos in the Picture section). The new model has anti-counterfeiting features. Authentic Pinecil using the newest official Github IronOS firmware, will successfully pass the Authenticiy Checker website. If a new Pinecil does not have a BL706 chip, then it is a fake counterfeit. If the AliExpress seller tries to show "CE certification" documents as some type of proof, those are all copied public info from this Wiki page in the Certifications section. PINE64 publishes those as they are the CE/FCC certifications for the stamps on the Pinecil. They are not proof of purchase from the Pine Store Ltd.

Shipping & Tracking

How does it work?

  • Order Email: when the Pine Store receives an order, an initial email is sent out within one day. This email confirms your order was charged (check spam folders for 'Pine Store').
  • Shipping Email: after several more days, when the order is shipped, a second email is sent with a tracking number. This could take a week or more depending on China holidays, non-working days, health lock-down, or an overwhelming number of orders. In general, people report getting a shipping/tracking email within 5 days, just wait for this email (search emails for 'Pine Store').
  • If you don't get the first email soon after placing the order, then contact the Pine store as your order may not have completed or been charged.
  • Cheap shipping option: could take 3-7 weeks (a few reported 2 weeks), this sometimes gets delayed in the Customs department in your home country due to backlogs.
  • Courier shipping: more expensive, takes 4-10 business days based on feedback from PINE64 members.
  • Pine Store shipping policy

Tracking websites

  • https://parcelsapp.com/
  • https://www.17track.net/
  • The tracking number issued in the shipping email may not work for a couple days, just check again.
  • If you see the message "outbound imports cancelled," just wait. We think it's a poor short coded message. Members experience that it updates after 1-3 days to show a hand off from China Post to a USA facility. The message would be more clear if it was "outbound imports transferred/complete".

Usage

Overview

Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol IPA to remove factory residue before installing.
Do not try to bend the two internal contacts, they are made of a thin stiff spring metal and could break (not soft copper), but you could wipe them with IPA (including the small PCB pad below the contacts).
  1. Install the Tip: pinecil comes with a separate heating element, the tip.
    1. Remove the screw from the front top-side of handle. Then, gently push the tip all the way back until the wide collar/guard is touching the front of the plastic (see photo).
    2. Gently tighten/loosen this screw to install or swap the tip. (careful, tiny screws break easy, if tip does not fall out, it's tight enough)
    3. The bottom front screw should not touch the tip, it only holds the handle together (see fasteners).
  2. Supply Power: the USB-C port, connected to any supply, is enough power to show the display screen, but not necessarily enough to heat the tip.
    1. USB port at 5 volts (i.e., laptop) shows DC Low, this is enough for firmware updates and to view the menu, but not to run the soldering iron.
    2. See Power section for details on power options. QC 12V phone chargers will not work, too weak
  3. Heat the Tip: plug Pinecil into an appropriate power supply.
    1. Clicking [+] starts the tip heating.
    2. The detailed display option shows power draw, current temperature, supply voltage, and estimated time to reach target temperature.
    3. Adjust the target temperature with further clicks of [+] and [-] buttons.
    4. Wait a few seconds for the regular display to return, then hold down [-] for a moment to turn the heat off.
    5. You can observe the temperature measurement go up and down. Certain settings involve holding down both buttons (see Github IronOS for details on firmware settings).
  4. Using the Settings Menu:
    1. To check the firmware version, hold down the [-] button. It will display something like "v2.19.A3BBABC 13-07-22"
      1. This is the firmware number and release date, the date is July 13, 2022 in the example.
    2. Clicking [-] when heat is off steps through main categories menus to control a variety of settings, see Getting Started section.
    3. Clicking [-] also returns to the regular display of temperature and supply voltage (this view varies if you activate detailed idle). At other times it may show power draw.
    4. Click [-] to scroll to the the main menu section desired (i.e., User Interface). Then Click [+] button to change various internal settings. Then click [-] again to go to the next item in the sub-menu.
  5. Important notes:
    1. The iron will "sleep", switching to a lower temperature, after it has been put down for a short time, and heat up again when it is picked up.
    2. For Safety, unplug the soldering Iron when not in use or left unattended.
    3. To heat up the tip, we need a power supply that can provide at least 12V 3A to run. This is the bare minimum. Pinecil will heat slowly at only 12V/3A. To maximize performance, higher Volts/Amps/Watts is recommended (see Power Supply page).
      1. Option 1: a USB-C supply that can negotiate up to such a voltage. For maximum performance and good soldering experience, a USB-C PD65W, 20V, 3+ A charger is recommended (suitable for most users).
      2. Option 2: a supply with a DC 5525 barrel connector (+ pos center, - neg outside) that supplies anywhere from 12V-21V, 3+ amps (V1 Pinecil) or 12V-24V, 3+ amps (V2 Pinecil).
      3. Option 3: use a battery, i.e., an 18V-21V tool Battery with a Power Wheels adaptor, and a cable to plug into the Pinecil DC5525 barrel jack.
      4. You may have a suitable supply already that could be used, (see Power Supply page).
      5. While 12V-3A will work, it will not heat the tip as quickly and efficiently as a PD65W-20V Usb-C charger or a higher rated DC barrel charger.
      6. See warnings about using random DC barrel chargers, not all of them have the correct polarity or DC 5525 style plug and some may be too high of voltage which could damage the Pinecil.

Getting Started

  • Main Settings Menu: updated list is found in the firmware repository Settings Menu
    • Power settings: settings related to power, battery cells, input voltage.
    • Soldering settings: settings for soldering such as, boost temps, increments for temperature change
    • Sleep mode: power & tip saving, such as sleep mode, sleep temperature, and shutdown modes, motion sensitivity
    • User interface: settings such as, units C/F, display orientation, button reversal, animation speed, brightness, boot logo duration
    • Advanced settings: assorted catchall for settings that don't fit elsewhere or settings that require some thought before use. Restore default/factory settings is here. It will not change the firmware version, but rather resets the menu back to IronOS defaults. This is good to do after a major firmware update as settings may have been altered and need to be re-selected/customized again to work as expected.

Advanced Modifications

Community links

  • Want to hang out with other PINE64 Pinecil owners in the PINE64 open source community?
  • Need troubleshooting advice on PINE64 pinecil?

Join one of the Community Chat links

Discord Telegram Matrix

Firmware

The official firmware that comes with the Pinecil is open source Ralim's IronOS. It's a good idea to check for updates regularly as development is very active and there may be enhancements or new bug fixes available.

  • To submit a feature request, or help Ralim enhance the code, see Ralim's IronOS Issues
  • Ben (ralimtek) supports IronOS out of love for the IronOS creative open community. He volunteers countless hours coding, debugging, and enhancing IronOS with all the feature requests submitted.
  • To give some love back, you could donate to IronOS; buy Ralim a coffee/kofi or donate here.
  • One advantage of Pinecil (V1/V2) over other irons (i.e., Miniware) is you can not really brick them since Pinecil's bootloader is in rom. If there is a problem, just flash the firmware again or a different version. This empowers people to experiment and do forks of the main IronOS firmware.

Development efforts

Author Project Homepage Description
Ben Brown (ralimtek) Ralim's IronOS Official Pinecil firmware
Alvin Wong alvinhochun/gd32vf103-pinecil-demo-rs Rust code demos for Pinecil

Checklist

*Clean new tips with isopropyl alcohol to remove factory residue before installing (avoid strange behavior from poor contact).
*Do not bend the tiny internal contacts, they are thin spring metal and may break.
*Pinecil only uses one power port, the USB-C or the DC barrel, but never both at the same time. Damage will occur if attempted.

Upon receipt, or buying a used Pinecil, one may want to check the following:

  1. The display turns on when 5-24V is supplied (5-21V for older V1 models).
    • Use a USB type C cable or a DC 5525 center positive barrel (how to check polarity)
    • Caution: do not plug in both USB-C and DC5525 at the same time. This will destroy devices, posibly your laptop/pc.
    • The two ports are are used independently and not at the same time.
    • Note that 5v shows DC low and is not high enough to run Pinecil. 5V is only enough for firmware update and to see the menu.
  2. It gets full power.
    • 20V from a 20V capable USB-C PD charger or power from DC barrel charger that is the appropriate specifications. The screen displays the voltage from the charger.
    • Check both orientations of the type C cable (try to flip it if one way doesn't work)
  3. Check Update mode (see Ralim/IronOS for details on flashing updates)
    • Note: do not connect the DC barrel at the same time as a USB-C cable. Pinecil was designed to only have one cable plugged in a a time. You could damage devices doing this.
    • V2 does not have an new release yet (2.18 is the highest release version as of Oct.1, 2022).
      • It will need a different type of Updater/flasher which will be announced on Github/Ironos when a new release is available.
      • V2 owners with EPR 28V chargers are advised to join the Community chat linked in the wiki for possible Beta firmware versions.
      • If you have issues with V2 firmware, create a new Github Issues ticket
    • V1 can use Pine64 Easy Updater here (Windows/MAC)
    • Requires a data capable USB cable connected to a laptop or some appropriate device.
    • To enter update mode, hold down [-] (button near back/ground screw) while plugging in USB cable.
    • Screen is black/blank if you are correctly in update mode. This can be tested even if you are not updating the firmware.
  4. Both buttons work
    • - to enter menu or decrease temperature, long press to get software version info or to turn off heating
    • + to turn on heating or select a menu item
  5. The displayed text rotates according to gravity when orientation is set to Automatic
  6. All 3 external screws are present
    1. One near the back near the screen (ground screw)
    2. One at the front on top (to hold the tip in)
    3. One at the front on the bottom (to hold the case together)
  7. The tip is clean (uniformly silver at the front, with no pitting or texture)
  8. It heats up an installed tip, and stops increasing when it reaches the set point
    • This may draw up to ~3A, make sure the power supply can provide that
    • Minor overshoot may occur, but, disconnect power if the temperature keeps going up
  9. The reported temperature is correct
    • If no direct measurement is possible, set it to ~230°C and see if it just about melts SAC (lead-free) solder (~190°C for leaded)
  10. If there are multiple tips, clean all of them with IPA and check all of them.
  11. If the tip moves a little while using it, try to hold Pinecil with the screen sideways or screen downwards. Members found that if the screen is up and the screw loosens during use, then the tip wobbles a little. Changing holding angles helps the tip press against the solid barrel.

Specifications

Pinecil V2

  • Package: 15cm x 9cm x 2.2cm, white box (released Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 155mm with solder tip or 103mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 28g with solder tip, 18g without solder tip
  • Soldering Tip: includes type ST-B2 (short tip), Length 86mm, weight 8.2g
  • Platform: Ralim's IronOS build
  • Display: OLED White Color Monochrome Display 0.69" 96x16 pixels
  • Chipset: Bouffalo BL-706
  • CPU: 32-bit RV32IMAFC RISC-V “SiFive E24 Core” @ 144 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 192KB Internal Flash
    • 132KB SRAM System
  • Power Ports (12V-24V, 88 Watts):
    • Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
    • USB type C: PD 12V-20V 3A and QC 3.0 12V-20V 3A (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Barrel Jack: DC5525, 12V-24V, minimum 3amps.
    • Trying to use an incorrect barrel jack, i.e., DC5521 will BREAK the connector (if it doesn't go in easy, it doesn't fit).
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-24V, but a 12V USB-C charger will not perform as well or heat as fast as a USB-C PD65W/20V/3amp charger.
    • Tentative support: EPR 140W/28V PD3.1 chargers + EPR cables are theoretically supported in hardware and IronOS firmware.
      • EPR is new technology in 2022. Theoretically Pinecil could get a max of 28V and 126W using EPR chargers & EPR cables (natural loss of 140W to 126W due to Tip ohms).
      • Bleeding edge users are using/testing this.
      • EPR is potentially the fastest/highest performance possible for V2; officially Pine Store states 12V-24V, 88W.

Pinecil V1

  • Package: 16.8cm x 11.8cm x 2.3cm, black box with clear plastic front (sold before Aug 2, 2022)
  • Dimensions: 170mm with solder tip or 98mm without solder tip x 12.8mm x 16.2mm
  • Weight: 30g with solder tip, 20g without solder tip
  • Display: 0.67" QUG 9616TSWCG02 96x16 Monochrome Matrix display
  • CPU: GD32VF103TB 32-bit RV32IMAC RISC-V “Bumblebee Core” @ 108 MHz
  • Memory:
    • 128KB Flash
    • 32KB SRAM
  • Power supply (12V -21V, 65W):
    • Only use one power port at a time (usb or DC barrel)
    • DC 12V-21V 5525 Barrel Jack. Do not try to use a larger 5521 (which requires excessive force). It will BREAK the connector.
    • USB-C 12-20V PD or QC3.0 (magnetic tip USB-C cables are not recommended, and not USB compliant)
    • Recommend operating voltage 12-21V, some components can tolerate higher voltages at "absolute maximum" but it's very ill-advised

Fasteners

Manuals

Potential Watts of different Power Supplies

Type Volts / Tip Ω = Amps * Volts = Watts
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 8.0 Ω = 2.5A * 20V = 50W
USB-C PD3.0 20V / 6.2 Ω = 3.2A * 20V = 64W
DC Barrel 24V / 8.0 Ω = 3.0A * 24V = 72W
DC Barrel 24V / 6.2 Ω = 3.8A * 24V = 92W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 8.0 Ω = 3.5A * 28V = 98W
*EPR PD3.1 28V / 6.2 Ω = 4.5A * 28V = 126W
*V2 models tentatively support 28V-140W EPR chargers with certified EPR cables. PINE64 officially states V2 up to 24V-88W.
  • Ralim's IronOS firmware supports EPR 28V-140W on Pinecil V2 models.
  • EPR is new to the market in 2022; they are expensive and require special EPR cables.
  • EPR is backwards compatible for all USB-C devices, so EPR chargers/cables can be used for everything else Usb-C as well.
QC is not recommended as Pinecil V2 requires a minimum of 3 Amps or more to work properly (see Pine Store Official rating on power ports). Most QC 12V phone chargers are only 1.5 Amps, this will lead to [Thermal Runaway] messages because of weak power.
Click Here for Compatible Power Supplies and Cables

Disassembly steps

Video of Alternate Method for opening Pinecil here.
  1. It is recommended to take photos to help with reassembly.
  2. Loosen the top tip screw (PH1) (top is the side with the screen).
  3. Gently pull the tip out and set aside (let the tip cool down first or use protection to prevent burns).
  4. Slide the rubber thumb grip off the front.
  5. Remove the bottom-front screw (between the bottom feet (PH1)).
  6. Remove the ground screw (longer m2x4mm screw next to the screen near the (-) button (PH1)).
  7. Slightly pull the two halves of the case apart at the tip front end first, enough to get a fingernail or guitar pick between 2 parts.
  8. Move the pick down the length of the split to loosen the bottom half's clips from the top half of the case.
  9. Once loose, remove the bottom half by sliding it a little forward (it is retained by the top half at the DC barrel side).
  10. Remove the screws retaining the copper tip contacts (PH000, M1.4 x 5).
  11. Remove the copper tip contacts (note the orientation of the contacts & tiny tab hole).
  12. Lift the PCB gently up from Tip end.
  13. Remove the round copper contact under the PCB, near the tip end of the handle (this is installed first before the PCB).
  14. Remove the two small buttons so they do not get lost.

Assembly steps

  1. Place the key caps into their recesses in the top half of the case.
  2. Install the round copper ground contact at the tip end before installing the PCB.
  3. Place the PCB assembly into handle at an angle, DC barrel end goes in first.
    1. Lower the rest of the board into the case and align the PCB with the 2 contact screw holes.
  4. Install the two copper tip contacts (note the small tab on the contact and the small hole in the PCB for it).
    1. Orient the contact to align the alignment pin with the alignment hole next to the big hole on one of the big gold pads.
    2. Install and gently tighten the PH000 screw until the clip is no longer loose.
  5. Place the bottom half of the case into the top half by sliding the lip on the port side (side without the feet) of the bottom half under the arch of the port side of the top half.
  6. Gently close the case by bringing the two halves together, paying attention to each clip's alignment and ensuring the case edges align.
  7. Install the short PH1 screw at the bottom of the tip side of the case.
  8. Install the longer PH1 screw at the ground connection point at the top side of the case (between the display and the ports).
  9. Slide the rubber sleeve on (larger ridge first).
  10. Gently insert tip.
  11. Gently tighten the top PH1 screw to retain the tip.

Pictures

Pre-release:

Production:

PCB:

Accessories:

Pinecil tips


Sold at the Pine Store

  • Fine Tip set 1 (left) & Gross (large) set 2 (right):
  • Both sets are 8 ohm tips and are the standard length like other TS100 style tips

PinecilTipSets.jpg


  • Pine64 Short tip is only 6.2 ohm for higher performance, 86mm length
  • Recommend PD65W-20V or better PSU when using short tips).

Pinecil-ST-B2.jpg

  • Other Tips that are compatible with Pinecil

TS100-Tip-Styles.png

Common resistance for tips, from top to bottom:

  • Pine64 short tip 6.2 ohm, new
  • no brand long tip 7.9 ohm, new
  • Miniware long tip 8.0 ohm, new
  • no brand long tip 8.3 ohm, lightly used

TipResistance2.png

  • The shorter tip is designed for higher performance but requires more power (minimum usb-C PD65W, 20V, 3+amp charger recommended).
  • For example with a PD65W-20V charger, the max watt with a standard 8ohm tip is 50W, whereas the max watt with a 6.2 ohm tip is ~64 watts (watts/volts calculator).

Guides for Soldering & Maintenance

Guides to Soldering

Does Solder type and Flux matter?

How do I keep the Tip Clean?

What Temperature should I use?

Cases and 3D Models

Batch changes

V2

  • On Aug. 2, 2022, Pinecil V2 was released with improved hardware & accesories. It retains the same ergonomics and design as the original Pinecil, and will work with any accessories you already have including existing cases and tips. It comes with a teal color silicone grip versus the sky blue finger grip from Pinecil V1. It also includes one of Pine64's newly designed shorter 6.2 ohm tips. By reducing the tip resistance from 8 to 6.2 ohms, it allows greater performance and and faster heating (64W @ 20V compared to 8ohm tips which allowed a max of 50W to Pinecil). Pinecil V2 is rated for 12V-24V.
  • Key changes in V2: new processor (BL706), higher maximum input voltage (24V), tentative support for USB-PD EPR (28V), support for measuring tip resistance, allows automatic detection of 6.2 vs 8 ohm tips. A notable improvement is the new BL706 RISC-V processor from Bouffalo. It is similar to the BL602 in the Pinenut. The BL706 features Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE / Zigbee); future IronOS firmware releases will work to expose features over BLE. This is not trivial work, but as people contribute to the opensource code of Github/IronOS, the BLE will be expanded.
  • Things staying the same in V2: V2 still uses a RISC-V processor, but adds noticeable upgrades to the hardware. GPIO is broken out on USB-C for creating your own projects, same pinout as Pinecil V1, same great feel, including the rubber grip, works with all existing tips, same DC input + USB-C input connections, same case as V1 and compatibility with the clear/black/red cases.
  • In V2 labeling, the 88W figure comes from a 6.5ohm tip calculation. The reason for using 6.5 instead of 6.2 for the new short tips calculation is due to tolerance during manufacturing, and leaving a conservative margin of error (actual tips appear to be 6.2 ohms). V2 set max voltage is listed as 24V because this was the value used during design and component selection.

V1

  • For the first manufacture batch (October 2020, order number 158xxx) of the Pinecil, the copper ring connecting the earth screw to the tip was omitted as the engineering team found the TS100 design lacking. For the second round onwards, an improved design copper ring has been included as standard, and is also included with the replacement clear and black handles. For normal operation of the iron, omission of the ring does not impact it's operation. If you are working with ESD components, you will need it in order to ground the iron tip via the earth screw at the back of the iron.
  • The first batch of Pinecil's were rated 12-24v @ 65W. After some heated discussion on the discussion group, it was decided that it would be downgraded to 12-21V @ 60W, due to concern over the connection of the DC jack to the USB-PD chip, which has a recommended maximum of 21v, and absolute maximum of 28v.

Schematics, Board data, and Certifications


Datasheets for Components and Peripherals

Pinecil V2

Pinecil V1

Pinecil in Media