ROCKPro64 Main Page

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The ROCKPro64 is the most powerful Single Board Computer released by Pine64. It is powered by a Rockchip RK3399 Hexa-Core (dual ARM Cortex A72 and quad ARM Cortex A53) 64-Bit Processor with MALI T-860 Quad-Core GPU.

Key features include a PCIe x4 open ended slot and the use of LPDDR4 RAM.

The ROCKPro64 is equipped with 2GB or 4GB LPDDR4 system memory and 128Mb SPI boot Flash. There is also an optional eMMC module (up to 128GB) and microSD slot for booting. The board is equipped with 1x USB 3.0 type C Host with DP 1.2, 1x USB 3.0 type A Host, 2x USB 2.0 Host, Gigabit Ethernet, PI-2 GPIO Bus, MiPi DSI interface, eDP interface, touch Panel interface, stereo MiPi CSI interface, as well as many other peripheral device interface such as UART, SPI, I2C, for makers to integrate with sensors and other peripherals. Various Operating Systems (OS) are made available by open source community including Android, Linux (Ubuntu, Debian, Arch) and BSD.


Board layout

ROCKPro64 annotated.jpg

A hi-res picture of v2.1 front
A hi-res picture of v2.1 rear

Main chips

  • RK3399 system-on-chip (1)
  • LPDDR4 SDRAM 1 (18)
  • LPDDR4 SDRAM 2 (3)
  • SPI NOR flash memory (17)
  • RK808 power management (near 19)
  • RTL8211 ethernet transceiver (near 25)
  • ES8316 Sound Codec (on rear of board)
  • The heatsink mounting holes around the RK3399 are 59 mm apart

Switches

The Power button (11): is the same as on your mobile phone - press and release after about 1 second to power on. Press and hold for about 3 seconds to power off.

The Reset button (10): perfoms a reset.

The Recover button (28): used to enter maskrom mode.

Connectors, sockets and headers

Diagram Schematic
designator
Silkscreen
label
Number
of pins
Description
2 U39 PI-2-bus 40 Pi-2 bus
4 J8 +FAN- 2 PWM controlled fan header
5 J10 SPDIF 3 SPDIF header
6 U6 +RTC- 2 RTC battery backup header
7 U31 Wifi-BT 16 SDIO WIFI/BT module-MIMO 2
8 USB3 9 USB-3 and USB Type C
9 USB1 2×4 Dual USB-2
12 IR1 IR 3 infrared receiver socket
13 J16 Headphone+mic 4 Headphone + mic 3.5mm jack
14 U29 EMMC 34 eMMC connector
14* J13 13 TF-card, a.k.a. microSD (* under 14 on the bottom side)
15 U30 14 SDIO WIFI/BT module-MIMO 1
19 J15 PCI 64 PCI-express X4 socket
20 J21 DSI 32 DSI
21 J22 EDP 32 LCD EDP
22 CON1 TP 6 touch panel connector
23 CON15 4 DC out for SATA disk cable (direct connect from DC-IN)
24 J11 DC-IN 2 Power input, positive tip; 12V/3A (minimum) recommended
25 U32 8 RJ45
26 J14 19 HDMI
27 J17 MIPI CAM 32 MIPI-1
29 J19 MIPI CAM 32 MIPI-2
30 J18 CIF 26 CIF

LEDs

A green LED next to the 12V input barrel connector will light as long as there is 12V applied to the connector. (Even if the RockPro64 is powered off.)

A white LED behind the reset button will light as long as the RockPro64 is running (it comes on a few seconds after power on, when control is passed to the operating system.)

A red LED behind the reset button is DIY - it is lit for example if the board is in OTG mode with an Ayufan image, or if an Android image is in standby mode.

Yellow and green LEDs on the LAN socket behave in a standard way.

Jumpers

They are used for boot device selection, as described in the following section.

Disable eMMC

There is an unlabelled (on the PCB silk-screen) 2-pin jumper (16) between the eMMC socket (14) and the SPI chip (17). It is designated as SW4 on the schematic diagram. The default condition is OPEN (no jumper). It is useful for controlling the boot as follows:

Default boot device (with no SPI software) is eMMC, then SDcard. If both the eMMC and the SDcard contain bootable images then the eMMC can be disabled by installing the jumper. This completely removes the eMMC from the resulting OS. If you wish the eMMC to be visible in the booted OS the jumper should be removed 2 seconds after applying power (and before the white LED comes on).

The possible combinations are summarised in the table below (1 = present, 0 = not present, S = boot from the µSD card, M = boot from the eMMC module, X = unsupported combination):

µSD eMMC SW4 boot
0 0 0 X
0 0 1 X
0 1 0 M
0 1 1 X
1 0 0 S
1 0 1 S
1 1 0 M
1 1 1 S

Disable SPI

There is a second possibility to jumper your ROCKPro64: If you mess-up your SPI and are unable to boot, it seems jumpering pins 23 (CLK) and 25 pin (GND) on the PI-2-bus header will disable the SPI as a boot device. (This was taken from the IRC logs, 09 August 2018 @ 17:23)


Getting Started

This section gives important information to get the board up and running.

Start here

In the 'ROCKPro64 Software Release' page you will find a complete list of currently supported Operating System images that work with the ROCKPro64 as well as other related software. The Software Release page has links to download the images as well as high level instructions how to load each image.

Please see the NOOB page for detailed discussion of what you need (prerequisites) as well as instructions if the high level instructions are insufficient.

More advanced Linux bits

Some Linux tips are given below.

How to update your Linux

For Debian/Ubuntu images entering the following commands at a terminal prompt

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

will keep your installation up to date. To update Ayufan images to the next release (when available) use the following command

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

If you are happy to update your system to pre-releases of Ayufan images then modify /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ayufan-rock64.list as per the comment in that file.

The kernel in Ayufan releases is under active development and, if you wish to install a later version, then it is best to use a package manager. In synaptic (for example), if you search for package names linux-image-4.4 you should see your currently installed version(s) as well as any more recent ones. Similarly if you wish to install the mainline kernel then searching for linux-image-4.18 will show you what is available. At the time of writing (August 2018) there are significant features missing from the mainline kernel for aarch64 processors (e.g. HDMI sound).

Useful scripts

After you install an Ayufan image you will find some scripts in /usr/local/sbin/ and /usr/local/bin/ that may be useful. (Need to expand this section)

Video playback

Ayufan has some old documentation on video playback here. For your ROCKPro64 the install should be

sudo apt-get install ffmpeg mpv libmali-rk-midgard-t86x-r14p0-gbm

(These modules are included in the Ayufan deskop releases.) At which stage rkmpv myvideo.mp4 will play a fullscreen, hardware assisted, version of your video. rkmpv is at /usr/local/bin/rkmpv

Swapping kernel versions

extlinux is in use on Ayufan images (at least) which enables some switching between installed kernel versions - intro documentation is here. In particular after you install any additional kernels, you can edit your /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf file to specify which of the kernels you have installed to use for the next boot.

Using an NVMe disk for rootfs

Forum member Bullet64 has documented how to move rootfs to an NVMe disk. This is useful until we get a full SPI option to boot from the NVMe.

More advanced bits related to any OS

This section gives some hints for advanced users.

Setup a serial console (UART)

The early adopters (and late-comers who fiddle excessively with their boards!) have a need to monitor the low-level boot behaviour: this is done with a serial console and there is a great description how to get this working specifically for your ROCKPro64 here.

Booting from USB or PXE

The default choice of boot device is first eMMC (if present) then SDcard. See jumpers above for details on adjusting this sequence.

It is possible to flash the SPI to extend the options for boot devices to USB drives or PXE. The preferred method is now the rock64_write_spi_flash.sh script (see useful scripts above.) The NOOB wiki page has more details here.

Background info and historic details of this usage can be found here.

OTG mode

You can boot your ROCKPro64 into OTG mode with the use of the Recover button (see switch 28 above.) Note there are 2 OTG ports on your ROCKPro64: the type-C USB 3 socket is definitely one. From the schematic it appears the USB 3 (type A) socket is the other, but this has yet to be confirmed.

The method is to power off the board. Then push and hold the Recover button and push and release the Power button.

  • If you have an Ayufan bootable image in either the SDcard or eMMC then there are 4 OTG modes described here including Android fastboot, RockUSB and MaskROM modes. Releasing the Recover button as soon as the white LED lights counts as 1 blink. Keeping it pressed you will get 2 blinks of the white LED etc. Once the board enters OTG mode the red LED will be lit. In mode 1 the boot and linux-root partitions of the card with the Ayufan image (partitions 6 & 7 of a linux installation) are made available as devices. In all cases the USB device made available at the host has device ID 18d1:d00d.
  • If you do not have an Ayufan image in either the SDcard or the eMMC, then neither white nor red LEDs will light, but the board will enter MaskROM mode where the USB device made available at the host has device ID 2207:330c.

NVMe drives

Please be aware that the Pine64 SSD interface card is intended for use with NVMe devices. These can be identified by the fact they have a single (Key M) notch, e.g. the WD Black devices.

While M2/NGFF SATA devices (with a Key B notch, typically have Key M as well) will physically fit, they will not work. e.g. WD Blue devices.

SATA drives

SATA drives can be connected directly via the ROCKPro64 PCIe interface card. Please note the card does not include the power cable - that is a separate item. Equally you must be aware that connecting SATA drives in this manner means they will be drawing power from your ROCKPro64 - please ensure you are using a 5A or better power supply.

Wi-Fi & Bluetooth module

If you have bought the Wi-Fi and Bluetooth module from the Pine store then instructions for connecting it can be found on the accessories page here. Please note that the 0.7.9 linux releases (August 2018) have deliberately DISABLED support for this module in the search for stability. It can be tested and used with the Android image.

7" LCD Touch Screen

Instructions for connecting the LCD touch screen from the Pine are here.

Note at present (August 2018) this screen is only supported by the Android image.

RTC battery backup

The Pine store has a couple of options for RTC battery backups: a AAA version here or a CR-2032 version here. Instructions for plugging in either of them are also on the Accessories page

Acryllic open enclosure

Assembly instructions for the acryllic enclosure from the Pine store are also on the Accessories page

NAS case

The Exploded View Installation Diagram for the NAS casing from the Pine store.

Detailed NAS Case overview and assembly instructions can be found here.

Software and OS Image Builds

Under ROCKPro64 Software Release you will find a complete list of currently supported Operating System images that work with the ROCKPro64 as well as other related software.


Board Features

This section outlines the most important characteristics of the board and its components.

SoC and Memory Specification

  • Based on Rockchip RK3399

Rockchip RK3399.png

CPU Architecture

  • Dual-core Cortex-A72 up to 2.0GHz CPU
  • Quad-core Cortex-A53 up to 1.5GHz CPU
  • big.LITTLE architecture: Dual Cortex-A72 + Quad Cortex-A53, 64-bit CPU
  • Cortex-A72:
    • 1-4x Symmetrical Multiprocessing (SMP) within a single processor cluster, and multiple coherent SMP processor clusters through AMBA 5 CHI or AMBA 4 ACE technology
    • AArch64 for 64-bit support and new architectural features
    • L1 cache 48KB Icache and 32KB Dcache for each A72
    • L2 cache 1024KB for big cluster
    • DSP & SIMD extensions
    • VFPv4 floating point
    • Hardware virtualization support
  • Cortex-A53:
    • L1 cache 32KB Icache and 32KB Dcache for each A53
    • L2 cache 512KB for little cluster
  • Full implementation of the ARM architecture v8-A instruction set
  • ARM Neon Advanced SIMD (single instruction, multiple data) support for accelerated media and signal processing computation
  • ARMv8 Cryptography Extensions
  • In-order pipeline with symmetric dual-issue of most instructions
  • Include VFP v3 hardware to support single and double-precision operations
  • TrustZone technology support
  • Full CoreSight debug solution
  • One isolated voltage domain to support DVFS

GPU Architecture

  • ARM Mali-T860MP4 Quad-core GPU
  • The highest performance GPUs built on Arm Mali’s famous Midgard architecture, the Mali-T860 GPU is designed for complex graphics use cases and provide stunning visuals for UHD content.
  • Frequency 650MHz
  • Throughput 1300Mtri/s, 10.4Gpix/s
  • OpenGL® ES 1.1, 1.2, 2.0, 3.1, 3.2., Vulkan 1.0*., OpenCL™ 1.1, 1.2., DirectX® 11 FL11_1., RenderScript™.

System Memory

  • LPDDR4 RAM Memory Variants: Dual Channels 2GB and 4GB.
  • Storage Memory: 128Mb built-in SPI Flash memory (as at August 2018 only support for USB boot).

Display

  • Dual VOP: one supports 4096x2160 with AFBC supported;The other supports 2560x1600
  • Dual channel MIPI-DSI (4 lanes per channel)
  • eDP 1.3 (4 lanes with 10.8Gbps) to support display, with PSR
  • Digital Video port up to 4Kp60
  • DisplayPort 1.2 (4 lanes, up to 4K 60Hz)
  • Supports Rec.2020 and conversion to Rec.709

Video

Audio

  • 3.5mm Phone Jack
  • 3-pin S/PDIF header
  • Audio via HDMI

Camera

  • Dual mipi CSI,dual ISP,Maximum input resolution of 13M pixels

Network

  • 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet
  • Wi-Fi 802.11 ac/a/b/g/n with Bluetooth 4.01 (optional)

Storage

  • microSD - bootable, support SDHC and SDXC, storage up to 256GB
  • eMMC - bootable (optional eMMC Module)
  • 1 USB3.0 Host port
  • 1 USB type C OTG port with DP output
  • 2 USB2.0 Dedicated Host port (top one is USB-OTG)

Expansion Ports

  • 2x20 pins "Pi2" GPIO Header
  • PCIe 2.1 (4 full-duplex lanes with 20Gbps) x4 open ended port


Board Information, Schematics and Certifications

  • Certifications:
    • FCC, CE, and RoHS Certification in progress


Datasheets for Components and Peripherals

The NAS Case for the ROCKPro64

Front View of the PINE64 NAS Case for the ROCKPro64

Please follow this this link for detailed instructions on how to assemble the ROCKPro64 NAS Case.

The NAS Case instructions also contains detailed information about:

  • what the NAS Case ships with
  • What additional things you need to purchase for your NAS Case
  • What optional things you can consider purchasing for your NAS build
  • What OS Image we recommend you use for your NAS build
  • IO accessibility after installing the ROCKPro64 into the NAS Case


Other Resources