Frequently asked questions about the PineTime

From PINE64
Jump to navigation Jump to search

How do I install new software on it?

See this page to see various methods of reprogramming the devkit PineTime.

Does the PineTime run Linux?

No. Please read this forum article for information about Linux on PineTime: https://forum.pine64.org/showthread.php?tid=8112

How long does it take to ship my PineTime?

That depends on whether you chose for Standard or Express shipping. Standard shipping for the dev kit may take up to a few weeks.

My PineTime arrived, now what?

You should start by testing out all the features of the watch, to make sure everything works. You can do this using the software that was preinstalled on your device. Before doing any programming, setting up a dev cradle is recommended to keep the watch, its wires and your programmer nicely in place (Check out Lup Yuen Lee's first PineTime article for dev cradle inspiration: https://medium.com/swlh/sneak-peek-of-pinetime-smart-watch-and-why-its-perfect-for-teaching-iot-81b74161c159). Finally, you should remove the device's flash protection, after which you can flash your own software or someone else's to the device.

How do I remove flash protection?

PineTime watches shipped before 20 Sep 2020 have flash protection enabled.

The flash protection can be removed using multiple different methods. If you don't have anything except the PineTime, not even a Raspberry Pi, then you have to order a programmer online: you can use a J-Link, CMSIS-DAP dongle and various other programmers. See this page to see various methods of reprogramming the PineTime.

If your PineTime was shipped after 20 Sep 2020, you don't need to remove flash protection. They are shipped with flash protection disabled.

How do I connect the PineTime to a programmer?

Here's how: PineTime devkit wiring

Why can't you use ST-Link to remove nRF52 Flash Protection?

Because ST-Link is a High Level Adapter. It doesn't really implement all SWD functions, just a subset. For performance I think. More details in the section "Why Visual Studio Code with ST-Link (instead of nRFgo Studio with J-LINK)" in the article "Coding nRF52 with Rust and Apache Mynewt on Visual Studio Code" here: https://medium.com/@ly.lee/coding-nrf52-with-rust-and-apache-mynewt-on-visual-studio-code-9521bcba6004?source=friends_link&sk=bb4e2523b922d0870259ab3fa696c7da

Since we need a low level SWD adapter like Raspberry Pi anyway, can we do everything on a Pi instead of ST-Link + Windows?

Current progress with Pi and PineTime is here https://medium.com/@ly.lee/debug-rust-mynewt-firmware-for-pinetime-on-raspberry-pi-4b9ac2d093a9?source=friends_link&sk=edb508c31e43d3ec40ecd8554f3405f6

What's the OS that's preinstalled on the PineTime by default?

The watch, and its preinstalled OS, is built by a friend of TL. The software is proprietary and not made by Pine64 or its community. It can interact with the "Da Fit" app on Android. The dev kit contains this OS (and as a result, the flash protection) so that developers can test if all the hardware on their device is working correctly before they flash the device and start working on their own software.

The next version of the dev kit will be preloaded with Infinitime: https://github.com/JF002/Pinetime

Can we use this OS or its source code?

While it's not what the dev kit is for, you are of course free to use the watch with its preinstalled software as is. The preinstalled OS is proprietary, and its owner will not release the source code, so we cannot use this OS as a starting point.

Why is the back exposed? Is it supposed to snap on?

The back cover of the PineTime dev kit is exposed so that you can flash and debug the device with the SWD pins. The main unit and cover does not snap (lock) together. If you want to attach the back cover anyway, you can use glue or tape.

What hardware should I use to flash code to the PineTime?

There are several ways you can do this, check out Reprogramming the PineTime

I have experience developing on Arduino. How does the PineTime compare?

Arduino provides the Arduino IDE (or you use the avr-gcc and avrdude command-line tools) which you can use to compile and upload code to an Arduino board. The PineTime and its ARM processor doesn't have this, so you'll have to familiarize yourself with tools like GCC for AVR, and OpenOCD. Some experience with Arduino does translate over to the PineTime, especially if you've worked with LCD's, or SPI. The PineTime is at least four times faster than an Arduino Uno (even faster at certain specific workloads due to hardware acceleration), and it has 32 times more RAM and 16 times more flash storage.

My PineTime has the stock proprietary software on it, how do I set the time?

You can use either nRF Connect, custom GadgetBridge build or the proprietary Da Fit app.

My PineTime's screen shows garbage, how do I fix it?

This is usually caused by unplugging the device after it has booted, it needs to be reinitialised. To do so just restart the watch by removing power to it.

Is there a 3D model of PineTime available somewhere?

Not yet. Someone did design a cover you can snap on to keep the back shut: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4172849

Is there a standard agreed method of pushing OTA updates so that one could seal the PineTime dev kit nicely?

Infinitime is implementing OTA updates and a bootloader, allowing for other software to be flashed over Bluetooth.

What is ARM Semihosting?

So we know that we use the SWD (Single Wire Debug) protocol created by Arm for flashing and debugging Arm embedded CPUs. SWD being derived from standard JTAG, but with fewer wires With Arm CPUs you can trigger an software interrupt, and allow the debugger (OpenOCD) to do something really nifty Display a message, read console input, dump out a file, even read a file! That's called ARM Semihosting http://www.keil.com/support/man/docs/armcc/armcc_pge1358787046598.htm

What is OpenOCD?

OpenOCD is Open On-Chip Debugger. It's the software that drives your microcontroller debugger/flasher. We need it for running any kind of flashing and debugging with Pi or ST-Link. gdb talks to OpenOCD for debugging firmware. And VSCode talks to gdb for debugging firmware visually. http://openocd.org/doc-release/html/About.html#What-is-OpenOCD_003f There have been no official updates for years, the closest one is by ntfreak: https://github.com/ntfreak/openocd (My SPI fork is based on this)

Can I use Pinebook Pro for developing PineTime?

Arm Embedded Toolchain for Pinebook Pro is here, if anyone needs it. It's linked with dynamic libraries, so I fear it might not work on your Pinebook Pro. Hoping to save you 7 hours of painful toolchain building... https://github.com/lupyuen/pinetime-rust-mynewt/releases/tag/v1.0.5

Are there any alternatives to the wrist band provided with the PineTime?

No, but PineTime accepts standard 20mm wrist band that is widely available by a third party.

Note that some sellers have a different point of view on what standard is. So you should always check the fitting to make sure it looks like the one used by PineTime.