Difference between revisions of "Pinebook Pro SPI"

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(Add detail about metal shield removal including a forum link with photos)
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=== Demanding, but reliable maskrom mode procedure ===
 
=== Demanding, but reliable maskrom mode procedure ===
  
# Compile rkdeveloptools --> https://github.com/rockchip-linux/rkdeveloptool.
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# Compile rkdeveloptools (see [https://github.com/rockchip-linux/rkdeveloptool project repository] for instructions)
 
# Unscrew bottom cover.
 
# Unscrew bottom cover.
 
# Remove the metal shield surrounding main CPU - it is held in place by a tape and micro clamps on pcb. The clamps can released with a pry tool and some force. [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=11073&pid=75096#pid75096 This forum post with photos] shows how it can be done.
 
# Remove the metal shield surrounding main CPU - it is held in place by a tape and micro clamps on pcb. The clamps can released with a pry tool and some force. [https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=11073&pid=75096#pid75096 This forum post with photos] shows how it can be done.

Revision as of 01:48, 1 September 2020

Pinebook Pro SPI

Writing to the Pinebook Pro SPI

Necessary Items:

1. A screwdriver
2. USB Type-A to USB-C cable
3. Another Computer with a USB-A 3.0 port

  • Not a requirement but if you want to boot from NVMe you need:

4. A bootable NVMe (i.e., with /boot/boot.txt having root=/dev/whatever_your_nvme_is plus some operating system.

Procedure:

1. Build and install rkdeveloptool on your other computer, find out all the info to do that on their Github.

2. Verify correct and successful installation:

rkdeveloptool --version should output: rkdeveloptool ver 1.3

3. On the same computer, make a directory to hold the necessary files.

mkdir ~/PBPBoot
You will need to have two files in this directory:

Note: SPI binaries are built for SPI environment only. It will not work if you try putting it on your eMMC.

mv rk3399_loader_spinor_v1.15.114.bin ~/PBPBoot
mv dhiv_SPI_uboot.bin ~/PBPBoot
cd ~/PBPBoot

4. Put the Pinebook Pro into maskrom mode:

  • Remove all bootable devices from your Pinebook Pro.
  • Plug the Type-A end into your non-Pinebook Pro device.
  • Plug the Type-C end into your Pinebook Pro.

5. Reboot the Pinebook Pro.

To verify you are in maskrom mode, with your computers connected, run rkdeveloptool ld
You should get an output like this: DevNo=1 Vid=0x2207,Pid=0x330c,LocationID=1401 Maskrom

6. Flash the flash helper db file.

rkdeveloptool db rk3399_loader_spinor_v1.15.114.bin
Upon success, the output should read Downloading bootloader succeeded.

7. Flash the new SPI binary.

rkdeveloptool wl 0 dhiv_SPI_uboot.bin
Successful output should read: Write LBA from file (100%).

8. Test the installation.

rkdeveloptool td
Successful output should read Reset Device OK.

9. Run rkdeveloptool rd to reboot your Pinebook Pro.

Recovering from broken SPI flashes/installs

If you accidentally soft brick your PBP there is special mode implemented called maskrom mode. In this mode the device is accessible as regular USB device and can be accessed using rkdeveloptools, especially to rewrite SPI flash or to erase it.

Upon entering maskrom mode, the power LED on your PBP won't light up and neither will the display. Instead, your second machine, the one connected to your PBP via USB, will indicate maskrom mode by logging to journalctl.

Below are the two known procedures to enter maskrom mode.

Simple, but unreliable maskrom mode procedure

According to Rockchip documentation, these steps should work; unfortunately, many users have reported them to be unsuccessful. You may need to repeat these steps several times for them to work.

  1. Press and hold recovery button.
  2. Short press reset.
  3. Release recovery button after about 3 seconds.

Why this procedure is unreliable is not clear, but there are two suspicions:

  • The button is not working correctly or is just prone to failures.
  • The problem occurs only when the SPI was previously flashed.

The button works by shorting two pins in an SPI device. But in some cases it just does nothing. Fortunately, the two pins can shorted by hand, as described in the next procedure.

Demanding, but reliable maskrom mode procedure

  1. Compile rkdeveloptools (see project repository for instructions)
  2. Unscrew bottom cover.
  3. Remove the metal shield surrounding main CPU - it is held in place by a tape and micro clamps on pcb. The clamps can released with a pry tool and some force. This forum post with photos shows how it can be done.
  4. Disconnect all (!!!) boot devices (emmc, sdcard, usb).
  5. Locate SPI flash (number 29 on picture with Pinebook Pro internals).
  6. Connect your PBP with USB-C - USB-A cable to another computer (PBP on USB-C side)
  7. Turn on PBP, short pins CLK and VSS and press reset. It should get your PBP into maskrom mode. (see picture)

Spi.png

Zeroing out SPI Flash

On another computer:

1. Create a file filled with zeros

dd if=/dev/zero of=zerospi bs=1M count=16

2. Write the file to SPI.
rkdeveloptool db rk3399_loader_spinor_v1.15.114.bin
rkdeveloptool wl 0 zerospi
rkdeveloptool td
rkdeveloptool rd